University of California, Riverside

Botanic Gardens



Spring Plant Sale List


KEY TO THE CODES AT END OF THE PLANT DESCRIPTIONS:

H* - attracts Hummingbirds
B* - attracts Butterflies or feeds butterfly larvae
W* - Water efficient/drought tolerant plants
C* - California native plant or derivative
F* - especially good cut Flower or cut Foliage
S* - fragrant flowers ("S" for Scented)

The number of plants we expect to have available at the sale appears in brackets at the end of the plant description.


Trees

Acacia berlandieri, "GUAJILLO" - Large shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree; heat loving w/ fernlike, light green leaves -- flowers fragrant, ball-like puffs of stamens, white aging to cream & born in early spring. [20/10] (W*S*)

Acacia boormanii, "SNOWY RIVER WATTLE" - Suckering shrub that can be trained as a multi-trunked tree; slender, gray-green, leaves & showy clusters of bright yellow, fragrant flower "puffs" at branch ends in late winter/early spring. [10] (H*W*S*)

Aesculus californica, "CALIF. BUCKEYE" - Drought tolerant, California native tree w/ hand-shaped leaves & foot-long plumes of creamy white, fragrant flowers in spring. [24/19] (H*B*W*C*S*)

Arbutus 'Marina', "STRAWBERRY TREE" - Choice, evergreen tree related to manzanita w/ handsome bark, large, deep green leaves, clusters of tiny, pink, urn-shaped flowers in fall. [15/8] (H*W*)

Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Dr. Hurd', "DR. HURD MANZANITA" - Calif. native small tree or large shrub to 15 ft. w/ mahogany bark, large, light green leaves & clusters of white, urn-shaped flowers in late winter; well adapted to gardens & handsome all year. [10/8] (H*B*W*C*)

Bauhinia variegata, "PURPLE ORCHID TREE" - Spectacular, deciduous tree w/ light green, 2-lobed leaves & 3-in. purple, orchidlike flowers in late winter/early spring (a few may have white flowers). [11] (H*)

Caesalpinia mexicana, "MEXICAN BIRD-OF-PARADISE" - Heat-loving, small tree or large shrub w/ ferny, blue-green leaves & showy clusters of lemon yellow flowers throughout warm weather; needs good drainage. [20] (H*W*)

Calocedrus decurrens, "INCENSE CEDAR" - Large, Calif. native, evergreen tree w/ dense, pyramidal crown & aromatic foliage & wood; branches popular in holiday decorating. [20] (W*C*)

Casimiroa edulis, "WHITE SAPOTE" - Subtropical tree, deciduous in frost, w/ shiny green, hand-shaped, leaves & 3-4 in., pale yellow fruit w/ tropical flavor & custard-like texture (seedlings of 'Vernon'). [14]

Castanospermum australe, "MORETON BAY CHESTNUT" - Striking, evergreen tree w/ large, dark green, glossy, divided leaves & 8 in. spikes of bright red & yellow, sweetpea-shaped flowers in summer, born even on trunk & main branches. [28/24/12] (H*B*)

Ceanothus 'Ray Hartman', "RAY HARTMAN CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, small tree or large shrub (depending on training), w/ 2-3 in. leaves, dark green leaves & 3-5 in., spikelike clusters of medium blue flowers in spring. [9] (B*W*C*)

Cercocarpus betuloides, "MOUNTAIN MAHOGANY" - Calif. native, drought tolerant, large shrub or small, multi-trunked tree w small, dark green leaves that are pale below & a long-lasting display of handsome, feathery fruits in fall. [10] (W*C*)

Chilopsis linearis, "DESERT WILLOW" - Calif. native, fast-growing small tree or large shrub w/ airy appearance; willow-like leaves & trumpet-shaped, light pink flowers over long spring/summer season. [11] (H*W*C*)

Chitalpa tashkentensis, "CHITALPA" - Water efficient, small tree w/ willow-like leaves & clusters of pink, trumpet-shaped flowers in summer; hybrid of desert willow & catalpa tree. [11/5] (C*H*W*)

Cinnamomum camphora, "CAMPHOR TREE" - Slow growing, evergreen tree to 50 ft. high & wide w/ thick, picturesque branches & shiny, yellow green leaves that are pink when young; plant away from pavement/structures. [23/11] (W*)

Citrus aurantifolia, "MEXICAN LIME, KEY LIME" - Evergreen large shrub/ small tree for mildest Inland gardens; fragrant, white flowers & small, tart-fleshed fruit that is yellow when ripe; seedlings of 'Giant Key Lime'. [38] (B*S*)

Citrus grandis x paradisi 'Oroblanco', "OROBLANCO GRAPEFRUIT HYBRID" - Grapefruit/Pummelo hybrid -- an evergreen tree w/ large, handsome, dark green leaves, fragrant, white flowers & large, sweet-fleshed grapefruit-like fruits in spring (rootstock: 'Carrizo'). [10] (B*S*)

Citrus hystrix, "KIEFFIR LIME, MAKRUT" - Choice, evergreen large shrub or small tree with hourglass shaped leaves, white, fragrant flowers & small, bumpy fruit; both leaves & fruit popular in Thai & other asian cooking. [35/17] (B*S*)

Citrus paradisi 'Rio Red' grapefruit, "RIO RED GRAPEFRUIT" - Heat-loving, evergreen tree w/ large, handsome, dark green leaves, fragrant, white flowers & seedless, blushed, red-fleshed fruits in spring; fruit holds well on tree. [2] (B*S*)

Citrus paradisi 'Star Ruby' grapefruit, "STAR RUBY GRAPEFRUIT" - Heat-loving, evergreen tree w/ large, handsome, dark green leaves, fragrant, white flowers & seedless, pink-skinned, red-fleshed fruits in spring; fruit holds well on tree (rootstock: 'Carrizo'). [5] (B*S*)

Citrus reticulata 'Daisy' mandarin, "DAISY MANDARIN" - Evergreen tree w/ dark green foliage & an alternately heavy crop of med.-large-sized, moderately seedy fruits w/ dark orange skin & sweet pulp; easy to peel (Jan.-Mar.) (rootstock: 'Carrizo'). [4] (B*S*)

Crinodendron patagua, "LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY TREE" - Choice, Chilean tree w/ appearance of evergreen oaks; small, leathery, holly-like leaves & dainty, bell-shaped, white flowers & attractive cream & red seed capsules. [20] (W*)

Cupressus funebris, "CHINESE WEEPING CYPRESS" - Evergreen, more or less pyramidal tree from China; smooth, brown bark, gray -green, scalelike leaves closely arranged in flattened sprays on pendulous branches & dark brown, round cones. [8]

Firmiana simplex, "CHINESE PARASOL TREE" - Choice, deciduous tree w/ distinctive, thick branches, huge lobed leaves & handsome green bark; small, yellow flowers are followed by interesting, leaf-like pods; good street or lawn tree. [62]

Ginkgo biloba, "GINKGO TREE" - Slow-growing, deciduous tree w/ light green, fan-shaped leaves that color yellow in fall; unsexed seedlings -- female trees may bear malodorous fruit, edible seeds. [32/28]

Heteromeles arbutifolia, "TOYON" - Versatile, Calif. native, water-efficient small tree/large shrub w/ toothed, glossy green leaves, large clusters of white flowers in summer, showy red berries in winter. [30] (H*B*W*C*)

Luma apiculata, "PALO COLORADO" - Choice, slow-growing, small tree/large shrub w/ cinnamon-colored bark, small, glossy, leathery leaves, fluffy clusters of white flowers that age pink & edible blue berries. [7] (W*)

Melaleuca linariifolia, "FLAXLEAF PAPERBARK" - Small to medium-sized tree w/ white, papery bark, bluish green, needlelike foliage, & fluffy spikes of white flowers like snow on branches in summer; also called "snow-in-summer". [8] (H*W*)

Myrica californica, "PACIFIC WAX MYRTLE" - Handsome, Calif. native small, multi-trunked tree/large shrub; leaves are shiny, dark green & toothed, closely covering the branches; birds attracted to tiny, purplish, autumn fruits. [20] (W*C*)

Myrtus communis, "MYRTLE" - Versatile, evergreen small tree/large shrub w/ dark green, shiny, aromatic leaves, fragrant, fluffy, white flowers & blue berries; can be hedged or open pruned; slow to form tree size. [15/5] (W*F*)

Myrtus communis 'Boetica', "BOETICA MYRTLE" - Choice form of this versatile, evergreen tree/shrub w/ dark green, shiny, aromatic leaves, arranged "foxtail" fashion on thick branches; fragrant white flowers & blue berries. [14] (W*F*)

Nolina matapensis, "SONORAN TREE BEARGRASS" - Yucca-like perennial gradually forming a 8-20 ft., dark trunk topped by flexible, sword-shaped, dark green leaves; in age producing a tall branching spike of tiny, white flowers. [11] (W*)

Phoenix reclinata, "SENEGAL DATE PALM" - Picturesque, clumping palm w/ multiple arching trunks & feather-type fronds; good for landscape or containers; hardy to 28. [4]

Phoenix reclinata, "SENEGAL DATE PALM" - Picturesque, clumping palm w/ multiple arching trunks & feather-type fronds; good for landscape or containers; hardy to 28. [14/7]

Pistacia chinensis, "CHINESE PISTACHE" - Tough, drought resistant, deciduous medium to large tree w/ graceful, divided leaves that reliably turn scarlet/crimson/orange in fall; spectacular! [22] (W*)

Platanus racemosa, "CALIFORNIA SYCAMORE" - Large, picturesque, Calif. native tree w/ pretty bark & large, maple-like leaves; for large, informal or natural gardens w/ some summer irrigation. [15] (B*C*)

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii, "CATALINA CHERRY" - Versatile, drought tolerant, evergreen tree/shrub w/ shiny, near toothless leaves & spikes of creamy-white flowers in spring, barely edible dark red to black fruits; Calif. native. [20] (B*W*C*)

Quercus agrifolia, "COAST LIVE OAK" - Tough, drought tolerant, wide-spreading tree, w/ hollylike leaves; fast-growing in youth, picturesque in age; Calif. native. [10/6] (B*W*C*)

Quercus engelmannii, "ENGELMANN OAK" - Tough, drought tolerant, wide-spreading tree, w/ hollylike leaves; fast-growing in youth, picturesque in age; Calif. native of Santa Rosa Plateau fame. [13] (B*W*C*)

Quercus garryana, "GARRY OAK" - Majestic, north Calif. native, low-water-use, deciduous, large tree w/ thick, spreading branches forming a rounded crown & shiny, lobed leaves, fuzzy below; slow to moderate growth [15] (B*W*C*)

Quercus ilex, "HOLLY OAK" - Tough, drought tolerant, dense-crowned tree, w/ smooth, dark gray bark, hollylike leaves that are green above, hairy below; fast-growing in youth. [5] (B*W*)

Quercus kelloggii, "CALIF. BLACK OAK" - Calif. mountain native, deciduous tree w/ picturesque habit & handsome, lobed leaves w/ bristle points emerging pink, aging to dark green. [13] (B*W*C*)

Quercus lobata, "VALLEY OAK" - Majestic, Calif. native, low-water-use, deciduous, large tree w/ thick, spreading branches & handsome, deeply lobed leaves; fairly fast growth w/ some irrigation. [16/12] (B*W*C*)

Quercus tomentella, "ISLAND OAK" - Channel Is. native, water efficient, evergreen tree, w/ slightly toothed, 2-4 in. leaves that are dark green above, felty white or tan below; symmetrical in shape if well grown. [20] (B*W*C*)

Rhamnus alaternus 'John Edwards', "ITALIAN BUCKTHORN" - Nearly indestructible, heat tolerant & versatile large shrub easily trained to a small tree; can be clipped or hedged; dark green, shiny leaves & black berries; good oleander subsitute. [12] (W*)

Rhamnus prinoides, "AFRICAN DOGWOOD" - Rare, evergreen, South African, large shrub/small tree w/ dark green, shiny leaves & berries that start out green, then turn yellow, red & then black -- w/ all colors appearing at once. [19] (F*)

Sabal mexicana, "OAXACA PALMETTO" - Handsome, heat-loving, slow-growing palm w/ 3-ft., dark green, fan-shaped fronds, eventually forming a slender trunk to 50 ft.; said to be hardy to 10 degrees F. [10]

Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa', "CORKSCREW WILLOW" - Easy, fast-growing tree w/ elegantly spiraled branches; most water efficient willow; cut branches handsome in arrangements, fresh or dried. [9] (B*F*)

Sapium sebiferum, "CHINESE TALLOW TREE" - Choice, fast-growing, deciduous tree w/ heart-shaped, aspen-like leaves that flutter in the breeze; gorgeous fall foliage color varies from red to purple. [43]

Schotia brachypetala, "TREE FUCHSIA" - Slow-growing South African tree or shrub w/ handsome, shiny dark green compound leaves & clusters of waxy, crimson flowers w/ protruding stamens born mostly on older wood. [21/60] (H*S*)

Sophora secundiflora, "TEXAS MOUNTAIN-LAUREL" - Choice, heat-loving, slow-growing tree w/ dark green, shiny leaflets & wisteria-like, violet blue flowers w/ delicious grape scent that lasts after drying; seeds poisonous. [26] (B*W*S*)

Tabebuia impetiginosa, "PINK TRUMPET TREE" - Spectacular, deciduous tree w/ hand-shaped, 5-leaflet leaves & pretty, 2 to 3 in., lavender-pink, trumpet-shaped flowers before the leaves appear in spring. [30] (H*)

Tecoma stans v. angustata, "YELLOW BELLS" - More water-efficient form of this popular favorite -- small tree/large shrub w/ feathery foliage & clusters of trumpet-shaped, bright yellow flowers over long summer/fall season. [12/10] (H*W*)

Trachycarpus fortunei, "WINDMILL PALM" - One of hardiest palms w/ single, fiber-covered trunk & slender-stemmed, deep green, fan-shaped fronds; hardy to 10 degrees. [3]

Vauquelinia corymbosa v. heterodon, "SLIMLEAF ROSEWOOD" - Southwest native, water efficient small tree/large shrub related to Calif. native toyon; 6-in, leathery, toothed leaves & showy, flattened clusters of tiny white flowers in spring. [8] (B*W*)

Vitex agnus-castus 'Stony Point', "CHASTE TREE" - Tough, fast-growing small tree or large shrub w/ pretty, hand-shaped leaves & dense, conical spikes of small, dark blue purple, fragrant flowers over long summer season. [25] (B*W*S*)

Yucca 'Silver Star', "SILVER STAR YUCCA" - Handsome variegated form of this slow-growing, tree-like yucca w/ dark green, sword-shaped leaves striped white & dense clusters of large, fleshy, creamy white flowers. [4] (W*)

Shrubs

Abutilon palmeri, "INDIAN MALLOW" - Small shrub native to southwest deserts & Baja Calif. w/ soft, velvety, silvery stems & leaves & satiny, golden yellow, cup-shaped flowers in spring/summer. [20/4] (C*W*)

Acacia craspedocarpa, "LEATHERLEAF ACACIA" - Large, heat resistant shrub w/ handsome, rounded, gray-green leaves -- flowers are bright yellow bottle-brushes born in winter/spring; pods showy. [6] (W*)

Acacia iteaphylla, "FLINDERS RANGE WATTLE" - Large, Aust. shrub w/ slightly weeping branches, slender,gray-green leaves, pink when new -- flowers are lemon yellow balls of stamens born in winter/spring. [20] (W*)

Acacia redolens 'Desert Carpet'TM, "DESERT CARPET ACACIA" - Dense, low shrub speading up to 12 ft. w/ gray-green, leathery "leaves" & flowers that are tiny, yellow puffballs produced in spring. [20] (W*)

Adenanthos sericea, "WOOLLYBUSH" - Unusual Aust. shrub related to proteas; dissected, silky leaves & odd, tubular, red flowers on & off during the year; good drainage, deep, infrequent watering, no phosphorus fertilizer. [20] (H*W*)

Aloysia triphylla, "LEMON VERBENA" - Large, open shrub w/ sandpapery, bright green, deliciously lemon-scented leaves used in teas & potpourri; clusters of tiny white flowers in summer. [8] (B*F*)

Anisacanthus quadrifidis 'Mexican Fire', "DESERT HONEYSUCKLE" - Heat-loving, mounded shrub w/ light green leaves & spikes of flared, tubular, bright red-orange flowers heaviest in spring, occasional in summer/fall; hummingbird & butterfly favorite. [10/10] (H*B*W*)

Anisodontea 'Elegant Lady', "AFRICAN MALLOW" - Fast-growing, water-efficient, South African shrub w/ bright green, ruffled leaves & 1-inch, pink, hibiscus-like flowers over long spring to fall season. [20] (W*B*)

Arbutus unedo 'Compacta', "STRAWBERRY TREE" - Choice, dwarf, shrub form of this evergreen tree related to manzanita w/ handsome, deep green leaves, clusters of tiny, white, urn-shaped flowers & pretty, red fruit in fall/winter. [20/3] (H*W*)

Arctostaphylos dens. 'Howard McMinn', "MANZANITA" - Handsome, Calif. native mounding shrub to 6 ft. tall & 6 ft. wide, w/ small, glossy leaves & clusters of tiny, light pink, urn-shaped flowers in spring; dependable; needs good drainage. [15/2] (H*B*W*C*)

Arctostaphylos edmundsii 'Carmel Sur', "LITTLE SUR MANZANITA" - Calif. native, fast-growing, groundcover shrub to 1 ft. tall w/ gray-green leaves & clusters of tiny, pink, urn-shaped flowers in early spring; garden water tolerant; needs good drainage. [30] (H*B*W*C*)

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Pt. Reyes', "BEARBERRY MANZANITA" - Wide-spreading groundcover shrub to 1 ft. tall, w/ dark red-brown branches, shiny, rounded, dark green leaves & clusters of tiny, white, urn-shaped flowers in late winter/early spring. [20] (H*B*W*C*)

Athanasia acerosa, "COULTER BUSH" - Uncommon South African native, evergreen shrub w/ finely divided, silvery foliage & dense, yarrow-like heads of tiny yellow daisies in spring/summer. [27] (B*W*F*)

Boronia megastigma 'Hot Chocolate', "BROWN BORONIA" - Aust. shrub w/ short, needle-like leaves & freesia-scented, rich brown, bell-shaped flowers that are chartreuse within; good drainage, no phosphorus fert.; not for beginners. [5/6] (F*S*)

Boronia megastigma 'Jack Maguire's Red', "BROWN BORONIA" - Aust. shrub w/ short, needle-like leaves & freesia-scented, deep orange red, bell-shaped flowers that are chartreuse within; good drainage, no phosphorus fert.; not for beginners. [9] (F*S*)

Brugmansia 'Frosty Pink', "ANGEL'S TRUMPET" - Large shrub/small tree w/ large, tapered leaves & huge, pendant, night-fragrant, trumpet-shaped, pink flowers; spectacular! [53] (S*)

Brugmansia 'Shredded White', "ANGEL'S TRUMPET" - Easy, fast-growing, large shrub/small tree w/ bright green, leaves & huge, pendant, night-fragrant, white flowers split into numerous, flag-like parts; most unusual! [15] (S*)

Buddleia davidii 'Petite Plum', "BUTTERFLY BUSH" - Compact form of this fast-growing shrub w/ dark green, felty leaves & dense, conical spikes of tiny, purple, fragrant flowers in summer; butterfly favorite! [10] (B*S*)

Buddleia 'Silver Anniversary', "BUTTERFLY BUSH" - Fast-growing shrub w/ handsome, silver foliage & dense, conical spikes of tiny, snow white, fragrant flowers in summer; butterfly favorite! [17] (B*S*)

Buddleia x weyeriana 'Honeycomb', "BUTTERFLY BUSH" - Fast-growing shrub w/ lance-shaped leaves & globular clusters of tiny, butter yellow, fragrant flowers in summer/fall; prune after bloom; butterfly favorite. [8] (B*S*)

Caesalpinia gilliesii, "BIRD-OF-PARADISE-BUSH" - Medium to large, heat-loving, water efficient shrub w/ open habit; ferny foliage & striking yellow flowers w/ conspicuous, bright red stamens produced in summer; hummingbird favorite. [20/6] (H*W*)

Caesalpinia pulcherrima, "BARBADOS PRIDE" - Heat-loving, water efficient shrub w/ ferny, blue-green leaves & spectacular clusters of orange & red flowers in summer; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*)

Calliandra eriophylla, "FAIRY DUSTER" - Truly drought tolerant Calif. native, medium shrub w/ lacy, dark gray green foliage; flowers are fluffy brushes of rosy-pink stamens in spring. [20] (H*W*C*)

Callistemon 'Cane's Hybrid', "CANE'S BOTTLE BRUSH" - Choice form of this favorite landscape shrub; forms an upright shrub w/ narrow, blue-green leaves & light pink, bottle-brush flowers in spring & summer; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*)

Cassinia leptophylla, "SILVER COTTONWOOD" - Evergreen, Australian heather-like shrub w/ tiny, silvery leaves & apical clusters of tiny, button-like, white flower heads; needs good drainage. [11] (W*)

Ceanothus 'Blue Jeans', "BLUE JEANS CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, medium to large, dense shrub w/ small, dark green, holly-like leaves & abundant clusters of tiny, pale powder blue flowers in spring; tolerates heavy soil, summer water. [10/10] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus griseus 'Louis Edmunds', "LOUIS EDMONDS CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, medium shrub w/ shiny, bright green leaves & 1-in. clusters of medium sea blue flowers in spring; stands heavy soil & more water than most ceanothus. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus griseus 'Yankee Point', "YANKEE POINT CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, low, dense shrub w/ 1-in., shiny, dark green leaves & 1 in. clusters of medium blue flowers; one of easiest ceanothus; tolerates summer water. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark', "SKYLARK CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native, evergreen shrub, 3-6 ft. tall & 5 ft. wide, w/ deep green, shiny leaves & clusters of dark blue flowers over long season; tolerates summer water. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceratostigma griffithii, "BURMESE PLUMBAGO" - Evergreen, mounding, small shrub w/ inch-long, rounded, bronze edged leaves & 3/4 in., brilliant true blue flowers from late summer to fall. [16] (B*)

Cestrum aurantiacum, "ORANGE CESTRUM" - Fast-growing, evergreen, arching shrub w/ bright green leaves, large clusters of 1-in. yellow-orange, starry, short-tubed flowers in spring/summer, & white berries; hummingbird favorite. [4] (H*B*F*)

Chamaebatiaria millefolium, "FERNBUSH, DESERT SWEET" - Western native shrub w/ aromatic, gray green, fern-like leaves, evergreen in mild climates, & 4-in, upright clusters of small, white flowers in summer. [10] (B*W*C*)

Chrysactinia mexicana, "DAMIANITA" - Compact, heat-loving shrub w/ small, dark green, aromatic leaves; covered w/ 1-in, bright yellow daisy flowers especially in spring & fall; needs perfect drainage. [10] (B*W*)

Chrysothamnus nauseosus, "RABBITBRUSH" - Drought tolerant, tough, western native w/ narrow, gray green leaves & masses of fluffy, golden yellow, flower heads in late summer & fall; needs good drainage. [20] (B*W*C*)

Cistus 'Gordon Cooper', "ROCKROSE" - Spreading, drought tolerant, 2 ft. tall & 6 ft. wide shrub w/ crinkled, dark green leaves & 2-inch, white, poppy-like flowers, each petal w/ a red spot at the base; needs good drainage. [20] (W*)

Cistus 'Santa Cruz', "ROCKROSE" - Drought tolerant, 3-ft., mounding shrub w/ bright gray, scallop-edged leaves & a profusion of 2-inch, purple-rose, poppy-like flowers in spring; needs good drainage. [20] (W*)

Cistus skanbergii, "ROCKROSE" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, low shrub w/ gray-green leaves & a profusion of 1 in., pure pink, poppy-like flowers in spring; needs good drainage. [25] (W*)

Coleonema pulchrum 'Compact Form', "PINK BREATH-OF-HEAVEN" - A choice, lower, more spreading form of this South African shrub; dense shrub w/ dainty, bright green, aromatic foliage & an abundance of tiny pink flowers in winter/spring. [20] (W*B*F*)

Correa 'Wyn's Wonder', "VARIEGATED AUSTRALIAN FUCHSIA" - Water efficient, compact, Aust. shrub w/ felty, olive green leaves w/ cream margins & 1-in., bell-shaped, rosy-pink flowers over long winter season; needs good drainage. [20] (H*W*)

Correa pulchella 'Pink Eyre', "AUSTRALIAN FUCHSIA" - Water efficient, compact shrub w/ shiny, dark green leaves & an abundance of 3/4 in., bell-shaped, rose-pink flowers over long winter to spring season; needs good drainage. [23] (H*W*)

Cuphea 'Starfire', "STARFIRE CUPHEA" - Heat-loving shrub to 4 ft. tall w/ deep green, bronze-tinged leaves; flowers are rosy-red tubes tipped by contrasting purple & white, starry petal lobes; flowers spring to fall. [14/7] (H*F*)

Dalea greggii, "TRAILING INDIGO BUSH" - Water efficient, spreading shrub w/ tiny, satiny gray green, ferny leaves & dainty, cloverlike clusters of purple, pea-shaped flowers over long spring/summer season. [16] (B*W*)

Dodonaea viscosa, "HOP BUSH" - Tough & versatile large shrub, can be trained to tree form; narrow, bright green leaves & showy clusters of papery seed capsules in late spring/summer; good oleander substitute. [10/9/4] (W*F*)

Echium candicans (= E. fastuosum), "PRIDE-OF-MADEIRA" - Evergreen shrub w/ bold, bristly leaves & dramatic, thick spires of blue-purple flowers over long spring season; butterfly favorite. [51] (H*B*W*F*)

Encelia californica, "CALIF. SUNFLOWER" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native shrub w/ bright green, diamond-shaped leaves & 3-in., yellow flowerheads w/ dark brown centers in spring. [11/10] (B*W*C*)

Ephedra viridis, "MORMON TEA" - Unusual & curious, drought tolerant, Calif. native coniferous shrub w/ near leafless, slender, bright green branches; long used as tea & dye plant; needs good drainage. [20] (W*C*)

Eremophila maculata 'Valentine', "SPOTTED EMU BUSH" - Water efficient Australian shrub w/ small, gray green leaves tinged red & tubular, brilliant rose red flowers born near the branch ends in late winter; needs good drainage. [25] (H*W*)

Euphorbia pulcherrima 'Eckespoint', "POINSETTIA" - In the garden, not a little holiday pot plant, but a spectacular, tall, deciduous shrub w/ masses of foot-wide, double-bracted, red flower heads over long winter season. [6] (H*B*)

Euphorbia xantii, "JUMETON" - Baja Calif. native shrub w/ gray green, pencil-like branches, narrow, gray-green leaves & dense clusters of tiny, pink flowers over long winter/spring season. [11] (B*W*)

Euryops lateriflorus, "EURYOPS" - Rare, coarsely branched, evergreen shrub from S. Africa w/ waxy, gray-green leaves arranged foxtail fashion & yellow, daisy flowers near branch ends in spring/summer. [20] (B*W*)

Euryops speciosissimus, "CLANWILLIAM DAISY" - Rare, coarsely branched, evergreen shrub from S. Africa w/ ferny, gray-green leaves & single, yellow, long-stalked daisy flowers in spring/summer. [9] (B*W*)

Fallugia paradoxa, "APACHE-PLUME" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native shrub w/ tiny, deep green leaves & pretty, 1 1/2 in., white, rose-like flowers in spring & showy, plume-like seed clusters. [12] (W*C*)

Fouquieria diguettii, "PALO ADAN" - Baja Calif. native large shrub/small tree related to "ocotillo"; stout-spined stems; generous clusters of red, tubular flowers after rain or irrigation; hummingbird favorite. [21] (H*W*)

Fouquieria macdougalii, "MEXICAN TREE OCOTILLO" - Mexican native large shrub/small tree related to "ocotillo"; stout-spined stems, gray green leaves; open clusters of dark red, tubular flowers after rain or irrigation; hummingbird favorite. [18] (H*W*)

Gardenia thunbergia, "SOUTH AFRICAN GARDENIA" - Large, evergreen shrub w/ angular branches & deep green leaves; long-tubed, glistening white, 8-petaled flowers very fragrant; not fussy about soil. [45/45/35] (F*S*)

Grevillea alpina 'East Grampians', "MOUNTAIN GREVILLEA" - Evergreen, wide spreading, Aust. shrub w/ narrow, bright green leaves & clusters of unusual, red & yellow, spidery flowers; needs good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [9] (H*W*)

Grevillea 'Canberra Gem', "HUMMINGBIRD BUSH" - Graceful, evergreen shrub w/ 1 in., bright green, needlelike leaves & unusual, red, spidery flowers, heaviest in spring, intermittent throughout the year; needs good drainage, no phosphorus fert. [20/20] (H*W*)

Grevillea lanigera (selected low form), "WOOLLY GREVILLEA" - Evergreen shrub w/ small, gray green leaves close-set foxtail fashion along arching or trailing branches & clusters of unusual, pink, spidery flowers; needs good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [20] (H*W*)

Grevillea 'Noellii', "HUMMINGBIRD BUSH" - Evergreen shrub w/ bright green, needle-like leaves & showy clusters of unusual, spidery flowers that are dark pink & white; good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [20/3] (H*W*)

Grevillea rosmarinifolia 'Scarlet Sprite', "ROSEMARY GREVILLEA" - Dense, evergreen, mounding shrub w/ bright green, needlelike leaves & clusters of unusual, bright rose red, spidery flowers; needs good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [13] (H*W*)

Hakea minyma, "HAKEA" - Choice, medium shrub from Aust., w/ long, slender, gray-green leaves & long, dense clusters of pink & cream flowers in winter; good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [10] (H*W*)

Hakea victoria, "ROYAL HAKEA" - Tall, narrow shrub from Aust., w/ large, leathery leaves handsomely veined & netted yellow, cream & orange; flowers inconspicuous; good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [5] (W*F*)

Halimium ocymoides, "ROCKROSE" - Low, evergreen, mounding shrub w/ soft, gray-green leaves & 1-in., poppy-like flowers, bright yellow w/ a black and purple blotch at each petal base; needs good drainage. [20] (W*)

Haplopappus laricifolia 'Aguirre', "TURPENTINE BRUSH" - Lush selection of this rarely offered Calif. native evergreen shrub w/ dark green, narrow leaves & fluffy clusters of small, yellow daisy flowers in late summer/fall (=Ericameria) [20/5] (B*W*C*)

Helianthemum 'Cerise Queen', "SUNROSE" - Dense, evergreen, mat-forming shrublet w/ dark green leaves & 1-in., double, rose red flowers in spring/summer; cut back after flowering for fall bloom; needs good drainage. [32] (W*)

Hermannia verticillata, "HONEYBELLS" - Spreading shrub w/ trailing stems, tiny, dissected, bright green leaves & small, yellow, honey-scented, bell-shaped flowers in winter/spring; good drainage, moderate water. [22+14] (S*)

Hibiscus 'Mme. Chiang Kai-Shek', "CHINESE HIBISCUS" - Rare & unusual variety of this large, tender shrub; heart-shaped, deep green leaves & large, double, flesh-pink flowers throughout warm weather, the petals gracefully curved & twisted. [4] (H*B*)

Homalocladium platycladium, "RIBBON BUSH" - Curious & attractive near leafless shrub w/ shiny, bright green, flattened & jointed stems; flowers inconspicuous but red berries somewhat showy; good in containers. [12]

Hypericum reptans, "ST. JOHN'S WORT" - Choice, mat-forming shrub w/ tiny, gray green leaves geometrically arranged along the stems; 2-in., bright yellow flowers at stem tips in late summer/fall. [20]

Iochroma cyaneum 'Red Wine', "RED WINE IOCHROMA" - Fast-growing shrub, w/ large clusters of tubular, dark blue-purple flowers over long summer season; good espalier; hummingbird favorite. [18] (H*)

Isomeris arborea (Cleome isomeris), "BLADDERPOD" - Calif. native, drought tolerant w/ gray-green leaves, dainty yellow flowers through warm weather, followed by bright green, showy seed pods. [15/6] (H*W*C*)

Justicia californica, "CHUPAROSA" - Drought tolerant desert shrub w/ gray-green, nearly leafless branches & clusters of tubular, bright red flowers over long spring/summer season. [25] (H*W*C*)

Justicia spicigera, "MEXICAN HONEYSUCKLE" - Water efficient, heat-loving, rounded shrub w/ bright green leaves & clusters of orange, tubular flowers produced continuously. [25] (B*W*F*)

Lantana 'Radiation', "LANTANA" - Easy, heat-loving, mounding shrub w/ dark green, sandpapery leaves & rounded heads of starry flowers opening yellow & aging to rich orange-red; butterfly favorite. [10] (B*W*)

Lavandula intermedia 'Dutch', "BLUE LAVANDIN" - Water efficient shrub w/ gray-green, aromatic leaves & long-stalked, conical, fragrant spikes of tiny, deep blue violet flowers in summer. [32] (B*W*F*S*)

Lavandula 'Silver Frost', "SILVER FROST LAVENDER" - Water efficient shrub w/ silver, aromatic leaves & fat, long-stalked, fragrant spikes of dark purple flowers in summer. [20] (B*W*F*S*)

Lavandula stoechas ssp. pedunculata 'Avonview', "SPANISH LAVENDER" - Drought tolerant, aromatic shrub w/ gray-green foliage & long-stalked, dense spikes of dark purple flowers topped by showy, petal-like, purple bracts in early summer. [20] (B*W*F*S*)

Lessertia montana, "BALLOON PEA" - South African shrub w/ silvery, compound, lacy leaves & quite spectacular, bright red, pea-shaped flowers w/ beak-like keels, followed by decorative, inflated pods. [25] (H*)

Leucophyllum frutescens 'Compacta', "COMPACT TEXAS RANGER" - Compact form of this water efficient, heat loving, evergreen shrub; gray, soft-silky leaves & rosy-purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers in summer/fall; needs good drainage. [10/4] (H*W*)

Leucophyllum frutescens 'Green Cloud', "TEXAS RANGER" - Water efficient, heat loving, evergreen shrub w/ frosty-green, soft-silky leaves & deep rosy-purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers in summer/fall; needs good drainage. [19] (H*W*)

Leucophyllum 'Heavenly Cloud', "TEXAS RANGER" - Moderately fast growing, water efficient, heat loving shrub w/ bright green leaves & purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers in late summer/fall; needs good drainage; hybrid origin. [8] (H*W*)

Leucophyllum pruinosum, "FRAGRANT TEXAS RANGER" - Water efficient, heat-loving, open shrub w/ silver leaves & fragrant, purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers over long summer/fall season; flowers smell like grape bubble gum! Needs good drainage. [15] (H*W*S*)

Leucophyllum zygophyllum, "BLUE RANGER" - Water efficient, heat-loving shrub w/ tiny, cupped, gray-green leaves & small, blue, snapdragon-shaped flowers over long summer/fall season; needs good drainage. [10/8] (H*W*S*)

Ligustrum japonicum 'Texanum', "WAX-LEAF PRIVET" - Extra dense-foliaged selection of this versatile, evergreen shrub w/ dark green, leathery leaves & pyramidal clusters of creamy white flowers; good oleander substitute; can be hedged. [4]

Lippia (Oscar Clarke), (NO COMMON NAME) - Medium to large, open shrub w/ quilted, sandpapery, toothed leaves that are lemon scented when bruised; twin clusters of tiny lavender-pink flowers in summer attract butterflies. [11] (B*)

Lonicera subspicata, "CHAPARRAL HONEYSUCKLE" - Calif. native, scrambling, evergreen shrub w/ open habit; inch-long, leathery, oval leaves & few-flowered spikes of half-inch, 2-lipped, creamy white flowers; attracts wildlife. [10] (B*C*S*)

Luma apiculata 'Glanleam Gold', "PALO COLORADO" - Choice, slow-growing shrub w/ cinnamon-colored bark, small, glossy, leathery leaves edged gold, fluffy clusters of white flowers that age pink & edible blue berries. [20/4] (W*)

Melianthus major, "HONEY BUSH" - Bold, South African shrub w/ gray green, foot-long, divided leaves w/ toothed leaflets & 1-foot clusters of unusual, reddish brown flowers in late winter; much or little water. [20] (W*)

Murraya koenigii, "CURRY LEAF" - Handsome, evergreen shrub for landscape or container; shiny, scented leaves used fresh in curry seasoning; clusters of creamy white flowers & dark, interesting berries in summer. [23]

Murraya paniculata, "ORANGE JESSAMINE" - Large, evergreen shrub w/ handsome, glossy green, divided leaves & clusters of white, deliciously fragrant flowers over long summer/fall season; choice. [6] (S*)

Myoporum 'Putah Creek', "PUTAH CREEK MYOPORUM" - Water efficient, very fast-growing, shrubby groundcover (can spread to 8 ft.) w/ bright green leaves close set along the stems & small white flowers in summer; apparently rabbit proof! [23/22/20] (W*)

Myoporum parvifolium 'Fine Leaf', "DWARF MYOPORUM" - Compact, fine-textured form of this water efficient, fast-growing, shrubby groundcover; can spread to 5+ ft., w/ gray green leaves & starry, white flowers in summer; believed rabbit proof! [19] (W*)

Myoporum parvifolium 'Pink', "PINK MYOPORUM" - Water efficient, very fast-growing, shrubby groundcover (can spread to 8 ft.) w/ bright green leaves close set along the stems & small light pink flowers in summer; apparently rabbit proof! [15/10] (W*)

Myrsine africana, "AFRICAN BOXWOOD" - Versatile, South African, evergreen shrub w/ dark red stems & tiny, dark green, round leaves; substantial & dependable; foliage handsome cut for arrangements. [12] (W*F*)

Myrtus communis 'Compacta', "DWARF MYRTLE" - Versatile, dense, evergreen shrub w/ tiny, dark green, shiny, aromatic leaves, fragrant white flowers & blue berries. [20] (W*S*)

Myrtus communis 'Variegata', "VARIEGATED MYRTLE" - Choice form of this versatile, evergreen shrub w/ shiny, aromatic leaves that are dark green, edged white, fragrant fluffy, white flowers & blue berries. [17] (W*F*)

Olea europaea 'Montra', "LITTLE OLIVE" - Dwarf, shrubby form of a classic, versatile, evergreen tree; 6-8 ft. tall & wide, w/ small, dark green leaves & no fruit set; needs good drainage. [3] (W*)

Olea europaea 'Skylark Dwarf', "SKYLARK DWARF OLIVE" - Dwarf, more shrub-like form of a classic, evergreen tree w/ small, gray green leaves set closely on the branches; little fruit set if other varieties are not nearby. [15] (W*)

Osmanthus armatus, "HOLLY-LEAF OSMANTHUS" - Choice, dense, evergreen shrub w/ leathery, holly-like, dark green leaves & clusters of tiny, deliciously fragrant, creamy-white flowers in summer. [6] (S*)

Osmanthus fortunei 'San Jose', "SWEET OLIVE" - Choice, slow-growing evergreen shrub w/ glossy, rich green, hollylike leaves & small clusters of tiny, creamy white, deliciously fragrant flowers in October. [17] (F*S*)

Osmanthus fragrans aurantiacus, "SWEET OLIVE" - Choice, slow-growing evergreen shrub w/ leathery, rich green leaves & small clusters of tiny, apricot orange, deliciously fragrant flowers in fall; will take nearly full sun. [8] (F*S*)

Ozothamnus 'County Park Silver', "RICE FLOWER" - Flowerless, prostrate form of this Aust. shrub forming a 3 in. x 24 in. mat of narrow, half-inch, aromatic leaves that are silvery white - described as a "silver-white throw rug." [21]

Parthenium incanum, "MARIOLA" - Tough, southwest desert native, intricately branched shrub w/ gray green, lobed, aromatic leaves covered in silvery hairs & dome-shaped clusters of white, button-like flower heads. [7] (W*)

Philadelphus lewisii 'Covelo', "WESTERN MOCK ORANGE" - Calif. native, deciduous shrub w/ slender, wand-like branches, light green leaves & saucer-shaped, pristine white, deliciously fragrant flowers w/ yellow stamens in spring. [20] (H*B*C*S*)

Phlomis lanata, "JERUSALEM SAGE" - Compact, aromatic, evergreen shrub w/ small, woolly, crinkled leaves & shish-kabob spikes of yellow tubular flowers over much of the year. [25] (W*)

Phlomis purpurea, "PINK JERUSALEM SAGE" - Rare, evergreen, water efficient shrub w/ gray-green, aromatic leaves & tall, shish-kabob spikes of tubular pink flowers over long spring season. [13] (W*F*)

Photinia fraseri, "FRASER PHOTINIA" - Vigorous, evergreen large shrub or small tree w/ with handsome, shiny foliage that emerges bronze-red; showy clusters of small white flowers in spring. [60] (B*F*)

Pimelea ciliata 'Snow Clouds', "WHITE BANJINE" - Evergreen, dwarf, Aust. shrub 1- 2 ft. tall & 2-3 ft. wide, w/ olive green leaves in two ranks & a profusion of 1.5 in. clusters of starry white flowers in spring; good drainage, moderate water. [25] (W*B*)

Plumbago auriculata 'Alba', "WHITE CAPE PLUMBAGO" - Exceptional, white-flowered form of this popular favorite; wide-spreading, mounding shrub w/ fresh green foliage & abundant rounded clusters of white flowers much of year. [8] (B*W*)

Polygala x dalmaisiana, "SWEET-PEA SHRUB" - Easy, fast-growing, open shrub w/ gray green, pointed leaves & bright rose-purple, orchid-like flowers produced from summer to fall. [20] (B*F*)

Polygala fruticosa 'Petite Butterfly', "SWEET-PEA SHRUB" - Easy, fast-growing, open shrub w/ gray green, pointed leaves & bright rose-purple, orchid-like flowers produced from summer to fall. [10] (B*F*)

Polygala myrtifolia 'Mariposa', "SWEET-PEA SHRUB" - Dwarf, compact form of this fast-growing, open shrub w/ gray green, pointed leaves & vivid rose-purple l& white, orchid-like flowers produced much of the year. [15/2]

Prostanthera rotundifolia 'Variegata', "VARIEGATED MINT BUSH" - Fast-growing, evergreen, Aust. shrub w/ small, rounded, aromatic leaves edged cream & 1/2 in., bright purple, trumpet-shaped flowers in spring; needs good drainage. [25] (H*)

Psoralea pinnata, "BLUE SCURFY PEA" - Open shrub w/ lush green, soft needle-like foliage giving a fluffy look; clusters of blue & white, grape soda- scented, sweet-pea-shaped flowers in spring & summer. [29] (S*)

Rhamnus californica 'Eve Case', "COFFEEBERRY" - Dense form of this tough, drought tolerant, Calif. native, evergreen shrub w/ oval, dark green leaves & red to black berries; provides food for butterfly larvae. [6] (B*W*C*)

Rosmarinus 'Gorizia', "ROSEMARY" - Tall, rigidly upright form of this popular, water-efficient shrubby herb w/ extra long leaves & light blue flowers in winter/spring; leaves w/ sweet, gingery flavor used in cooking. [19] (B*W*F*)

Rosmarinus 'Shimmering Stars, "ROSEMARY" - Medium-sized form of this popular, water-efficient shrubby herb w/ short, aromatic leaves on picturesquely arched & twisted branches; violet-blue flowers in winter/spring; leaves used in cooking. [10] (B*W*F*)

Ruellia peninsularis, "DESERT RUELLIA" - Small desert shrub w/ whitish, zig-zag branches, dark green leaves & blue-purple, trumpet-shaped flowers throughout warm weather. [20] (H*W*)

Ruta graveolens (compact), "RUE", "HERB OF GRACE" - Extra compact form of this handsome, long-grown herb w/ highly aromatic, lacy, silvery-blue leaves, clusters of yellow flowers in summer; sap may be irritating to some, [20] (F*)

Ruttya fruticosa 'Orange Dragon', "ORANGE MONKEY-FACE" - Rare, evergreen, east African shrub w/ angular branches, 2-in., crinkled leaves & clusters of striking, orange, 2-lipped flowers w/ a dark red blotch on the lip; blooms in summer. [17/12/11] (H*)

Salvia apiana, "WHITE SAGE" - Drought tolerant, local native, evergreen shrub w/ silvery-white, extremely aromatic leaves & tall spires of small, white & lavender flowers in late spring/early summer; needs good drainage. [20] (B*W*C*)

Salvia brandegei, "BRANDEGEE SAGE" - Calif. native, evergreen shrub w/ scalloped, aromatic leaves & long-stemmed, shish-kabob spikes of small, pale lavender in early summer; good cut flower; needs good drainage. [10/7] (B*W*C*)

Salvia clevelandii, "CLEVELAND SAGE" - Drought tolerant, medium-sized, evergreen shrub w/ aromatic, gray-green leaves & interrupted spikes of rich blue, tubular flowers. [20] (H*B*W*C*F*)

Salvia dolomitica, "DOLOMITE SAGE" - Mounding, evergreen S. African shrub w/ silvery-gray leaves & compact, lemon-scented spikes of 1-in., lilac-colored, two-lipped flowers w/ bronzy calyxes over long winter/spring season. [20] (H*W*F*)

Salvia gesneriflora, "RED VELVET SALVIA" - Bold, shrubby perennial w/ large, light green, heart-shaped leaves & spikes of 2-in., deep scarlet flowers over long winter-spring season; hummingbird favorite. [13] (H*)

Salvia greggii 'Alba', "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient, much branched shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves & abundant spikes of white, 1-in. flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite. [12] (H*W*)

Salvia 'Indigo Blue', "INDIGO BLUE SAGE" - Rounded, evergreen shrub to 3 ft. tall w/ matte-green, textured leaves & short spikes of small, intense blue purple flowers in summer/fall; good drainage. [13]

Salvia 'Hot Lips', "AUTUMN SAGE" - Easy, water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves & abundant spikes of 1-in., tubular, white flowers tipped bright red - color may vary w/ temperature; hummingbird favorite. [31] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Cream), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of cream-colored, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [22/16] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Dark purple), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of dark purple, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [15/3] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Peach-pink), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of light peachy-pink, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [16/14] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Pink), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of light peachy-pink, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, dark calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [14] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Red), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of red, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [17/3] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Rose-red), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of deep rose-red, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, dark calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [19] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Yellow w/ pink), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of yellow, 1-in. flowers blushed pink & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [24/15] (H*W*)

Salvia leucophylla, "PURPLE SAGE" - Especially garden friendly selection of this Calif. native shrub w/ aromatic, silvery leaves & shish-kabob spikes of purple-pink flowers in late spring; heat & drought tolerant. [15] (B*W*C*F*)

Salvia microphylla 'Cerro Potosi', "BABY SAGE" - Fast-growing, easy, reliable mounding shrub; bright green, aromatic leaves & an abundance of small, tubular, two-lipped flowers in striking magenta-red; blooms summer/fall. [20] (H*W*)

Salvia muirii, "MUIR SAGE" - Choice miniature shrub w/ tiny, matte-green, aromatic leaves, the plant dotted in summer & fall w/ small, bright blue flowers each w/ a white spot. [20] (B*W*)

Salvia munzii, "MUNZ SAGE" - Rare Calif. native, evergreen shrub w/ aromatic ashy, dark gray green leaves on reddish branches & shish-kabob spikes of tiny, light blue, tubular flowers w/ reddish calyxes. [20/3] (H*B*W*C*)

Salvia wagneriana, "PINK-BRACT SALVIA" - Fast-growing shrub w/ light green, heart-shaped leaves & gorgeous pink-bracted racemes of pink, tubular flowers over long winter season. [11] (H*F*)

Senna (Cassia) artemisioides, "FEATHERY CASSIA" - Water efficient, evergreen shrub from Aust. w/ feathery, gray-green foliage & in clusters of yellow, 5-petalled flowers over long winter/spring season (=Cassia artemisioides). [20] (B*W*S*)

Senna (Cassia) didymobotrya, "POPCORN CASSIA" - Evergreen shrub w/ handsome, divided leaves & candelabra-like spikes of black buds opening to large, yellow flowers in winter/spring; new growth & flower buds popcorn scented. [42] (B*S*)

Senna (Cassia) multiglandulosa, "BUTTERCUP BUSH" - Fast growing, evergreen shrub or small tree w/ handsome, bright green, divided leaves & clusters of 1-in., yellow flowers over long winter/spring season (=Cassia tomentosa). [22] (B*)

Senna (Cassia) nemophila, "DESERT CASSIA" - Water efficient, evergreen shrub from Aust. w/ feathery, green foliage & in clusters of yellow, 5-petalled flowers over long winter/spring season. [20/3] (B*W*S*)

Senna phyllodinea, "SILVER LEAF CASSIA" - Water efficient, evergreen, Aust. shrub w/ gray-green, sickle-shaped, leaf-like stems & clusters of yellow, 5-petalled flowers over long spring/summer season. [20] (B*W*S*)

Simmondsia chinensis, "JOJOBA", "GOATNUT" - Versatile, drought tolerant, Calif. native shrub, slow-growing & dense w/ leathery, gray-green leaves; female plants bear jojoba "nuts" used in cosmetics & eating. [15/4] (W*C*)

Teucrium fruticans 'Azureum', "BLUE BUSH GERMANDER" - Open, water-efficient shrub w/ silvery branches, gray-green leaves that are silvery below & spikes of 3/4 in., deep blue flowers much of year. [20] (W*)

Teucrium x lucidrys (T. chamaedrys), "GERMANDER" - Low, wide-spreading shrublet w/ small, deep green, shiny leaves & dense, rounded spikes of dainty, red-purple flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [20] (B*W*)

Ugni molinae 'Flambeau', "CHILEAN GUAVA" - Slow-growing, dense shrub w/ small, bronzy dark green leaves variegated cream & pink, white, bell-shaped flowers & small, purplish, edible fruits that smell like baked apples. [20]

Verticordia plumosa, "FEATHER FLOWER" - Aust. shrub to 3 ft. high & wide, w/ needle-like leaves & fluffy masses of small, lavender flowers near branch ends; needs good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer; not proven Inland. [25] (W*F*)

Viguiera deltoidea, "SAN DIEGO SUNFLOWER" - Fast-growing, many branched, Calif. native, evergreen shrub. w/ triangular, gray to gray-green leaves & pretty, yellow daisy flowers in spring; needs good drainage. [10] (B*W*C*)

Westringia 'Jervis Gem', "COASTAL-ROSEMARY" - Compact form of this water-efficient, spreading shrub from Aust. w/ narrow, green leaves, woolly below, & spikes of delicate, lavender-blue flowers over long season. [20] (B*W*)

Westringia 'Mia's Wonder', "COASTAL-ROSEMARY" - Compact form of this water-efficient, spreading shrub from Aust. w/ narrow, wooly leaves & spikes of delicate, pale pink flowers over long season. [3] (B*W*)

Vines

Calystegia macrostegia 'Anacapa Pink', "ISLAND MORNING-GLORY" - Fast-growing, twining vine native to Channel Islands w/ shiny green, arrow-shaped leaves & 3-in. pink, funnel-shaped flowers over long spring/summer season. [15/10] (C*W*)

Clematis ligusticifolia, "VIRGIN'S BOWER" - Choice, Calif. native vine with dainty, divided leaves & billowy masses of fragrant, creamy-white flowers in spring; shade root zone, top w/ some sun. [14] (C*S*)

Ephedra tweediana, "COLA DE CABALLO" - Weird, leafless, vining shrub forming a haystack-like mound (unsupported) or column of slender, pendulous ,green stems & small, yellow, flower-like cones in spring. [12]

Hardenbergia violacea 'Canoelands', "LILAC VINE" - Choice Australian vine w/ wiry, twining stems, leathery, undivided leaves & long clusters of tiny, rose purple, sweetpea-shaped flowers w/ a chartreuse dot in late winter/early spring. [20] (W*)

Humulus lupulus 'Aureus', "GOLDEN HOPS" - Fast-growing vine that dies to ground in winter; large, hand-shaped, chartreuse green leaves & aromatic, cone-like, light-green-bracted flower spikes used in beer making. [11] (S*)

Hylocereus undatus, "QUEEN-OF-THE-NIGHT" - Climbing cactus w/ 3-angled, self-adhering stems & mammoth (to 1.5 ft. long!) white flowers, that open in summer about 8 p.m. & can form delicious magenta-red "dragon fruit." [37]

Kennedia coccinea, "CORAL VINE" - Choice & vigorous, Australian vine w/ wiry stems, 3-parted leaves & sweetpea-shaped flowers in an unusual combination of red, pink & yellow; for trellis or groundcover. [20] (W*)

Mandevilla laxa, "CHILEAN JASMINE" - Heat-loving, deciduous, twining vine w/ dark green, pointed leaves & clusters of 2-in. trumpet shaped, glistening white flowers w/ powerful gardenia fragrance. [10/4] (S*)

Muehlenbeckia complexa, "WIRE VINE" - Vigorous, twining vine or groundcover w/ dainty appearance; thin, wiry, near-black stems & tiny, rounded, light green leaves; flowers inconspicuous. [14]

Passiflora 'Quasar', "QUASAR PASSIONVINE" - Moderately vigorous passion vine w/ dark green, lobed leaves & abundantly produced, distinctive flowers w/ pure white petals & white filiments; not tested as butterfly larval food. [22] (H*)

Passiflora 'Witchcraft' tm, "WITCHCRAFT PASSIONVINE" - Tame-growing passion vine w/ slender stems lined w/ dark green, lobed leaves & distinctive, 3-in., violet flowers w/ vivid blue-purple filaments in summer/fall. [20] (H*B*)

Passiflora citrina, "YELLOW PASSIONVINE" - Tame-growing passion vine w/ slender stems lined w/ dark green, two-lobed leaves & distinctive, starry, bright yellow, bell-shaped flowers in summer/fall; supports butterfly larvae. [16] (H*B*)

Senecio confusus 'São Paolo', "MEXICAN FLAME VINE" - Heat-loving, twining vine w/ succulent, toothed leaves & clusters of fragrant, dark orange-red daisy flowers w/ golden centers over long summer/fall season. [7] (B*S*)

Vitis 'Fantasy', "FANTASY GRAPE" - Energetic, woody vine, picturesque in & out of leaf; grapes large, blue-black, seedless, in large clusters; ripen in August; maple-like leaves color yellow & red in winter. [8] (W*)

Vitis californica 'Roger's Red', "CALIF. WILD GRAPE" - Calif. native, woody vine, climbing by tendrils; picturesque in & out of leaf w/ shredding bark & slightly lobed, gray green leaves, velvety below, color red & orange in fall. [14] (W*)

Vitis girdiana, "SOUTHERN CALIF. GRAPE" - Calif. native, woody vine, climbing by tendrils; picturesque in & out of leaf w/ shredding bark & slightly lobed leaves, velvety below; small, edible grapes attract wildlife. [10] (W*)

Herbaceous Plants

Achillea 'Apple Blossom', "COMMON YARROW" - Tough, water-efficient perennial w/ flat-topped clusters of long-lasting, powderpuff pink flowers above low, ferny, aromatic foliage mass. [32] (B*W*F*)

Agapanthus 'Ellamae', "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - A robust, dark flowered form of this popular & useful landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves & long-stalked, 8 in., ball-like clusters of extra large, dark blue flowers over long summer season. [5] (H*B*W*F*)

Agapanthus orientalis, "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - Full-sized, popular & useful landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves & long-stalked, 8 in., ball-like clusters of blue flowers over long summer season. [27] (H*B*W*F*)

Agapanthus orientalis 'Albus', "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - Full-sized, popular & useful landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves & long-stalked, 8 in., ball-like clusters of pristine white flowers over long summer season. [22] (H*B*W*F*)

Agapanthus orientalis 'Tinker Bell', "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - Dwarf, variegated selection of this landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves handsomely margined creamy white & long-stalked, ball-like clusters of blue flowers in summer. [20] (H*B*W*F*)

Albuca crinifolia, "ALBUCA" - Evergreen perennial w/ green, above-ground bulb, long, strap-shaped leaves & tall, upright spikes of white flowers w/ a green stripe on each petal. [17] (W*)

Alcea rosea 'Nigra', "BLACK HOLLYHOCK" - Striking form of this easy, old-fashioned favorite perennial w/ bold foliage & tall spires of cup-shaped, single, deep maroon, nearly black flowers. [30] (H*B*)

Alstroemeria 'Meyer Hybrids', "PERUVIAN LILY" - Easy, summer dormant, long-blooming perennial w/ leafy, long-stemmed clusters of lily-like flowers in shades of pink & lavender w/ darker markings; excellent cutflower. [75] (H*W*F*)

Antirrhinum sempervirens, "SPANISH SNAPDRAGON" - Mat-forming, perennial snapdragon w/ gray-green leaves & low, loose spikes of cream white, two-lipped flowers marked with yellow and purple; needs good drainage. [19] (B*)

Aquilegia chrysantha, "GOLDEN COLUMBINE" - Easy, Southwest native w/ handsome, airy, gray green foliage & tall, branching sprays of nodding, long-spurred, yellow flowers adored by hummingbirds; reseeds freely. [14] (H*F*)

Aquilegia formosa, "WESTERN COLUMBINE" - Calif. native perennial w/ handsome, much divided, airy foliage & tall, branching sprays of nodding, orange-red, spurred flowers adored by hummingbirds; spreads readily by seed. [10/10] (H*C*F*)

Argemone species, "PRICKLY POPPY" - Seldom offered, un-named, long time resident of the BG; tough perennial w/ gray, spiny leaves & branching stems of 3-in, white flowers w/ crinkled petals in summer; good drainage. [25] (W*)

Armeria 'Bloodstone', "SEA PINK" - Water efficient perennial forming a tight, spreading mat of narrow leaves & long-stalked, ball-like clusters of rose red flowers spring to summer; butterfly favorite. [32] (B*W*C*F*)

Armeria 'Joystick Red', "SEA PINK" - Water efficient perennial forming a spreading mat of narrow leaves & extra long-stalked, ball-shaped clusters of small, rose red flowers much of year; butterfly favorite. [6] (B*W*C*F*)

Armeria 'Victor Reiter', "SEA PINK" - Water efficient perennial forming a tight, spreading mat of narrow, gray-green leaves & long-stalked clusters of deep rose pink flowers much of year; butterfly favorite. [20] (B*W*C*F*)

Artemisia 'Powis Castle', "WORMWOOD" - Striking, water efficient, shrubby perennial forming a dense 3-foot tall, 6-foot wide mound of silver-white, feathery, aromatic foliage; needs good drainage. [20] (W*)

Aster chilensis 'Purple Haze', "COAST ASTER" - Calif. native, vigorous, rhizomatous perennial forming a low, wide-spreading foliage mass & 2-ft. branching sprays of pretty, bright violet daisies w/ yellow centers in late summer/fall. [9] (B*W*C*F*)

Aster ericoides 'Monte Cassino', "MONTE CASSINO" - Evergreen perennial w/ small, slender leaves & tall, leafy, branched flower stalks w/ many, small white daisy flowers over long summer/fall season; popular florist's "filler." [5] (B*F*)

Aster novi-belgii 'Sapphire', "MICHAELMAS DAISY" - Adaptable herbaceous perennial w/ low green foliage & long-stemmed, lavender blue daisy flowers w/ many slender rays & orange centers in late summe/fall. [24] (B*F*)

Aster oblongifolius 'Dream of Beauty', "FRAGRANT ASTER" - Adaptable herbaceous perennial w/ gray-green foliage & long-stemmed, pink daisy flowers w/ many slender rays & burnt orange centers in late summer. [20] (B*F*)

Babiana 'Midnight Blues', "BABOON FLOWER" - Pretty, summer-dormant freesia relative w/ tightly ribbed, strap-shaped leaves & deep blue-purple, funnel-shaped flowers w/ white markings in spring; summer dry. [20] (H*W*F*)

Baileya multiradiata, "DESERT MARIGOLD" - Desert native wildflower w/ silvery foliage & 1-in., bright yellow daisies produced over a long spring to fall season. [20] (B*W*C*F*)

Begonia 'Hildegard's Richmondensis', "BEGONIA" - Easy, shrubby begonia w/ succulent stems, shiny, bronzy, ruffled leaves & clusters of rosy pink flowers w/ yellow centers over much of year; flowers edible. [47]

Berlandiera lyrata, "CHOCOLATE DAISY" - Texas native perennial to 3 ft. tall w/ light yellow daisy flowerheads w/ reddish-brown centers; flowers deliciously chocolate scented. [20] (B*W*S*)

Bravoa geminiflora, "TWIN-FLOWERED BRAVOA" - Uncommon Mexican perennial w/ clumps of strap-shaped, bright green, arching leaves & tall spikes of orange-red, tubular flowers in late summer; hummingbird favorite. [7] (H*F*)

Bulbine 'Tiny Tangerine', "ORANGE BULBINE" - Water-efficient groundcover perennial from S. Africa w/ tight mat of narrow, succulent leaves & spikes of orange & yellow, starburst flowers over long season. [20] (H*B*W*)

Bulbinella robusta, "BULBINELLA" - Clumping South African perennial w/ strap-shaped leaves & poker-like spikes of glowing yellow, bell-shaped flowers in winter; fine cut flower; best dry in summer. [5] (H*W*F*)

Calylophus drummondii, "SUNDROPS" - Heat-loving, low perennial from Texas w/ narrow, dark green leaves edged red & of 2-in., brilliant yellow, poppy-like flowers in spring/summer. [15] (W*)

Canna (Jack's yellow), "CANNA" - Easiest of perennials w/ bold, tropical-looking bright green leaves topped by large clusters of exotic, multipetaled, bright yellow flowers over long summer season. [7] (H*)

Carex comans 'Red', "NEW ZEALAND HAIR SEDGE" - Exceptionally fine textured, grass-like perennial from New Zealand forming dense, clumps of thread-like, trailing, red-tinted leaves a foot or more long w/ "pigtail" tips. [32]

Carex glauca, "BLUE SEDGE" - Grass-like perennial spreading slowly to form turf of narrow, blue-gray leaves; filler or small scale lawn substitute that takes light traffic; established plants water efficient. [11]

Carex tumulicola, "BERKELEY SEDGE" - Versatile, fine textured, grass-like perennial forming fountain-like clumps of slender leaves; for sun or shade, much to moderate water; can spread by seed. [6] (C*)

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Longwood Blue', "BLUE MIST" - Deciduous, shrubby perennial w/ silvery foliage & fluffy clusters of sky blue flowers w/ conspicuous protruding stamens produced over long summer season; butterfly favorite. [11] (B*)

Catananche caerulea 'Amor Blue', "CUPID'S DART" - Pretty, European perennial forming clumps of gray-green, grassy foliage to 1 ft. tall, & long-stemmed, silver-bracted, lavender-blue flowers over long summer season. [6] (B*F*)

Centaurea gymnocarpa, "DUSTY MILLER" - Water efficient, evergreen perennial w/ felty, white, finely divided foliage & purple, thistle-like flower heads produced on leafy stalks in summer. [20] (H*B*W*)

Centaurea montana 'Amethyst in Snow', "MOUNTAIN BLUET" - Clumping, evergreen perennial w/ silver green foliage 2-in flower heads that are purple in the center w/ radiating, white, trumpet-like florets in summer. [20] (H*B*W*)

Chasmanthe floribunda, "AFRICAN FLAG" - Vigorous, summer dormant, gladiolus relative w/ tall fans of sword-shaped, bright green leaves & branching spikes of 2-in., orange, flared-tubular flowers in late winter; hummingbird favorite. [14/10] (H*W*F*)

Chrysanthemum maximum 'Crazy Daisy', "DOUBLE SHASTA DAISY" - Double-flowered form of this easy perennial w/ a deep-green foliage mat & 2-3 in., frilly, white daisy flowers w/ many slender petals & yellow centers in summer; good cutflower. [18] (B*F*)

Chrysanthemum maximum 'Snow Lady', "SHASTA DAISY" - Dwarf form of this easy perennial w/ a deep-green foliage mat & 2.5-in., white daisy flowers w/ yellow centers in summer; good in low borders, containers or as a cutflower. [22] (B*F*)

Convolvulus sabatius, "GROUND MORNING GLORY" - Spreading, evergreen perennial w/ soft, gray-green leaves & 2-in., lavender-blue, funnel-shaped flowers over long summer/fall season (=C. mauritanicus). [14] (W*)

Cotula (Oscar Clarke), "BRASS BUTTONS" - Spreading perennial w/ silky stems, soft, gray green, feathery leaves & long stalked, yellow, button-like flower heads over a long summer season. [21/11] (B*)

Cynara scolymus 'Green Globe', "ARTICHOKE" - Classic strain of this bold perennial w/ silvery green, divided leaves & huge, long-stalked, thistle-like flower heads -- artichokes eaten in bud -- showy, purple-blue flowers if allowed to open. [32] (B*F*)

Dahlia imperialis, "TREE DAHLIA" - Dramatic, herbaceous perennial to 10+ ft. in bloom w/ thick, bamboo-like stems topped by huge, branching sprays of 4-in., lavender flowers in fall; protect from wind. [30] (H*F*)

Dahlia 'Timothy Hammett', "SHRUB DAHLIA" - Fast-growing, shrubby perennial to 6 ft. tall with thick stems; the lavender flowers with yellow centers can appear from early spring to late fall, peaking in fall; evergreen in mild climates. [3] (H*F*)

Dalea capitata 'Sierra Gold', "SIERRA GOLD DALEA" - Water efficient, groundcover w/ aromatic, ferny foliage & dainty spike-like clusters of yellow, pea-shaped flowers in spring & fall; lemon-scented foliage is rabbit resistant. [6] (B*W*)

Dichondra argentea, "SILVER DICHONDRA" - Relative of "lawn" dichondra forming spreading mats of small, long-stalked, nearly round, silky silver leaves; good drainage/moderate irrigation; landscape or containers. [5]

Dudleya caespitosa, "LIVE-FOREVER" - So. Calif. native succulent producing ground-hugging rosettes of chalky white, succulent leaves & spikes of small, short-tubular, yellow flowers; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*C*)

Dymondia margaretae, "SILVER CARPET" - Incredibly tight, spreading mat of gray-green foliage to 2-3 in. tall w/ yellow, gazania-like flowers in summer; excellent between pavers & can take some traffic. [17/5] (B*W*)

Echinacea purpurea 'Primadonna', "PURPLE CONEFLOWER" - Old fashioned favorite perennial w/ coarse basal foliage & long stemmed, 4-in., deep rose daisys with dark centers over a long late summer season; excellent cutflower. [7] (B*F*)

Echium wildprettii, "TOWER OF JEWELS" - Spectacular, biennial; first year forming a rosette of bristly leaves; second year it becomes a 6-10 ft. tall, 1 ft. wide cone of rose red flowers, before setting seed & dying. [25] (H*B*W*)

Epilobium canum, "CALIFORNIA-FUCHSIA" - Drought tolerant perennial w/ gray green foliage & orange-red, tubular flowers in summer/fall when few other Calif. natives bloom; good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [13] (H*W*C*F*)

Epilobium 'Route 66', "CALIFORNIA-FUCHSIA" - Upright but compact, drought tolerant perennial w/ fuzzy, green leaves & orange-red, tubular flowers in summer/fall when few other Calif. natives bloom; good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [7] (H*W*C*F*)

Euphorbia characias 'Tasmanian Tiger', "VARIEGATED SPURGE" - Shrubby perennial w/ narrow, gray-green leaves strikingly edged white & long-lasting, compact clusters of chartreuse & white flower heads in late winter/early spring. [25] (W*)

Euphorbia rigida (biglandulosa), "BLUE EUPHORBIA" - Striking poinsettia relative w/ waxy, gray-green leaves arranged foxtail-fashion on thick stems; stems topped w/ chartreuse, dome-shaped flower clusters in winter. [7] (W*F*)

Festuca idahoensis 'Siskiyou Blue', "BLUE BUNCHGRASS" - California native, water-efficient, perennial grass forming dense, rounded clumps of slender, bright blue leaves to about 14 inches tall. [14] (W*C*)

Fragaria chiloensis 'Green Pastures', "SAND STRAWBERRY" - Calif. native, perennial groundcover spreading by stolons, forming a carpet of large, lush green, 3-parted leaves w/ toothed leaflets on reddish stems; no fruit. [3] (W*C*)

Gaillardia 'Frenzy', "BLANKET FLOWER" - Handsome color form of this old fashioned favorite perennial; bristly leaves & long stalked, rich red & yellow, daisy-like flower heads over long summer season; butterfly favorite. [22] (B*W*F*)

Gaillardia 'Goblin', "BLANKET FLOWER" - Dwarf form of this old fashioned favorite perennial; bristly leaves & long stalked, deep red & yellow, daisy-like flower heads over long summer season; butterfly favorite. [10] (B*W*F*)

Gaura 'Passionate Blush', "PINK WANDFLOWER" - Compact form of this unusual perennial w/ red, broom-like stems & wand-like flower spikes that bear many dainty, 1-in., pink, butterfly-like flowers over long summer season. [32] (W*F*)

Geranium incanum, "CARPET GERANIUM" - S. African perennial w/ dainty, finely divided leaves & an abundance of 1-in., dark reddish purple flowers in spring/early summer season; dormant in heat; can be invasive. [8/8] (B*W*)

Goniolimon tataricum (Limonium tatarica), "GERMAN STATICE" - Heat & cold hardy perennial w/ rosettes of narrowly-oval, waxy leaves & long-lasting, airy sprays of tiny pale lavender flowers in spring/summer; good fresh or dried cutflower; good drainage. [24/8] (B*W*F*)

Helictotrichon sempervirens, "BLUE OAT GRASS" - One of the most striking & widely adapted ornamental grasses; forms fountains of blue, slender leaves to 2+ ft.; needs good drainage. [20]

Hesperaloe parviflora, "CORAL YUCCA" - Drought tolerant, yucca-like perennial w/ clumps of 3-ft., narrow leaves & tall spikes of long lasting, coral-colored flowers in early summer & later. [25] (H*W*F*)

Iris 'Native Warrior', "PACIFIC COAST HYBRID IRIS" - Calif. native hybrid perennial forming handsome evergreen clumps of deep green, sword-shaped leaves & 3 in., rich maroon iris flowers in spring; needs good drainage & light, acid soil. [25] (H*W*C*)

Iris (Marty's dark purple self), "LOUISIANA IRIS" - Vigorous & easy perennial w/ lush, sword-shaped foliage to 4 ft. topped w/ large, solid dark purple flowers in spring; good vertical accent in moist site. [18/13]

Iris orientalis, "SPURIA IRIS" - Rhizomatous perennial w/ handsome, upright, sword-shaped foliage clumps to 4-5 ft. topped w/ showy, white flowers w/ yellow blotches in late spring; can be dry in summer (= I. ochroleuca). [10]

Iris unguicularis, "WINTER IRIS" - Rarely offered selection of this tough, evergreen perennial; stiff, clumping, sword-shaped leaves & long-tubed, deliciously fragrant, lavender-blue flowers in winter. [20] (W*F*S*)

Kalanchoe gastonis-bonnieri, "DONKEY EARS" - Curious, succulent perennial w/ large, succulent, powdery white leaves that form plantlets near the tips, & a tall, branching spike of bell-shaped, pendulous red & yellow flowers. [6] (H*W*)

Kniphofia caulescens, "RED-HOT POKER" - Bold, clump-forming perennial w/ long, strap-shaped leaves & tall-stalked, dense spikes of tubular, coral red buds opening to pale yellow summer & fall; hummingbird favorite. [4] (H*W*F*)

Leonotis leonurus, "LION'S-TAIL" - Striking, water efficient perennial w/ coarse foliage & tall, shish-kabob spikes of 2-in, velvety orange, tubular flowers in summer & fall. [20/4] (H*W*F*)

Leucojum aestivum, "SUMMER SNOWFLAKE" - Pretty summer dormant bulb with slender, dark green, strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of nodding, white, bell-shaped flowers w/ green petal tips; easy & dependable. [32] (F*)

Leymus condensatus 'Canyon Prince', "BLUE WILD RYE" - Striking, slow-spreading, Calif. native grass forming loose clumps of stiff powdery-blue leaves & 3 ft., rigid powder-blue flower spikes well above the foliage. [20] (W*C*F*)

Liatris spicata, "BLAZING STAR" - U.S. native perennial forming clumps of grassy, dark green foliage & tall, fluffy, foxtail-like spikes of purple flowers in summer; needs good drainage; good cutflower. [22] (B*F*)

Limonium perezii, "SEA LAVENDER" - Bold, water efficient perennial w/ large, leathery, rounded leaves & long-stemmed clusters of purple & white flowers which are long lasting on the plant or cut in arrangements; butterfly favorite. [18] (B*W*F*)

Linum perenne ssp. lewisii, "PRAIRIE FLAX" - Dainty perennial w/ slender, wand-like branches lined foxtail-fashion w/ tiny, gray green leaves & topped by branching clusters of delicate, light blue flowers in late spring/summer. [14] (B*W*)

Lobelia laxiflora, "MEXICAN BUSH LOBELIA" - Water efficient, spreading perennial w/ 2 ft. stems from an underground, creeping stem; narrow leaves & open spikes of tubular, orange-red flowers born over long summer season. [18] (H*B*W*)

Lychnis chalcedonica, "MALTESE CROSS" - Old fashioned, Russian native perennial w/ light green, hairy leaves & terminal, rounded clusters of half-inch, scarlet flowers w/ deeply cleft petals; butterfly favorite. [33] (B*)

Manfreda maculosa, "MANFREDA" - Unusual succulent perennial w/ thick, strap-shaped leaves w/ maroon blotches & a tall spike of tubular, long-stamened, scented, green flowers in summer. [3] (H*F*)

Manfreda (Mtn. States Nursery), "TEXAS TUBEROSE" - Unusual succulent perennial w/ narrow, strap-shaped, gray-green leaves handsomely speckled maroon & tall spikes of small, lily-like, green white flowers in summer that age to dusky rose. [15] (H*F*)

Melissa officinalis, "LEMON BALM" - Perennial herb of many uses forming a spreading clump of light green, toothed leaves that are deliciously lemon scented; fluffy clusters of tiny white flowers in summer. [32] (B*)

Mirabilis jalapa 'Alba', "WHITE FOUR-O'CLOCK" - White-flowered form of this old-fashioned favorite; shrubby perennial from large tuber w/ bright green foliage & funnel-shaped, night fragrant, white flowers open from afternoon to late morning. [6] (W*S*)

Muhlenbergia capillaris 'Regal Mist', "PINK MUHLEY" - Stunning, near-evergreen, clumping grass w/ fine-textured, dark green, waxy foliage & a cloud-like mass of misty pink flowers over the foliage in fall; cut back in early spring. [25] (W*)

Muhlenbergia dumosa, "BAMBOO MUHLEY" - Tough, graceful Arizona native grass w/ slender, bamboo-like stems & tiny leaf blades, forms a 4-5 ft. fountain-shaped cloud of fluffy foliage, flowers & seedheads. [15/3] (W*)

Muhlenbergia rigens, "DEERGRASS" - Tough & dramatic, Calif. native grass w/ graceful, gray-green leaves forming dense clumps & whiplike, silvery flower stalks in summer; remains green even w/out summer water. [5/7/3] (W*C*)

Narcissus (Oscar's cream), "NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident w/ narrow strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of 1-in, deliciously fragrant, solid cream-colored flwoers; gopher proof! [34] (W*F*S*)

Narcissus (Oscar's old fashioned double), "NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident w/ narrow strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of 1-in, deliciously fragrant, creamy white & yellow, many-petaled flowers; gopher proof! [17] (W*F*S*)

Narcissus (Oscar's white & orange), "NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident w/ narrow strap-shaped leaves & generous, long-stemmed clusters of starry, white flowers w/ small, orange central cups; gopher proof! [30] (W*F*S*)

Narcissus (Oscar's yellow), "NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident w/ narrow strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of 1-in, deliciously fragrant, solid yellow flowers; gopher proof! [6] (W*F*S*)

Narcissus 'Paper White, "PAPER WHITE NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident & old-fashioned favorite bulb; narrow strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of 1-in, pure white, deliciously fragrant flowers in winter; gopher proof! [16] (W*F*S*)

Nassella (Stipa) pulchra, "PURPLE NEEDLEGRASS" - Drought tolerant grass native to Santa Rosa Plateau & elsewhere in Calif.; open clumps of narrow leaves & tall, graceful flower heads emerge purple, age to gold. [10/17] (W*C*)

Nassella (Stipa) tenuissima, "MEXICAN FEATHER GRASS" - Handsome perennial grass making dense, graceful clumps of bright green, iridescent, needle-thin leaves & a fountain of delicate, feathery flower heads; spreads by seed. [7+3/6]

Oenothera caespitosa, "FRAGRANT EVENING PRIMROSE" - Prostrate perennial, to 1 ft. high & 2 ft. wide, w/ velvety, gray-green leaves & 3-4 in., fragrant, white flowers opening in evening, closing in sunlight. [20] (W*S*)

Origanum vulgare 'Aureum', "CREEPING GOLDEN MARJORAM" - Tight, creeping mat of small, rounded, aromatic, golden-green leaves; especially good between pavers as established plants will take some traffic. [32] (B*W*F*)

Oxalis tetraphylla (deppei) 'Iron Cross', "LUCKY CLOVER " - Clumping perennial w/ long-stalked, 3-in., "four-leaf-clover" leaves handsomely purple banded, & long stemmed clusters of 1-in., coral-pink flowers in summer; good drainage. [6]

Pelargonium cordifolium', "HEART-LEAF PELARGONIUM" - Easy shrubby perennial, w/ handsome, heart-shaped, matte-green leaves & clusters of distinctive, red-purple, orchid-like flowers over long winter/spring season. [25] (H*B*W*)

Pelargonium 'Ice Palace', "PELARGONIUM" - Water efficient, easy, shrubby, old fashioned perennial, this one a vigorous plant w/ clusters of pristine, white flowers over long season. [14] (H*B*W*)

Pelargonium 'Jeanne', "PELARGONIUM" - Water efficient, easy, shrubby, old fashioned perennial, this one w/ coral pink flowers w/ unusual, jagged-edged petals produced over a long season. [16] (H*B*W*)

Pennisetum 'Fairy Tails', "EVERGREEN FOUNTAIN GRASS" - Water efficient perennial forming handsome clumps of arching, blue-green leaves & upright, long-stemmed, dark wheat-colored flower plumes in summer. [25] (W*F*)

Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum', "FOUNTAIN GRASS" - Drought tolerant perennial forming handsome clumps of narrow, burgundy leaves & long-stemmed, red-purple plumes of flowers in summer; sterile form, does not set seed. [15] (W*F*)

Penstemon amphorellae, "MEXICAN BLUE PENSTEMON" - Shrubby, perennial penstemon from Mexico w/ many slender stems of narrow leaves & delicate spikes of pretty, bell-shaped, light blue flowers over a long summer season. [19] (H*W*)

Penstemon cardinalis, "SCARLET PENSTEMON" - South TX & NM native perennial w/ large, leathery, dark green leaves & spikes of dark red, tubular flowers over long summer season; hummingbird favorite & needs good drainage. [10/8] (H*B*W*F*)

Penstemon eatonii, "FIRECRACKER PENSTEMON" - Calif. native, heat tolerant perennial w/ gray-green leaves & tall spikes of tubular, scarlet flowers in spring & early summer; needs some summer water & good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [3] (H*W*C*F*)

Penstemon 'Enor', "BORDER PENSTEMON" - Easy, spreading perennial w/ narrow, dark green leaves & spikes of trumpet-shaped, rich purple flowers over long spring/summer season; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*B*F*)

Penstemon heterophyllus 'Margarita BOP', "TINTED PENSTEMON" - Nice selection of this Calif. native, spreading perennial w/ narrow, gray-green leaves & spikes of trumpet-shaped, bright blue flowers in late spring/early summer; needs good drainage. [20] (H*W*C*)

Penstemon pinifolius, "PINELEAF PENSTEMON" - Southwest native perennial w/ bright green, needle-like leaves & spikes of tubular, red-orange flowers in summer; needs moderate watering & good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [14+7] (H*W*F*)

Penstemon spectabilis, "SHOWY PENSTEMON" - Spectacular Calif. native w/ waxy, gray-green foliage & tall spikes of lavender-purple & blue, tubular flowers; needs good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [8] (H*B*W*C*F*)

Perovskia atriplicifolia `Longin', "RUSSIAN SAGE" - Many branched perennial w/ gray-green, ferny leaves & a cloud of intricate spikes of small, lavender-blue flowers over long summer season; good in arrangements. [20/4] (B*F*)

Phormium 'Surfer', "NEW ZEALAND FLAX" - Dwarf selection of this popular accent plant; a 3-ft. tall clump of broad, strap-shaped, arching & twisting leaves that are maroon bronze w/ a gray green central stripe; landscape or container. [32] (W*)

Raoulia australis, "COMMON MAT DAISY" - Choice perennial forming a tight carpet of tiny, gray leaves only 1/2 in. tall; dotted w/ tiny, button-like, yellow flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [20] (W*)

Reinwardtia indica, "YELLOW FLAX" - Spectacular shrubby perennial w/ bright green leaves & 2-in, bright yellow, satiny, cup-shaped flowers over long winter season. [63]

Rhodocoma capensis, "RHODOCOMA" - Rare, horsetail-like perennial forming handsome, fluffy clumps of thread-like, shiny green, jointed stems; for garden or waterside planting; not invasive; no phosphorus fertilizer. [20] (F*)

Ruellia brittoniana 'Blanca', "DWARF WHITE RUELLIA" - Ultracompact variety of this heat-loving perennial w/ deep green, narrow leaves forming a tight mound, dotted w/ white, trumpet-shaped flowers over long summer season. [22/12]

Ruellia brittoniana 'Katie', "KATIE RUELLIA" - Ultracompact variety of this heat-loving perennial w/ deep purple-green, narrow leaves forming a tight mound, dotted w/ blue-purple, trumpet-shaped flowers over long summer season. [20] (H*)

Ruellia brittoniana (compact pink), "RUELLIA" - Three-foot, compact variety of this heat-loving perennial w/ dark green, narrow leaves & pretty, 1 in., pink trumpet-shaped flowers w/ dark pink throats throughout warm weather. [44] (H*)

Russelia equisetiformis 'Aurea', "CORAL FOUNTAIN" - Rare yellow form of this unusual penstemon relative w/ horsetail-like, arching, stems & tubular, soft yellow flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite; good in containers. [62] (H*F*)

Russelia equisetiformis 'Flamingo Park', "CORAL FOUNTAIN" - Spectacular penstemon relative w/ horsetail-like, arching, stems & tubular, coral-pink flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite; good in containers. [25/12] (H*F*)

Salvia buchananii, "BUCHANAN'S SAGE" - Mounding perennial of open habit w/ shiny, rich green leaves & loose spikes of 2-in., velvety magenta flowers in summer & fall; hummingbird favorite. [5] (H*)

Salvia chamaedryoides, "GERMANDER SAGE" - Compact, shrubby perennial spreading by underground runners; small, gray-green leaves contrast w/ small, bright blue flowers in early summer & fall. [20] (B*W*)

Salvia confertiflora, "SALVIA" - Tall, shrubby perennial w/ dark yellow-green, velvety leaves & slender, foot-long, brick-red, velvety flower spikes dotted w/ tiny, orange-red flowers; good cutflower. [40] (H*F*)

Salvia darcyi, "GALEANA RED SAGE" - Herbaceous perennial salvia w/ light green, triangular leaves & many spikes of 1.5 in., tubular, coral red flowers over long summer season; hummingbird favorite. [21/11] (H*)

Salvia elegans 'Frieda Dixon', "PINEAPPLE SAGE" - Shrubby perennial w/ bright green, pineapple-scented leaves & spikes of slender, tubular salmon pink flowers in fall; leaves used in drinks & fruit salads; hummingbird favorite. [4] (H*)

Salvia guaranitica "Brazil", "BLUE SAGE" - Bold, shrubby perennial w/ thin-textured, deep green, heart-shaped leaves & spikes of 2-in., deep blue tubular flowers over long summer/fall season; hummingbird favorite. [15] (H*)

Salvia guaranitica 'Costa Rica', "COSTA RICA SAGE" - Bold, shrubby perennial w/ large, deep green, crinkled leaves & tall spikes of 2-in., deep blue-purple flowers over long season; hummingbird favorite. [32/20] (H*F*)

Salvia involucrata, "ROSELEAF SAGE" - Tall, shrubby perennial w/ velvety leaves & foot-long spikes of rich, rose-pink, tubular flowers & puffy bracts of the same color, produced in late summer/fall; flowers last well in arrangements. [22] (H*F*)

Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten', "CULINARY SAGE" - Handsome selection of culinary sage forming a low carpet of extra broad, gray-green leaves & short spikes of lavender-blue flowers in spring. [32] (W*)

Salvia officinalis 'Icterina', "CULINARY SAGE" - Handsome selection of culinary sage forming a low carpet of deliciously aromatic, gray-green leaves w/ gold margins; this form apparently doesn't form flowers. [18] (W*F*)

Scaevola 'Mauve Clusters', "FANFLOWER" - Pretty, water-efficient, spreading perennial w/ small, light green leaves & blue-purple, fan-shaped flowers nearly all year; needs good drainage. [10] (B*W*)

Scaevola 'Topaz Pink', "FANFLOWER" - Pretty, water-efficient perennial spreading 2-3 ft. wide; light green leaves & pink, fan-shaped flowers nearly all year; needs good drainage. [16] (B*W*)

Sempervivum arachnoideum 'Cebenese', "COBWEB HOUSELEEK" - Choice & curious succulent forming a compact mat composed of tight rosettes of leaves joined by cobweb-like hairs; starry red flowers are born on 4-6 inch stems in summer. [10] (B*W*)

Senecio petasitis, "VELVET GROUNDSEL" - Really a giant, dramatic perennial, but use like a large shrub; large, velvety leaves & foot-long masses of scented yellow daisies. [11] (B*F*)

Sinningia tubiflora, "HARDY SINNINGIA" - Surprisingly hardy, tuberous perennial w/ velvety, crinkled leaves & long-stalked clusters of 3-in, tubular, fragrant, white waxy flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [12] (S*)

Sisyrinchium bellum, "BLUE-EYED GRASS" - Calif. native w/ dainty tufts of grassy, blue-green foliage & pretty, sky blue flowers w/ a yellow eye; blooms in spring/summer; accepts much or little water. [10/10] (W*C*)

Sisyrinchium californicum 'Yellowstone', "YELLOW-EYED GRASS" - Calif. native iris relative forming clumps of strap-shaped leaves & pretty, bright yellow flowers in summer; needs regular water or moist conditions. [8] (W*C*)

Solidago 'Little Lemon', "GOLDENROD" - Dwarf form of this American native forming a spreading mound of green foliage nearly covered in dense, plume-like spikes of lemon yellow flower heads in late summer/fall. [12] (B*)

Solidago multiradiata, "NORTHERN GOLDENROD" - Calif. native perennial forming a spreading mat of green foliage and fluffy spikes of golden yellow flower heads in late summer/fall. [17] (B*C*)

Sphaeralcea ambigua, "APRICOT MALLOW" - Drought tolerant, Calif. desert native perennial w/ yellow-green fuzzy leaves & tall spikes of hollyhock-like, glowing coral orange flowers with silky petals over long spring-summer season. [20] (H*W*C*)

Sporobolus airoides , "ALKALI DROPSEED" - Widely adapted Calif. native grass forming a fountain of narrow, gray-green leaves & finely branching clusters of tiny, pink flower heads rising like mist over the foliage in summer. [5] (W*C*)

Stanleya pinnata, "PRINCE'S PLUME" - Calif. native, drought tolerant, shrubby perennial w/ narrow, gray green leaves & tall, fluffy spikes of yellow flowers in spring; needs good drainage; not for beginners. [25] (W*C*)

Strelitzia reginae, "BIRD-OF-PARADISE" - Perennial w/ tough, long-stalked blue-green leaves & long-stemmed, bird-like, orange & blue flowers, produced intermittantly through year; flowers prized for arrangements. [10/13] (H*W*F*)

Tagetes lemmonii, "MT. LEMMON MARIGOLD" - Shrubby perennial w/ finely divided, strongly aromatic leaves & large clusters of golden orange flower heads, heaviest bloom in winter/spring. [6] (B*W*F*)

Tetraneurus acaulis, "ANGELITA DAISY" - Calif. & southwest native, mounding perennial w/ narrow, green, aromatic leaves & yellow daisy flowers produced much of the year; loves heat, needs good drainage (=Hymenoxys). [20] (B*W*C*)

Tetraneurus acaulis v. caespitosa, "ANGELITA DAISY" - Southwest native, mounding perennial w/ narrow, green, aromatic leaves & yellow daisy flowers produced much of the year; loves heat, needs excellent drainage (=Hymenoxys). [16] (B*W*C*)

Thymus x citriodorus 'Lime', "LEMON THYME" - Diminuitive, shrubby perennial herb w/ tiny, lime green, lemon-scented leaves & masses of tiny, clear pink flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [32] (B*W*)

Thymus pulegioides 'Aureus', "GOLDEN-SCENTED THYME" - Diminuitive, shrubby perennial herb w/ tiny, gray green, gold-tinted leaves w/ a lemon scent & masses of tiny, lavender pink flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [20] (B*W*)

Tritonia 'Rosy Picture', "FLAME FREESIA" - Pretty, summer-dormant freesia relative w/ sword-shaped leaves & pink, funnel shaped flowers w/ red markings born in compact, branching spikes; keep dry in summer. [25] (H*W*F*)

Tulbaghia 'Fairy Star', "SOCIETY GARLIC" - Miniature hybrid of this easy, long-blooming perennial forming clumps of slender, grassy foliage & long-stemmed clusters of dainty, pale pink flowers w/ dark centers. [25] (W*)

Tulbaghia natalensis, "SWEET WILD GARLIC" - Rare South African perennial forming tight, low clumps of slender, aromatic leaves & long-stemmed clusters of small, pink flowers w/ orange centers - deliciously clove scented. [34] (S*)

Urginea maritima, "RED SQUILL, SEA ONION" - Rarely offered perennial from huge, red-skinned bulb, producing broad, gray-green leaves in winter & dense, 3-5 ft. spikes of small, white flowers in late summer. [7] (W*F*)

Verbena lilacina 'De La Mina', "CEDROS IS. VERBENA" - Dark-flowered form of this water efficient, shrubby perennial w/ lacy foliage & head-like clusters of starry, lavender-pink, deliciously fragrant flowers much of the year. [32] (B*W*F*S*)

Verbena pulchella gracilior, "MOSS VERBENA" - Tough & easy groundcover w/ dark green, ferny foliage & rounded clusters of starry, purple flowers over long spring to summer season; butterfly favorite. [12] (B*W*)

Verbena rigida, "SANDPAPER VERBENA" - Easy, heat-loving, spreading perennial w/ dark green, sandpapery leaves & upright, cylindrical clusters of tiny, purple flowers in summer & fall; butterfly favorite. [14] (B*W*)

Vetiveria zizanioides, "VETIVER" - Adaptable clumping grass w/ slender, deep green leaves & tall, plume-like flower spikes in late summer; dried roots are aromatic when moistened & used in screens, fans, etc. [12] (W*F*)

Watsonia borbonica (white), "WHITE BUGLE LILY" - Gladiolus relative forming fans of sword-shaped leaves & spikes of white, funnel-shaped flowers in late spring; can be dry in summer or not; hummingbird favorite. [26/21] (H*W*F*)

Yucca whipplei, "WHIPPLE'S YUCCA" - Tough & spectacular Calif. native w/ narrow, stiff leaves & dramatic 5-10 ft., Christmas-tree-shaped spike of white waxy flowers; single rosette dies after flowering. [17/14] (W*C*)

Zantedeschia aethiopica, "COMMON CALLA" - Easy perennial w/ bold, deep green, arrow-shaped leaves & classic flowers w/ 8-in., silky white spathe & protruding yellow spadix. [5] (F*)

Zantedeschia albomaculata, "SPOTTED CALLA" - Easy perennial w/ deep green, handsomely white-spotted, arrow-shaped leaves (very narrow in this form) & flowers w/ large, silky white spathe & protruding yellow spadix. [14] (F*)

Zephyranthes candida, "WHITE RAIN LILY" - Easy, evergreen perennial from a bulb, w/ shiny deep green, grassy foliage & an abundance of single-stemmed, white, lily-like flowers in late summer/fall. [32] (W*)

Zephyranthes 'Labuffarosa', "PINK RAIN LILY" - Easy perennial from a bulb, w/ deep green, grassy foliage & an abundance of single-stemmed, rose pink, lily-like flowers in late spring/summer; flowers born in successive flushes. [23] (W*)

Zephyranthes 'Prairie Sunset', "PINK RAIN LILY" - Easy perennial from a bulb, w/ deep green, grassy foliage & peachy-pink, single-stemmed, crocus-like flowers in summer; flowers born in successive flushes. [21/15] (W*)

Zinnia grandiflora, "PRAIRIE ZINNIA" - Heat-loving, mounding perennial spreading by runners & seed; covered w/ 1.5 in., bright yellow, daisy-like flower heads w/ orange centers in summer/fall. [4] (B*W*)

Shade Plants

Abutilon 'Dwarf Red', "FLOWERING MAPLE" - Dwarf form of this fast-growing, evergreen, spreading shrub w/ maple-like leaves & nodding, red, bowl-shaped flowers over long season; hummingbird favorite. [17] (H*)

Abutilon pictum 'Aureo-maculatum', "FLOWERING MAPLE" - Fast-growing, evergreen shrub w/ maple-like leaves spotted & blotched w/ glowing yellow-white & nodding, bell-shaped, yellow-orange flowers w/ crimson veins over long season. [38] (H*)

Adiantum capillus-veneris, "SOUTHERN MAIDENHAIR" - Easiest of maidenhair ferns; jet-black, wiry stems & bright green, fan-shaped leaflets; dainty look belies tough constitution of established plants; spreads by rhizomes. [23/17] (C*)

Anemone hybrida 'Pamina', "JAPANESE ANEMONE" - Long-lived, spreading perennial w/ soft, lobed, basal leaves & tall, graceful, branching stems topped in fall by elegant, semi-double, rose pink flowers; partial shade. [15] (F*)

Anemone hybrida 'Party Dress', "JAPANESE ANEMONE" - Long-lived, spreading perennial w/ soft, lobed, basal leaves & tall, graceful, branching stems topped in fall by elegant, semi-double, pink flowers; partial shade. [18] (F*)

Anemone hybrida 'Prince Henry', "JAPANESE ANEMONE" - Long-lived, spreading perennial w/ soft, lobed, basal leaves & tall, graceful, branching stems topped in fall by elegant, semi-double, purple-red flowers; partial shade. [23] (F*)

Aristea ecklonii, "ROYAL BLUE-EYED GRASS" - Evergreen perennial w/ fans ot dark green, iris-like leaves & clusters of pretty, 3/4 in., true-blue flowers over long spring/summer season; flowers close in afternoon. [7/5]

Asparagus retrofractus, "MING ASPARAGUS" - Choice type of asparagus fern w/ long, arching, silvery gray stems & dark green, thread-like foliage in fluffy clusters; tiny white flowers are inconspicuous; excellent in flower arrangements. [5] (F*)

Aspidistra elatior, "CAST-IRON PLANT" - Victorian favorite - tough plant indoors or outdoors, w/ bold, deep green, long-stalked leaves; can take even deep shade & some drought. [34]

Aspidistra elatior 'Dwarf Milky Way', "CAST-IRON PLANT" - Rare form of this Victorian favorite - tough, slow-growing plant indoors or outdoors, w/ bold, deep green leaves flecked yellow; can take even deep shade (='Ginga Minor'). [15]

Aspidistra elatior 'Variegata', "CAST-IRON PLANT" - Victorian favorite - tough plant indoors or outdoors, w/ bold, deep green, long-stalked leaves striped creamy white; can take even deep shade & some drought. [10]

Aucuba japonica 'Variegata', "GOLD DUST PLANT" - Sturdy shrub for shade densly clothed in shiny, dark green, coarsely toothed leaves that are handsomely spotted glowing yellow; dark maroon flowers inconspicuous. [16]

Begonia 'Pink Shasta', "SHRUB BEGONIA" - Shrubby begonia w/ succulent stems, shiny, wing-shaped, ruffled leaves & clusters of glistening coral pink flowers w/ yellow centers over long summer season; flowers edible. [46] (H*)

Billbergia nutans hybrid (#1), "QUEEN'S TEARS" - Exotic perennial w/ urn-shaped clusters of sea green leaves & pink-bracted, pendulous spikes of blue, green & yellow flowers; containers or landscape. [27] (H*F*)

Carex oshimensis 'Evergold', "EVERGOLD WEEPING SEDGE" - Moisture-loving, grass-like plant forming mounds of slender, gracefully arching, deep green leaves w/ broad central stripe of creamy white to creamy yellow. [19]

Clerodendrum chinense pleniflorum, "GLORY BOWER" - Rare, open shrub spreading underground by runners; large, heart-shaped leaves & rounded, bouquet-like clusters of sweetly fragrant, pale pink, double flowers over long summer season. [11] (B*F*S*)

Clivia miniata, "CLIVIA" - Perennial for shade w/ handsome, deep green, broad, strap-shaped leaves & large, long-stalked clusters of glowing orange, funnel-shaped flowers & showy, red berries. [10] (H*F*)

Clivia miniata, "CLIVIA" - Perennial for shade w/ handsome, deep green, broad, strap-shaped leaves & large, long-stalked clusters of glowing orange, funnel-shaped flowers & showy, red berries. [30] (H*F*)

Elettaria cardamomom, "CARDAMOM" - Cardamom of commerce grown here for bold, tropical-looking, deliciously aromatic foliage on cane-like stems; has not flowered or fruited for us. [16/13/4] (F*S*)

Fuchsia 'Gartenmeister', "GARTENMEISTER FUCHSIA" - Evergreen shrub for container or landscape w/ dark, reddish foliage & spikes of pendant, salmon-red flowers over long season; selected for inland gardens; hummingbird favorite. [25] (H*)

Fuchsia (Jack's large-flowered pink), "FUCHSIA" - Inland tested, reliable fuchsia; abundant flowers are dainty, 2 in., pink bells, produced in summer/fall on a vigorous, upright plant; hummingbird favorite. [22] (H*)

Geranium palmatum, "CANARY IS. GERANIUM" - Most unusual & giant true geranium w/ handsome, finely divided bright green leaves & enormous, branching, inflorescence of many 1-in., dark magenta flowers over long spring season. [15/7] (B*)

Hedychium coronarium, "WHITE GINGER LILY" - Dramatic perennial w/ bold, tropical-looking foliage on cane-like stems & 6-12-in., cone-like spikes of exotic, glistening white, deliciously scented flowers in fall. [9] (F*S*)

Helleborus argutifolius, "CORSICAN HELLEBORE" - Hard to find, shrubby, Mediterranean perennial w/ bold, blue-green, 3-parted leaves & clusters of 2-in., chartreuse flowers that last for months. [20] (F*)

Hypericum androsaemum, "SWEET-AMBER, TUTSAN" - Near evergreen, mounding shrub w/ medium green leaves, clusters of 3/4 in., golden yellow flowers in summer & attractive, berry-like fruits that are a commercial cutflower. [36] (F*)

Justicia 'Fruit Salad', "SHRIMP PLANT" - Tender shrub for part or light shade in a protected spot; produces red-bracted, shrimp-shaped spikes of white tubular flowers over long spring to summer season. [23/14] (H*)

Lamium maculatum 'Aureum', "SPOTTED NETTLE" - Striking groundcover perennial or hanging basket plant for shade; light green & gold, toothed leaves w/ silver mid-stripe & spikes of pink flowers in summer. [32]

Lamium maculatum 'Pink Pewter', "SPOTTED NETTLE" - Striking groundcover perennial or hanging basket plant for shade; silver, toothed leaves w/ dark gray green margins, & pretty spikes of pink flowers in summer. [32]

Liriope 'Cassidy', "CASSIDY LILY TURF" - Unusual form of this versatile perennial for shade, patio or houseplant; handsome clumps of slender, strap-shaped, dark green leaves that are attractively curled. [3] (F*)

Liriope spicata 'Silver Dragon', "CREEPING LILY TURF" - Reliable & versatile groundcover for shade, wide-spreading by underground stems; handsome, grass-like, deep green leaves finely striped w/ white; can be invasive. [16]

Nephrolepis cordifolia, "TUBEROUS SWORD FERN" - Boston fern relative, among the easiest of true ferns w/ stiff, feather-like, bright green fronds; spreads by stolons; good in arrangements. [7] (F*)

Nephrolepis 'Kimberly Queen', "KIMBERLY QUEEN SWORD FERN" - Boston fern relative hardy enough for outdoors in mild Inland areas; gracefully arching, feather-like, bright green fronds to 3 ft. long; multiplies by wiry runners. [5] (F*)

Nephrolepis obliterata 'Medusa', "MEDUSA FERN" - Compact Boston fern relative hardy enough for landscape in mildest Inland areas; tight clumps of stiff, feather-shaped, bright green fronds to 1 ft. tall; multiplies by wiry runners. [19]

Ochna serrulata, "MICKY-MOUSE PLANT" - Evergreen shrub w/ narrow, finely serrated leaves & clusters of yellow flowers; after bloom sepals turn bright red in contrast to black fruits; acid soil. [3]

Odontonema strictum, "CARDINAL'S GUARD" - Fast-growing, bold, evergreen shrub for shade or part shade w/ handsome, deep green leaves & contrasting spikes of red, tubular flowers. [6] (H*F*)

Pellaea rotundifolia, "BUTTON FERN" - True fern, for landscape or patio/houseplant; tight clumps of fronds w/ dark main stem lined with round, deep green leaflets; near dry between waterings. [20]

Plectranthus ecklonii 'Alba', "WHITE SPUR FLOWER" - Fast-growing, shrubby perennial for shade, related to coleus; heart-shaped leaves & abundant, many-branched spikes of tiny, white flowers over long fall season. [5/4] (B*)

Plectranthus forsteri 'Marginatus', "WHITE-EDGED PLECTRANTHUS" - Viny perennial for light shade, related to coleus; velvety, medium green, ovate leaves margined irregularly creamy white; spikes of tiny, pale mauve flowers produced intermittently. [16] (B*W*)

Plectranthus fruticosa, "SPUR FLOWER" - Pretty, shrubby perennial w/ textured, heart-shaped leaves becomes covered in many branching spikes of tiny, blue-purple flowers in fall. [22] (B*)

Polypodium californicum 'Sarah Lyman', "CALIFORNIA POLYPODY" - Choice form of this, drought resistant, California native fern -- rich green, deeply-divided, fringed fronds that grow from a creeping rhizome; keep dry in summer. [32] (W*C*)

Polystichum polyblepharum, "JAPANESE TASSEL FERN" - Choice, true fern forming compact, fountain-like clump of long-triangular, intricately divided fronds that are dark green & shiny w/ rust brown bristles; landscape or containers. [7]

Polystichum setiferum 'Herrenhausen', "SOFT SHIELD FERN" - Choice, true fern forming compact, fountain-like clump of long-triangular, intricately divided fronds that are dark green w/ rust brown bristles; landscape or containers. [20]

Ribes viburnifolium, "CATALINA PERFUME" - Calif. native, evergreen, wide-spreading shrub for dry shade; handsome, shiny, dark green foliage is deliciously fruit scented; small, rose pink flowers in winter/spring. [20/3] (W*C*)

Salvia chiapensis, "CHIAPAS SAGE" - Perennial of open habit to 3 ft. tall by 4 ft. wide, w/ shiny, rich green leaves & erect, foot-long spikes of tubular, magenta flowers in summer; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*)

Satureja douglasii, "YERBA BUENA" - Callif. native, wide-spreading perennial w/ 1-in., rounded leaves w/ a powerful, mint fragrance & small, pale lavender flowers in summer; long used in teas. [32] (C*)

Schefflera arboricola, "HAWAIIAN ELF SCHEFFLERA" - Shrub for patio except during coldest weather, or houseplant all year; deep green, 6-in. leaves divided like a hand into 3-in. pointed leaflets; excellent container plant; flowers unimportant. [14]

Veltheimia bracteata, "VELTHEIMIA" - Choice bulb for light shade w/ handsome, wavy-edged, shiny foliage & long-stemmed, spike-like clusters of tubular, green-tipped pink flowers in late winter/early spring. [26] (H*F*)

Woodwardia fimbriata, "GIANT CHAIN FERN" - Hard to find, Calif. native, fern forming upright clumps of bright green, lacy fronds, the backs often with a chain-stitch pattern of spores; surprisingly tough once established. [12] (C*)

House & Patio Plants

Acalypha hispida, "CHENILLE PLANT" - Fast-growing, easy shrub for summer patio or houseplant; large, heart-shaped leaves & drooping, 5-in., crimson, chenille-like flower spikes through warm weather; pinch to promote bushiness. [8]

Aglaeonema commutatum, "CHINESE EVERGREEN" - Easy, clump-forming houseplant w/ long-stalked, deep, rich green leaves banded silvery green, pale green flowers & showy, orange-red, berry-like fruits. [5]

Aglaeonema modestum, "CHINESE EVERGREEN" - Clump forming, reliable houseplant w/ long-stalked, deep, rich green leaves, pale green flowers & showy, orange-red, berry-like fruits. [5]

Alocasia 'Polly', "AFRICAN MASK PLANT" - Handsome tropical w/ large, arrow-shaped leaves that are deep, glossy green w/ silvery-green main veins & scalloped margins, purple beneath; needs warmth & high humidity. [16/4]

Aporocactus flagelliformis, "RAT-TAIL CACTUS" - Tropical jungle cactus w/ slender, pendant stems covered in soft spines can hang to 6 ft. & bear showy, three-inch, red-purple flowers in late spring; water moderately, keep drier in winter. [6/6/4] (H*)

Asparagus setaceus, "FERN ASPARAGUS" - Evergreen, twining vine w/ wiry, thorny stems & paper-flat sprays of dark green, thread-like "leaves" that form fern-like sprays; tiny white flowers & blue berries; long lasting in flower arrangements. [16] (F*)

Asplenium nidus, "BIRD'S NEST FERN" - Distinctive true fern w/ vase-shaped rosette of broad, strap-shaped, apple-green fronds; indoors over winter, shady patio in summer; provide extra humidity but don't overwater. [16]

Begonia 'Burle Marx', "BEGONIA" - Striking summer patio/houseplant w/ kidney-shaped, textured leaves w/ elaborate silvery green & near black pattern & long-stemmed clusters of tiny white flowers; keep warm & humid. [4]

Begonia 'Prussen', "BEGONIA" - Shrubby begonia w/ succulent stems, small, wing-shaped, bronzy leaves & clusters of pink-blushed, white flowers w/ yellow centers in summer. [6] (H*)

Bromeliad - Billbergia amoena, "LIVING VASE" - Versatile, exotic perennial w/ urn-shaped clusters of coppery green leaves w/ creamy-white spots & cerise-bracted spikes of tubular, apple green & blue flowers; container or landscape. [5/4] (H*F*)

Bromeliad - Guzmania 'Diana', "LIVING VASE" - For patio in all but coldest weather; vase-like rosette of leathery, green, tapered leaves; tubular, white flowers born in exotic, long-lasting, yellow-bracted spikes. [4]

Bromeliad - Neoregelia punctatissima, "LIVING VASE" - Easy plant for patio in all but coldest weather; vase-like rosette of yellow-green leaves spotted maroon; violet-blue flowers born partly submerged in "vase" in center of plant. [8]

Bromeliad - Neoregelia 'Rio Red', "LIVING VASE" - Easy plant for patio in all but coldest weather; vase-like rosette of stiff leaves mottled bright red & green; violet flowers born partly submerged in "vase" in center of plant. [21]

Buddleia indica, "INDOOR OAK" - Handsome shrubby houseplant or summer patio plant w/ glossy, deep green leaves w/ wavy margins; prune or pinch to maintain bushiness (= Nicodemia diversifolia). [9]

Cissus tuberosa, (NO COMMON NAME) - Unusual, tender vine from Mexico w/ curious, irregularly swollen stems & pretty, snowflake-like, hand-shaped leaves; keep moist in summer, drier in winter. [4]

Codiaeum variegatum 'Icetone', "ICETONE CROTON" - Tropical shrub for patio in summer, house in winter; leathery, shiny leaves emerge yellow & green, then become irregularly marked rose red, dark green & peach; likes warmth and humidity. [16]

Coffea arabica, "COFFEE" - Handsome shrub w/ layered branches of deep green, lustrous leaves, clusters of small, fragrant, white flowers followed by deep red, coffee berries. [16/5] (S*)

Crossandra 'Florida', "FIRECRACKER FLOWER" - Choice but difficult tropical shrub w/ shiny, rich green leaves & gorgeous, four-sided clusters of brilliant orange, one-sided flowers in summer; needs warmth & humidity. [12]

Crossandra 'Sunshine', "FIRECRACKER FLOWER" - Choice but difficult tropical shrub w/ shiny, rich green leaves & gorgeous, four-sided clusters of brilliant orange, one-sided flowers in summer; needs warmth & humidity. [10]

Cryptanthus 'Red Star', "EARTH STAR" - Terrestrial bromeliad forming pretty rosettes of tapered, wavy-edged, maroon-red leaves w/ two bright rose red stripes; summer patio/houseplant or terrarium. [8]

Ctenanthe oppenheimiana 'Tricolor', "NEVER-NEVER PLANT" - Gorgeous prayer plant relative w/ long, oval, waxy leaves that are dark & gray green banded, then splashed white, the undersides wine red; provide extra humidity. [4]

Davallia mariesii var. stenolepis, "SQUIRREL'S FOOT FERN" - Easy & handsome true fern w/ very, finely divided fronds arising from furry, foot-like rhizomes; fine on patio in moss lined basket (aka. Davallia trichomannoides). [29]

Dracaena deremensis 'Lemon & Lime', "LEMON-LIME DRACAENA" - Striking Dracaena w/ rosettes of tapered , strap-shaped, deep green leaves w/ thin white & creamy green stripes in the center & broad, chartreuse-green bands along the edges. [6]

Dracaena sp. (Drysdale), "CORN-PLANT" - Unusual, shrubby Dracaena w/ slender, cane-like branches bearing rosettes of broad, leathery, lance-shaped leaves & clusters of small, white, deliciously fragrant flowers. [6]

Dracaena 'Ricki', "RICKI DRACAENA" - Striking Dracaena w/ cane-like stems topped w/ rosettes of tapered, strap-shaped, leathery leaves, these deep green w/ a broad, central chartreuse band in the center. [16]

Ecbolium viride, "ECBOLIUM" - Rare, tender perennial w/ long, pointed, dark green leaves & bracted spikes of spurred, orchid-like flowers in an unlikely shade of teal; unusual! [7]

Epiphyllum 'Pegasus', "ORCHID CACTUS" - Easy succulent perennial for containers on patio or under trees; flattened, arching, succulent stems produce huge, many petaled, glowing red flowers in spring. [10] (H*)

Ficus benjamina 'Variegata', "VARIEG. WEEPING BANYON" - Especially handsome Variegated form of this popular house/patio plant w/ graceful, drooping branches & shiny green, long-pointed leaves marbled w/ creamy white; good in containers. [16]

Ficus deltoidea, "MISTLETOE FIG" - Tropical shrub, grown as houseplant w/ distinctive, broadly spoon-shaped, bright green leaves & showy, pea-sized figs changing from yellow to orange to red. *LAST MINUTE ADDITION [6]

Ficus elastica, "RUBBER TREE" - Tough, tropical, evergreen tree w/ large, oval, shiny dark green leaves that emerge red-tinted; indoor or summer patio site, outdoors all year in mildest Inland areas. [4]

Ficus lyrata, "FIDDLELEAF FIG" - Tropical tree, grown as houseplant w/ thick, woody branches & leathery, shiny green, prominently veined leaves shaped like a fiddle; pinch when young to give fuller structure. [9]

Ficus microcarpa 'Variegata', "VARIEG. CHINESE BANYON" - Handsomely variegated form of this versatile tree w/ graceful, drooping branches & shiny green, blunt-tipped leaves marbled w/ creamy white; good in containers. [6]

Gynura aurantiaca 'Sarmentosa', "PURPLE VELVET PLANT" - Easy vining plant for patio in summer or houseplant during cool weather; leaves covered in dark purple velvet, 1/2 in. flowers orange, ill smelling; give good light for rich foliage color. [6]

Haemanthus albiflos, "SHAVINGBRUSH FLOWER" - Choice container plant for patio or bright site indoors; bold, flat, tongue-shaped leaves produce a thick stalk topped by white & gold, "shaving-brush" flower cluster in summer. [9] (F*)

Hatiora salicornioides, "DRUNKARD'S DREAM" - Orchid cactus relative forming a much branched, leafless plant w/ cylindrical, jointed stems that resemble whisky bottles & small, waxy yellow flowers; good hanging pot or basket plant. [8/8]

Hedera 'Pink & Very Curly', "PINK & VERY CURLY IVY" - Popular & easy woody, groundcover vine this cultivar w/ deep green, incredibly curly, almost parsley-like leaves that are pinkish when young. [4]

Hoya carnosa 'Krinkle 8', "WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent, irregularly quilted leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers in creamy white w/ a central pink star. [10]

Hoya coronaria, "WAX FLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, slightly hairy leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers colored white, blushed green & deliciously fragrant. [10] (S*)

Hoya keysii, "WAX FLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers colored white, blushed pink. [6]

Hoya macrophylla, "LARGE-LEAF WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ large (to 8 in.), green, succulent leaves w/ handsome, yellow green veination & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed chartreuse flowers w/ dark maroon centers. [10] (W*)

Hoya obovatum, "HEART-LEAF WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers in creamy white & a central rose-purple star; allow to dry slightly between waterings. [7] (W*)

Hydnophytum formicarum, "ANT PLANT" - Rare tropical plant w/ bizarre, aboveground, chambered "tuber", thick branches, leathery leaves, small white flowers & orange fruits; inhabited by ants in nature; dry between waterings. [4]

Impatiens 'African King', "AFRICAN KING IMPATIENS" - Rare, shrubby perennial w/ unusual, spurred, ruby red flowers over long season all along the stems; summer patio plant, bring indoors during cool weather. [6]

Justicia sp. (orange), "JUSTICIA" - Tropical shrub w/ bright green, pointed leaves & axillary clusters of glowing orange, tubular flowers over a long summer season. [6] (H*)

Neoalsomitra podagrica, "NEOALSOMITRA" - Unusual, tender vine from Malaysia grown forthe curious, swollen stem base w/ stout, green thorns & heart-shaped leaves; keep moist in summer, drier in winter. [4]

Nephrolepis cordifolia 'Jester's Crown', "JESTER'S CROWN FERN" - Compact Boston fern relative especially "house & patio hardy"; tight clumps of ruffled, feather-shaped, bright green fronds to 1 ft. tall; multiplies by wiry runners. [16/6]

Nephrolepis cordifolia 'Lemon Buttons', "LEMON BUTTONS FERN" - Diminuitive Boston fern relative hardy enough for landscape in mildest Inland areas; tight clumps of stiff, feather-shaped, bright green fronds to 6 in. tall; multiplies by wiry runners. [13]

Orchid -- Cymbidium finlaysonianum, "CYMBIDIUM ORCHID" - Philipine orchid w/ narrow, arching leaves & pendulous spikes of yellow-green orchid flowers w/ red stripes; heat tolerant; indoors if temperature drops below 40 degrees F. [5] (F*)

Orchid -- Cymbidium Kusuda Stone 'Gateau Chocola', "CYMBIDIUM ORCHID" - Easy-to-grow, cutflower favorite orchid w/ narrow, arching leaves & spikes of long-lasting, spotted green orchid flowers w/ fragrance of chocolate & vanilla; late summer/fall bloom; heat tolerant. [3/3] (F*S*)

Orchid -- Cymbidium Kusuda Stone 'Gateau Chocola', "CYMBIDIUM ORCHID" - Easy-to-grow, cutflower favorite orchid w/ narrow, arching leaves & spikes of long-lasting, spotted green orchid flowers w/ fragrance of chocolate & vanilla; late summer/fall bloom; heat tolerant. [3] (F*S*)

Orchid -Epidendrum hybrid (Assorted), "REED-STEMMED EPIDENDRUM" - Easy-to-grow orchids; tall, reed-like stems lined w/ succulent leaves & topped by clusters of small orchid flowers w/ fringed lips in assorted colors; bloom in warm weather; protect from frost. [20] (F*)

Orchid -Epidendrum hybrid (Cerise), "REED-STEMMED EPIDENDRUM" - Easy-to-grow orchids; tall, reed-like stems lined w/ succulent leaves & topped by clusters of small, cerise, orchid flowers w/ fringed lips; bloom in warm weather; protect from frost. [2] (F*)

Orchid -Epidendrum hybrid (Coral), "REED-STEMMED EPIDENDRUM" - Easy-to-grow orchids; tall, reed-like stems lined w/ succulent leaves & topped by clusters of small, coral-orange, orchid flowers from pink buds; bloom in warm weather; protect from frost. [2] (F*)

Orchid -Epidendrum hybrid (Gold), "REED-STEMMED EPIDENDRUM" - Easy-to-grow orchids; tall, reed-like stems lined w/ succulent leaves & topped by clusters of small, gold-colored, orchid flowers w/ fringed lips; bloom in warm weather; protect from frost. [6] (F*)

Orchid -Epidendrum hybrid (Orange & Gold), "REED-STEMMED EPIDENDRUM" - Easy-to-grow orchids; tall, reed-like stems lined w/ succulent leaves & topped by clusters of small, orange & gold orchid flowers w/ fringed lips; bloom in warm weather; protect from frost. [3] (F*)

Orchid -Epidendrum hybrid (Purple), "REED-STEMMED EPIDENDRUM" - Easy-to-grow orchids; tall, reed-like stems lined w/ succulent leaves & topped by clusters of small, purple orchid flowers w/ fringed lips; bloom in warm weather; protect from frost. [5] (F*)

Orchid - Ludisia (Haemaria) discolor, "JEWEL ORCHID" - Choice, true orchid w/ rosettes of tapered, velvety, near black leaves w/ glowing orange-red filagree veins; 1/2 in., sparkling white flowers in tall spikes; likes warmth & high humidity. [4]

Orchid - Oncidium sphacelatum, "DANCING-LADY ORCHID" - For bright filtered light; indoors all year OR outdoors April to October; tall, branching spikes bearing hundreds of 1-in., bright yellow, crinkled flowers spotted & barred red-brown. [7] (F*)

Orchid - Oncidium Twinkle, "ONCIDIUM ORCHID" - Outdoors in all but coldest weather, small plant w/ many branching spikes of crinkled vanilla-scented flowers in white, pink or yellow. [3] (F*S*)

Pachypodium lamerei, "MADAGASCAR PALM" - Peculiar succulent tree w/ thickened, spiny trunk topped by palm-like head of strap-shaped leaves; water only when soil is dry, especially in winter. [16] (W*)

Pachystachys lutea, "GOLDEN CANDLE" - Tender shrub for patio in summer or houseplant; bright green, 6 in. leaves w/ stems topped by dense spike of bright yellow bracts & white tubular flowers over long summer season. [8]

Pandanus veitchii, "VEITCH SCREW PINE" - Rare palm-like plant for house or outdoors during warm weather; long, gracefully arching leaves arranged spirally on slowly developing trunk. [6]

Pentas lanceolata (pink), "PINK STAR CLUSTERS" - Tender, shrubby perennial for patio in summer, house in winter; compact clusters of starry, pinkr flowers produced over long summer season; good cut flower. [9] (B*F*)

Peperomia caperata 'Red Robin', "EMERALD RIPPLE" - Small, mounding houseplant w/ heartshaped, deeply "corrugated," red-backed leaves on bright red stalks & unusual slender spikes of tiny white flowers in late summer; dry between waterings. [16]

Peperomia 'Ginny', "PEPEROMIA" - Easy houseplant w/ thick red stems & succulent, oval leaves variously marked green, cream & red; slender spikes of tiny white flowers in late summer; dry between waterings. [4]

Peperomia obtusifolia, "PEPPERFACE" - Easy houseplant w/ jointed stems lined w/ shiny, deep green, rounded leaves; minute, white flowers held in a long, rattail-like spike; allow soil to dry before watering. [4]

Peperomia obtusifolia 'Variegata', "VARIEGATED PEPPERFACE" - Easy houseplant w/ jointed stems lined w/ shiny, deep green, rounded leaves handsomely marked creamy white; minute, white flowers held in a long, rattail-like spike; allow soil to dry before watering. [4]

Philodendron 'Autumn', "PHILODENDRON" - Tropical perennial forming a dense rosette of 10-in., shiny, arrow-shaped leaves that emerge bright chartreuse, then turn green; houseplant or summer patio plant. [4]

Piper ornatum, "CELEBES PEPPER" - Vining houseplant w/ shiny, heart-shaped, olive-green leaves that are red below & handsomely veined & mottled above w/ metallic pink. [5]

Plectranthus (pink veined), "PLECTRANTHUS" - We're temporarily calling this "Plectranthus" for want of a better name; small house plant w/ rounded leaves that are rather spectacularly veined in pink. [6]

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Kauka Wilder', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, extra large, deep rose pink flowers blushed yellow in the centers. [3/2] (B*S*)

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Nebel's Rainbow', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of spicely fragrant, extra large, funnel-shaped, flowers colored red, yellow & white. [4] (B*S*)

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Pink Blush', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, extra large, funnel-shaped, flowers - pale pink w/ rose pink margins. [3] (B*S*)

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Puu Kahea', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched, shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, extra large, funnel-shaped flowers colored yellow w/ pink & white stripes. [5] (B*S*)

Plumeria 'Guillot's Sunset', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of 3.5-in., funnel-shaped, yellow & red flowers over long summer season; especially spicy fragrance. [7/3] (B*S*)

Plumeria 'Hausten White', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, funnel-shaped, white flowers in summer; sweetly fragrant. [8] (B*S*)

Plumeria 'Hawaiian Yellow', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, funnel-shaped, yellow flowers over long summer season. [10] (B*S*)

Plumeria (pink), "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Named varieties of this heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, funnel-shaped, pink flowers over long summer season. [8] (B*S*)

Plumeria (white with red), "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of 3.5-in., funnel-shaped, white & red, candystripe flowers over long summer season. [8/2] (B*S*)

Polyscias scutellaria 'Fabian', "DINNER-PLATE ARALIA" - Choice, slow-growing shrub for patio during warm weather or as houseplant; spotted, cane-like stems bear near round, dark green, leathery leaves w/ purplish undersides; water carefully. [3]

Porphyrocoma pohliana, "ROSE PINE" - Compact plant w/ long, deep green, silver-veined leaves & purple, tubular flowers produced much of the year from a long lasting, cone-like spike of bright red bracts. [9]

Pseuderanthemum atro. 'Tricolor', "MARBLE PLANT" - Tender shrub for patio in summer or houseplant during cold weather; long, shiny leaves handsomely marbled in purple, green & white; flowers inconspicuous. [6]

Pteris nipponica, "BRAKE FERN" - Easy true fern w/ short-creeping rhizome, long, wiry stems & leathery fronds with narrow divisions, colored green w/ creamy-white along the veins; moderate watering. [8]

Rhipsalidopsis gaertneri (red), "EASTER CACTUS" - Old-fashioned favorite; flattened, jointed, succulent stems & an abundance of bright red, trumpet-shaped flowers w/ many satiny petals in spring & fall. [8]

Rhipsalidopsis gaertneri (red-purple), "EASTER CACTUS" - Old-fashioned favorite; flattened, jointed, succulent stems & an abundance of deep red-purple, trumpet-shaped flowers w/ many satiny petals in spring & fall. [8]

Rhipsalis cruciforme, "RHIPSALIS" - Unusual orchid cactus relative forming a much branched, leafless plant w/ angled, red-tinged stems & satin-petaled, starry, pink flowers; good hanging pot or basket plant. [13]

Schaueria flavicoma, "SCHAUERIA" - Choice jacobinia relative w/ bright green, tapered leaves & dense, brush-like, spikes of tubular, yellow flowers w/ long-bristled calyces in summer. [10] (H*)

Schefflera arboricola, "HAWAIIAN ELF SCHEFFLERA" - Shrub for patio except during coldest weather, or houseplant all year; deep green, 6-in. leaves divided like a hand into 3-in. pointed leaflets; excellent container plant; flowers unimportant. [9]

Schefflera arboricola 'Variegata', "HAWAIIAN ELF SCHEFFLERA" - Shrub for patio except during coldest weather, or houseplant all year; deep green, 6-in. leaves divided like a hand into 3-in. pointed leaflets; leaves deep green marbled w/ cream; excellent container plant; flowers unimportant. [6]

Senecio radicans, "CROCODILE TEARS" - Easy & unusual succulent perennial w/ tapered, bead-like leaves, each w/ a narrow, clear "window"; tufted white flowers in late winter; best in container in filtered light. [6] (B*W*)

Spathiphyllum 'Domino', "PEACE PLANT" - Easy houseplant w/ dependable bloom; deep green pointed leaves, handsomely marbled white & elegant, long-stalked flowers composed of a pure white, flag-like spathe & central white spadix. [6] (F*)

Spathiphyllum hybrid, "PEACE PLANT" - Easy houseplant w/ dependable bloom; deep green pointed leaves & elegant, long-stalked flowers composed of a pure white, flag-like spathe & central white spadix. [8] (F*)

Spathiphyllum 'Viscount', "PEACE PLANT" - Medium-sized selection of this easy houseplant w/ dependable bloom; deep green pointed leaves & elegant, long-stalked flowers composed of a pure white, flag-like spathe & central white spadix. [3] (F*)

Streptocarpella 'Concord Blue', "STREPTOCARPELLA" - Pretty African violet relative excellent for hanging containers; small, fuzzy, succulent leaves & funnel-shaped, lavender-blue flowers over long season. Sunset zones 19-24. [8] (H*)

Strobilanthes dyerianus, "PERSIAN-SHIELD" - Handsome shrubby perennial w/ lance-shaped leaves that are purple below & iridescent above; for summer patio or houseplant during cool weather; flowers inconspicuous [4]

Syngonium podophyllum 'Allusion Red', "ARROWHEAD VINE" - Unusual form of this easy-to-grow houseplant favorite w/ vining stems & arrow-shaped leaves that are slightly "waffled", russeted pale green, veined & blushed bronze. [6]

Thunbergia erecta, "KING'S MANTLE" - Tender shrub, best as summer patio plant & brought indoors during cold weather; 3-in. deep green leaves & tubular, rich blue-purple flowers w/ yellow throats over long spring/summer season. [10] (H*)

Tillandsia aeranthos, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; slender, arched, gray-green leaves eventually forming a ball & spikes of tubular, indigo flowers from rose red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [13] (H*)

Tillandsia aeranthos (seedlings), "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; slender, arched, gray-green leaves eventually forming a ball & spikes of tubular, indigo flowers from rose red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [16] (H*)

Tillandsia albertiana, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; tiny plant w/ slender, arched, frosted leaves arranged in 2-ranks & small, cherry red, trumpet shaped flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [16] (H*)

Tillandsia bulbosa, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; small plant w/ tentacle-like leaves from a frosted, bulbous base & tubular, violet flowers w/ brilliant red bracts in fall/winter; best indoors. [15] (H*)

Tillandsia butzii, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; olive green, tentacle-like leaves from a bulbous base & tubular violet flowers in red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors in protected spot. [24] (H*)

Tillandsia caerulea, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; long, slender, gray-fuzzy leaves & tiny, deep blue-purple, sweetly scented, trumpet-shaped flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [19] (H*S*)

Tillandsia caput-medusae, "MEDUSA'S HEAD" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; tentacle-like leaves from a bulbous base, white-fuzzy throughout, & tubular violet flowers in bright red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [9] (H*)

Tillandsia circinnata prolifera, "AIR PLANT" - "Air plant" grows without soil; long, narrow, curved & twisted, silver-green leaves & long spikes of small, violet flowers & a "pup" forming a new plant near the tip; best outdoors. [12]

Tillandsia duratii, "AIR PLANT" - Adaptable"air plant" grows without soil; slender, curiously curled, silver-green leaves & long spikes of small, violet & white, fragrant flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [14] (H*S*)

Tillandsia fasciculata, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arched, silver-green leaves & large spikes of tubular, violet flowers from green & red, paddle-shaped bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [20] (H*)

Tillandsia filifolia, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; symmetrical cluster of slender, gray-green leaves & purple-bracted spikes of tubular, white flowers; best outdoors; hummingbird favorite. [7] (H*)

Tillandsia fuchsii, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; small cluster of slender, white-fuzzy leaves & red-bracted spikes of tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors; hummingbird favorite. [22] (H*)

Tillandsia geminiflora hybrid, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; small rosette of tapered, gray green,-fuzzy leaves & pink-bracted spikes of tubular, dark pink flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors; hummingbird favorite. [23] (H*)

Tillandsia ionantha 'Peanut', "AIR PLANT" - Dwarf form of this unusual "air plant" w/ pointed, white leaves arranged in a tight rosette that turns crimson in bloom; tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [13] (H*)

Tillandsia ionantha 'Rosita', "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" w/ pointed, frosty leaves arranged in a tight rosette that turns deep red in bloom; tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [18] (H*)

Tillandsia ionantha (Mexico), "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" w/ pointed, white leaves arranged in a tight rosette that turns crimson in bloom; tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [4] (H*)

Tillandsia latifolia, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arched, gray-green leaves & red- & orange-bracted, branching spikes of tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [20] (H*)

Tillandsia meridionalis, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; rosettes of arched, silver-green, velvety & large spikes of tubular, white flowers from pink bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [6] (H*)

Tillandsia montana, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; rosettes of tapered, arched, bright green leaves & spikes of tubular, violet flowers w/ rose red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [13] (H*)

Tillandsia neglecta, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; rosettes of arched, gray-green, velvety leaves & short, reddish-bracted spikes of tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [22] (H*)

Tillandsia pruinosa, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arching leaves from a bulbous base, olive green & fuzzy & compact spikes of tubular violet flowers in red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [23] (H*)

Tillandsia pseudobaileyi, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arching, olive green, waxy leaves from a slender, bulbous base & branched spikes of tubular violet blue flowers in red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [20] (H*)

Tillandsia recurvata, "BALL MOSS" - Toughest of "air plants" - a tiny, branching plant eventually forming a compact ball, w/ slender, arched leaves, often found growing on telephone wires & cacti; best outdoors. [29]

Tillandsia usneoides, "SPANISH MOSS" - Among most unusual of plants; true "air" plant for protected patio location; best hanging among other plants where humidity is highest; water daily in hottest weather, less in winter; tiny flowers in summer. [20]

Tillandsia velutina, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; rosette of tapered, gray green, fuzzy leaves that blush red in bloom; violet blue, tubular flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors; hummingbird favorite. [16] (H*)

Tradescantia spathacea, "MOSES-IN-THE-BOAT" - Easy-to-grow house/patio plant forming handsome clumps of dark green, sword-shaped leaves that are purple below; small white flowers in curious boat-shaped bracts. [5]

Tropaeolum tricolor, "TRICOLOR NASTURTIUM" - Rare, summer dormant vine from Chile w/ thread-like stems, tiny, hand-shaped leaves & dainty red, yellow & purple, tubular flowers; hummingbird favorite; best in containers; summer dry. [6] (H*W*)

Turnera ulmifolia, "WEST INDIAN HOLLY" - Semi-shrubby tropical plant w/ long, deep green, toothed leaves & bright yellow, funnel-shaped flowers opening in the morning & closing by noon, these produced through warm weather. [12]

Zamioculcas zamiifolia, "ZAMIOCULCAS" - Unusual calla lily relative w/ thick stemmed, cycad-like leaves & succulent, oval leaflets w/ an almost mirror-like shine; flowers not showy; keep on the dry side. [8]

Water Plants

Acorus gramineus 'Masamune', "VARIEGATED SWEET FLAG" - Handsome grasslike plant forming tight clumps of slender, cream-margined leaves; especially useful for water feature margins & containers. [20]

Acorus gramineus 'Pusillus', "DWARF SWEET FLAG" - Handsome grasslike plant forming dwarf, tufted clumps of slender, dark green foliage; especially useful for water feature margins & containers. [13]

Bidens laevis, "BUR-MARIGOLD" - Calif. native, wetland perennial w/ lance-shaped leaves & an abundance of 3-in., yellow daisy flowers w/ yellow centers in fall when few other natives are in bloom. [3] (B*C*)

Eichhornia crassipes, "WATER HYACINTH" - Unusual & easy water plant w/ bulbous stems topped by shiny, rounded leaves & thick spikes of 2 in., orchid-like, lilac blue flowers in summer; floats on water surface. [25]

Equisetum hyemale, "COMMON SCOURING RUSH" - One-of-a-kind, primative plant w/ tall, cylindrical, jointed stems from an underground, creeping rhizome; for wet site or pond side; extremely invasive so best kept in containers. [18] (C*)

Hibiscus lasiocarpa (H. californicus), "ROSE-MALLOW" - Endangered, Calif. native shrubby perennial from Sacramento Delta area; heart-shaped, toothed leaves & 4-6 in. creamy white flowers w/ deep red centers in summer; marsh plant. [5] (H*B*)

Iris pseudacoris, "YELLOW FLAG" - Vigorous, rhizomatous perennial w/ sword-shaped foliage to 5 ft. topped w/ showy, yellow flowers in spring; good vertical accent near water feature. [25] (H*)

Lobelia cardinalis 'Queen Victoria', "CARDINAL FLOWER" - Perennial for moist site w/ rich soil in very light shade or part sun; rosette of narrow, reddish leaves & a 2-4 ft. spike of glowing red, tubular, 2-lipped flowers in summer; hummingbird favorite. [8] (H*)

Marsilea macropoda, "WATER CLOVER" - Uncommon fern for pond, waterside, groundcover or container culture; long-stalked, velvety, "4-leaf clover" leaves, arise from slender, creeping rhizome. [4]

Mimulus guttatus, "YELLOW MONKEYFLOWER" - Calif. native, waterside annual that reseeds readily; succulent, hollow stems w/ bright green, oval leaves & snapdragon-like, bright yellow, red-spotted flowers over long spring season. [25] (H*B*C*F*)

Pontederia cordata, "PICKEREL WEED" - Aquatic plant w/ long-stalked, heart-shaped leaves held well above the water & long stems topped w/ a compact spike of bright blue flowers. [10/10] (H*C*)

Scirpus cernuus, "FIBER OPTICS GRASS" - Calif. native, grass-like plant forming clumps of graceful, bright green, hair-like stems, each tipped w/ a tiny white flower structure; for moist or wet situation. [6] (C*)

Wildflower Seeds

Ammi majus, "QUEEN ANNE'S LACE" (Plant in fall or early winter) Mediterranean native; a tall annual w/ feathery foliage and long-stemmed, flat-topped, lacy clusters of tiny, white flowers; excellent cut flower. Reseeds readily. (B*W*F*)

Anagalis arvensis var. coerulea, "POOR-MAN'S WEATHER GLASS" (Plant in fall or early winter) Poor-man's weather glass is an easily-grown, spreading annual that covers itself with half-inch, rich delphinium-blue flowers in late winter and spring. Few plants so easily grown provide this color for the garden. The common name comes from the fact that the flowers close during cloudy weather. It is native to the Mediterranean and is well adapted to our climate.

Baileya multiradiata, "DESERT-MARIGOLD" (Plant in fall or early winter) Desert perennial to 2 ft. tall w/ grayish foliage & 1 1/2 in., yellow daisy heads over a long period, in both spring & fall. Best in well-drained soil or on slopes. (B*W*C*F*)

Centaurea cyanus, "CORNFLOWER", "BACHELOR'S BUTTON" (Plant in spring/early summer) Cornflower is a striking, old-fashioned annual. The 1 to 1 1/2 inch flowers are a luscious blue, giving the name to "cornflower blue". The leaves are narrow and silvery, providing a striking combination with the flowers. Cornflower is easy to grow and the flowers last well cut in arrangements. (B*F*)

Chrysanthemum carinatum, "PAINTED DAISY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Painted daisy is a colorful annual native to Morocco. The 2 to 3-inch flowers come in red, yellow, orange, white and purple, often containing a combination of the above colors. The leaves are finely divided and give the plants a delicate, ferny appearance. Painted daisy is easy to grow and the cut flowers last well in arrangements. (B*W*F*)

Clarkia amoena, "FAREWELL-TO-SPRING" (Plant in fall or early winter) Heralding the arrival of summer, farewell-to-spring is among the last of our spring wildflowers to bloom. The 2-inch, poppy-like flowers are pink to lavender, often with a splash of bright red at the center, and are born in succession from the top of long stems. The entire stem may be cut for a long-lasting succession of bloom indoors. Extremely easy to grow. Grows to 2 feet tall. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia bottae, "SHOWY FAREWELL-TO-SPRING" (Plant in fall or early winter) Heralding the arrival of summer, farewell-to-spring is among the last of our spring wildflowers to bloom. The 1 1/2-inch, poppy-like flowers are rosy-pink, and are born in succession from the top of long stems. The entire stem may be cut for a long-lasting succession of bloom indoors. Extremely easy to grow. Grows to 1 1/2 feet tall. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia pulchella `Confetti Mixed', "DEERHORN CLARKIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) "Deerhorn clarkia" is an easy to grow, late-spring flowering, California native wildflower. It bears tall, slender spikes of unusual, dainty flowers with antler-like petals in shades of lavender, pink, purple and magenta. Extremely long lasting in cutflower arrangements, the flowers continuing to open on the spikes for days. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia purpurea, "WINECUP CLARKIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) Among the latest blooming of our California native, spring wildflowers. The 1/4 to 1 inch, bowl-shaped flowers are lavender to deep purple and are born in succession from the top of long stems; often there is a red or purple spot near the base of each petal. The entire stem may be cut for a long-lasting succession of bloom indoors. Easy to grow. To 1 foot tall or more. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia unguiculata, "CLARKIA," "MOUNTAIN GARLAND" (Plant in fall or early winter) Mountain garland is one of our most distinctive late-spring wildflowers. It bears tall spikes of unusual, rose-pink flowers with antler-like petals. Extremely long lasting in cutflower arrangements, the flowers continuing to open on the spikes for days. (H*W*C*F*)

Collinsia heterophylla, "CHINESE HOUSES" (Plant in fall or early winter) Chinese houses are among the few California wildflowers that prefer partial shade. They get their common name from the dainty, tiered arrangement of white and rose or white and violet, snapdragon-like flowers. The plants are 1 to 2 feet tall and are used to advantage in the partially shaded border, as a bulb cover, or mixed with other shade tolerant wildflowers. (C*F*)

Coreopsis tinctoria, "RED PLAINS COREOPSIS" (Plant in spring/early summer) Red plains coreopsis is an easy-to-grow, heat-loving annual for summer and fall bloom. Plants grow to 3 feet and bear sprightly, daisy-like flowers that are bright yellow and maroon. Reseeds readily and makes a fine cut flower. (B*F*)

Cosmos bipinnatus, "COSMOS" (Plant in spring/early summer) Cosmos is a charming, old-fashioned summer annual with 3-inch, daisy-like flowers in shades of purple, lavender and rose. Plants are tall, from 3-5 feet, and foliage is dark green and ferny. They require only moderate watering. Excellent cut flower. (B*F*)

Cosmos sulphureus `Bright Lights Mix', "SULPHUR COSMOS MIXED" (Plant in spring/early summer) Sulphur cosmos is among the easiest of summer annuals. It has 3-inch, daisy-like flowers in bright yellow, orange, gold and scarlet-orange that are fine for cutting. Plants grow 2 to 3 feet tall and bloom quickly from seed. They require only moderate watering. (B*F*)

Cynoglossum amabile, "CHINESE FORGET-ME-NOT" (Plant in fall or early winter) Chinese forget-me-not is an easy-to-grow biennial that performs as an annual in our mild climate. The foot-tall plants have hairy, tongue-shaped leaves and generous, coiled clusters of small, true "forget-me-not" blue flowers with tiny white centers. Flowers are born over a long spring/summer season, especially if lightly shaded. Flowers attract butterflies and make fine cutflowers. (B*F*)

Delphinium ajacis or Consolida ambigua, "LARKSPUR" (Plant in fall or early winter) Larkspur is a popular, old-fashioned annual that produces tall spikes of ruffly flowers in shades of vibrant blue, lilac, pink or white. The two- to three- foot plants have lacy, dark green foliage and are particularly nice placed toward the back of the flower bed or sown in mixed wildflower displays. Larkspur is an excellent cutflower. (H*B*W*F*)

Digitalis purpurea, "COMMON FOXGLOVE" (Plant in fall or early winter) Easy, old-fashioned favorite biennial with a bold rosette of tongue-shaped leaves and tall (to 3 feet) spires of pendulous, trumpet-shaped, purple flowers in spring or early summer. Reseeds freely and is loved by hummingbirds. For sun, light shade, or part day shade. Seeds sown in spring or early fall should bloom the following spring or summer. (H*F*)

Dimorphotheca pluvialis, "WHITE AFRICAN DAISY" (Plant in fall or early winter) White African daisy is a spreading annual that covers itself in glistening white flowers in late winter, spring and early summer. It is easy to grow and will do well with only moderate watering. White African daisy is good for naturalizing as it reseeds readily. (B*W*)

Dimorphotheca sinuata, "ANNUAL AFRICAN DAISY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Annual African daisy is an extremely easy, floriferous, low-growing, annual, bearing many 2-inch daisies in yellow, orange, apricot and salmon. They are good for naturalizing as they reseed readily.(B*W*)

Eschscholzia caespitosa, "DWARF CALIFORNIA POPPY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Quite different from the regular California poppy, E. caespitosa is a smaller plant with sprightly, 1-inch, lemon yellow flowers. The foliage is ferny and silvery-green in color. This showy annual is excellent for naturalizing -- readily reseeding itself. (W*C*)

Eschscholzia californica, "CALIFORNIA POPPY" (Plant in fall or early winter) The ever popular California poppy is a showy perennial, usually grown as an annual. Bright orange-yellow, 2-inch flowers are born above ferny, silvery-green foliage from late winter to early summer (bloom often begins in October from over-summering plants). Excellent for naturalizing - the California poppy often reseeds itself. (W*C*F*)

Eschscholzia californica, "CALIFORNIA POPPY - INLAND AREA GENOTYPE" (Plant in fall or early winter) The Inland Empire (Riverside, CA and vicinity) genotype of the popular California poppy . This California poppy is a showy annual with bright orange-yellow, 2-inch flowers born above ferny, silvery-green foliage from late winter to early summer. Excellent for naturalizing in Inland areas - the California poppy will reseed itself. (W*C*F*)

Gaillardia pulchella, "BLANKET FLOWER" (Plant in spring/early summer) Blanket flower is an easily grown summer annual producing 2-foot mounds of bicolored flowers over a long season. The distinctive flowers vary in color from nearly all yellow to red with yellow edges to nearly all red. Fine cut flower and quite water efficient. (B*W*F*)

Gilia capitata, "GLOBE GILIA," "BLUE THIMBLE FLOWER" (Plant in fall or early winter) Globe gilia is a late season native California wildflower that produces globe-shaped clusters of violet-blue flowers with blue pollen. It grows to about 2 feet tall (though it is usually smaller) and its relatively shallow roots make it an excellent bulb cover. Globe gilia is especially nice planted closely en masse or planted among other wildflowers. (B*W*C*F*)

Gilia leptantha, "SHOWY BLUE GILIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) Showy blue gilia is a dainty, California native annual with ferny foliage and half-inch, violet-pink flowers in spring & early summer (sow in fall or winter). (B*W*C*F*)

Gilia tricolor, "BIRD'S-EYE GILIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) Bird's-eye gilia is an attractive wildflower that produces clusters of small violet flowers with yellow throats. It has fine, ferny foliage and looks best planted en masse or mixed with other wildflowers. (B*W*C*F*)

Lasthenia glabrata, "GOLDFIELDS" (Plant in fall or early winter) Adaptable California native that often carpets acres of grassland with its yellow, daisy flowers; from 6 in. to 1.5 ft. tall depending on soil & moisture conditions. Yellow, daisy-like flower heads to 1 in. across. (B*W*C*)

Layia platyglossa, "TIDY TIPS" (Plant in fall or early winter) Tidy tips are among California's most eye-catching annual wildflowers. They bear an abundance of 2-inch, yellow, daisy-like flowers with the ends of each "petal" tipped with pure white, thus the common name "tidy tips". The plants are up to 15 inches tall and are most stunning planted en masse (as they occur in the wild) or mixed with other wildflowers. (B*W*C*)

Limonium perezii, "SEA LAVENDER" (Plant any time) A bold, water efficient perennial with large, leathery, rounded leaves and long-stemmed, many-branched clusters of tiny white flowers, each surrounded by papery, purple bracts. The flowers are long lasting either fresh or dry in arrangements and are attractive to butterflies. (B*W*F*)

Limonium sinuatum, "STATICE" (Plant in fall or early spring) Listed as summer annual but definitely perennial at the Botanic Gardens if not kept too wet in summer; tough plant with lobed leaves and clusters of flowers born on long, winged stems; flowers w/ papery purple calyx and tiny white flowers, nearly all year; popular cut flower fresh or dry (the statice of florists); reseeds freely.

Linanthus grandiflorus, "MOUNTAIN PHLOX" (Plant in fall or early winter) "Mountain phlox" is a handsome California native wildflower that produces clusters of 1-inch white, funnel-shaped flowers with a pink tinge. It has fine, ferny foliage and is attractive planted en masse or mixed with other wildflowers. (B*W*C*)

Linaria maroccana, "TOADFLAX," "BABY SNAPDRAGON" (Plant in fall or early winter) The rainbow colors of toadflax flowers always seem to draw attention. The small but abundant, snapdragon-like flowers are produced in dense spikes and come in white, red, yellow, pink, blue-violet, purple, mauve and combinations of these colors. The plants grow up to about 1 1/2 feet tall and bear their flowers over a long period. They combine nicely with other "wildflowers" and are excellent for cutflower arrangements. (B*W*F*)

Linaria reticulata, "PURPLE-NET TOADFLAX" (Plant in fall or early winter) Purple-net toadflax is an easy-to-grow, cool-season annual with long, many-flowered spikes of small, snapdragon-shaped flowers over a long season; flowers are purple, intricately veined w/ yellow. (B*W*F*)

Linum grandiflorum `Rubrum', "SCARLET FLAX" (Plant in fall or early winter) Scarlet flax is an easy-to-grow north African wildflower that produces branching sprays of 1 to 1 1/2 inch scarlet, poppy-like flowers on tall stems. It is excellent for planting among other flowers or in dense patches by itself. It will self-sow readily but is never invasive. It makes a delicate addition to mixed flower arrangements. (H*W*F*)

Lupinus densiflorus var. aureus `Ed Gedling', "GOLDEN LUPINE" (Plant in fall or early winter) Golden lupine is a 2-foot showy annual with tall, dense spikes of golden yellow, pea-like flowers. The rich yellow color combines well with most other wildflowers, but is particularly nice with baby blue-eyes or arroyo lupine. The plants require only moderate watering once they are established. (H*B*C*F*)

Lupinus nanus, "SKY LUPINE" (Plant in fall or early winter) A widely adapted, California native annual with hand-shaped leaves and dense spikes of rich blue and white, pea-flowers. It is especially nice planted in combination with California poppies. (W*C*)

Lupinus succulentus, "ARROYO LUPINE" (Plant in fall or early winter) The arroyo lupine is one of the most planted wildflowers along roadsides in southern California. The many-branched plants are annuals growing to two feet or more and bearing tall, dense spikes of deep purple, pea-like flowers. They are very easy to grow and combine particularly well with California poppies. (H*B*C*F*)

Mentzelia lindleyi, "BLAZING STAR" (Plant in fall or early winter) Blazing star is a dramatic California native annual growing to 3 feet. It has sandpapery leaves and bears 2.5-inch, bright yellow, fragrant flowers that open in the evening, and remain open the next morning. (W*C*)

Nemophila maculata, "FIVESPOT" (Plant in fall or early winter) Fivespot is one of California's most distinctive wildflowers. It gets its name from the unusual cup-shaped flowers which are white with one large purple dot at the tip of each of the five lobes. As with its close relative, baby-blue-eyes, it is one of the few wildflowers that succeed in partial shade. The plants are about 6 inches high and somewhat spreading and make an excellent bulb cover. (C*)

Nemophila menziesii, "BABY BLUE EYES" (Plant in fall or early winter) Baby blue eyes is one of the easiest of our California wildflowers to grow and one of the few that succeeds in part shade. Its one-inch, sky blue flowers are born freely on 6 to 10 inch plants in the spring. The low stature and spreading habit make baby blue eyes an excellent bulb cover. (W*C*)

Papaver rhoeas, "CORN POPPY," "FLANDERS POPPY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Corn poppy is a striking cool-weather annual famous for its mass natural displays in its native Europe and Asia. It is very easy to grow and will self-sow readily though it is never invasive. The corn poppy is excellent in mixed wildflower displays, or massed in beds alone. The flowers may be cut for long-lasting arrangements; cut them just as they open and heat the cut end with a flame or hot water before placing in cool water. Cut off the forming seed capsules to prolong blooming. (W*F*)

Penstemon spectabilis, "SHOWY PENSTEMON" (Plant in fall or early winter) Showy penstemon is one of California's most striking native plants. It has waxy, gray-green foliage and tall spikes of lavender-purple and blue, tubular flowers. Showy penstemon needs perfect drainage and little if any, summer water. Hummingbirds love it. (H*W*C*F*)

Phacelia campanularia, "WILD CANTERBURY BELLS" (Plant in fall or early winter) One of the most spectacular of California's many Phacelia species, wild Canterbury bells' profusion of royal blue flowers always draws attention. The 3/4 inch flowers are born in uncoiling sprays held above the silvery-green foliage from early March to summer if watered occasionally during dry spells. (H*W*C*F*)

Phacelia minor, "WILD CANTERBURY BELLS" (Plant in fall or early winter) One of the most spectacular of the Inland Empire's wildflowers, wild Canterbury bells' profusion of rich violet-purple, bell-shaped flowers is striking. The 3/4 inch flowers are born in uncoiling, branching spikes held above the bronzy-green foliage from early March to summer if watered occasionally during dry spells. (H*W*C*F*)

Ratibida columnifera, "MEXICAN HAT" (Plant in spring/early summer) Mexican hat is a prairie & western states native perennial that will bloom the first year from seed. One- to three-foot, bushy plants bear deeply divided, ferny leaves. The unusual, sombrero-shaped flower heads have a 1 1/2 inch central column with 1 inch, drooping "petals" in mahogany red & yellow. Mexican hat blooms in summer/fall & is a fine cutflower. (B*W*F*)

Tropaeolum majus `Dwarf Jewel Mix', "DWARF NASTURTIUM" (Plant in fall or early winter) Compact form of this old fashioned cool season annual with many virtues. Handsome, long-stalked, shield-shaped leaves and deliciously fragrant, funnel-shaped, spurred flowers in glowing colors: yellow, orange, vermillion, red. Flowers, young leaves and unripe seeds are spicy and edible in salads. One of the easiest plants to grow from seed, excellent for children to plant. Can be perennial if watered in summer. For sun, part sun, or light shade. (H*B*F*S*)

Verbena tenuisecta, "MOSS VERBENA" (Plant in spring or early summer) This is a tough and easy groundcover forming a dense mat of dark green, ferny foliage and clusters of lavender flowers on and off from spring to fall; a butterfly favorite. (B*W*).

Verbesina encelioides, "BUTTER DAISY", "GOLDEN CROWNBEARD" (Plant in spring or early summer) Native of Arizona, Great Plains and Mexico. Shrubby annual with gray, wooly leaves and rich, solid yellow daisy heads over a long summer season. Tough and drought tolerant. Too weedy for the highly irrigated garden (B*W*F*).

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