University of California, Riverside

Botanic Gardens



Fall Plant Sale List


KEY TO THE CODES AT END OF THE PLANT DESCRIPTIONS:

H* - attracts Hummingbirds
B* - attracts Butterflies or feeds butterfly larvae
W* - Water efficient/drought tolerant plants
C* - California native plant or derivative
F* - especially good cut Flower or cut Foliage
S* - fragrant flowers ("S" for Scented)

The number of plants we expect to have available at the sale appears in brackets at the end of the plant description.


Trees  **THIS IS THE 2009 LISTING**, the 2010 list will be updated soon

Acacia berlandieri, "GUAJILLO" - Large shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree; heat loving w/ fernlike, light green leaves -- flowers fragrant, ball-like puffs of stamens, white aging to cream & born in early spring. [20/7] (W*S*)

Acacia farnesiana 'Sierra Sweet', "SEEDLESS SWEET ACACIA" - Tough, water efficient small tree w/ spiny branches & tiny, ferny leaves; flowers are fragrant, golden puffs covering the tree in winter/spring; few messy seedpods produced. [15] (H*W*S*)

Aesculus californica, "CALIF. BUCKEYE" - Drought tolerant, California native tree w/ hand-shaped leaves & foot-long plumes of creamy white, fragrant flowers in spring. [11] (H*B*W*C*S*)

Arbutus 'Marina', "STRAWBERRY TREE" - Choice, evergreen tree related to manzanita w/ handsome bark, large, deep green leaves, clusters of tiny, pink, urn-shaped flowers in fall. [20] (H*W*)

Arctostaphylos densiflorus 'Sentinel', "VINE HILL MANZANITA" - Sturdy trunked small tree/shrub to 8 ft. tall & 8 ft. wide w/ smooth, reddish black bark, small, gray leaves & clusters of tiny, light pink, urn-shaped flowers in spring; needs good drainage. [20] (H*B*W*C*)

Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Dr. Hurd', "DR. HURD MANZANITA" - Calif. native small tree or large shrub to 15 ft. w/ mahogany bark, large, light green leaves & clusters of white, urn-shaped flowers in late winter; well adapted to gardens & handsome all year. [7] (H*B*W*C*)

Bauhinia variegata, "PURPLE ORCHID TREE" - Spectacular, deciduous tree w/ light green, 2-lobed leaves & 3-in. purple, orchidlike flowers in late winter/early spring (a few may have white flowers). [6] (H*)

Caesalpinia mexicana, "MEXICAN BIRD-OF-PARADISE" - Heat-loving, small tree or large shrub w/ ferny, blue-green leaves & showy clusters of lemon yellow flowers throughout warm weather; needs good drainage. [20] (H*W*)

Callistemon 'King's Park Special', "KING'S PARK SPECIAL BOTTLE BRUSH" - Hybrid small tree/large shrub w/ narrow leaves & masses of bright red, bottlebrush flowers over long spring & summer season; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*)

Calocedrus decurrens, "INCENSE CEDAR" - Large, Calif. native, evergreen tree w/ dense, pyramidal crown & aromatic foliage & wood; branches popular in holiday decorating. [16] (W*C*)

Casimiroa edulis, "WHITE SAPOTE" - Subtropical tree, deciduous in frost, w/ shiny green, hand-shaped, leaves & 3-4 in., pale yellow fruit w/ tropical flavor & custard-like texture (seedlings of 'Vernon'). [39]

Castanospermum australe, "MORETON BAY CHESTNUT" - Striking, evergreen tree w/ large, dark green, glossy, divided leaves & 8 in. spikes of bright red & yellow, sweetpea-shaped flowers in summer, born even on trunk & main branches. [18/15] (H*B*)

Cercis occidentalis, "WESTERN REDBUD" - Calif. native tree w/ all-year interest - masses of purple spring flowers, handsome foliage & seedpods, yellow fall color, picturesque branching. [25] (H*W*C*F*)

Chilopsis linearis, "DESERT WILLOW" - Calif. native, fast-growing small tree or large shrub w/ airy appearance; willow-like leaves & trumpet-shaped, light pink flowers over long spring/summer season. [20] (H*W*C*)

Chitalpa tashkentensis, "CHITALPA" - Water efficient, small tree w/ willow-like leaves & clusters of pink, trumpet-shaped flowers in summer; hybrid of desert willow & catalpa tree. [20/4] (C*H*W*)

Cinnamomum camphora, "CAMPHOR TREE" - Slow growing, evergreen tree to 50 ft. high & wide w/ thick, picturesque branches & shiny, yellow green leaves that are pink when young; plant away from pavement/structures. [17] (W*)

Citrofortunella microcarpa, "CALAMONDIN" - Columnar, evergreen small tree or shrub w/ lush, dark green foliage, fragrant white flowers & a heavy crop of small, very sour, mandarin-like fruit used in marmelade & cooking; very ornamental. [25] (B*S*)

Citrus aurantifolia, "MEXICAN LIME, KEY LIME" - Evergreen large shrub/ small tree for mildest Inland gardens; fragrant, white flowers & small, tart-fleshed fruit that is yellow when ripe; seedlings of 'Giant Key Lime'. [16] (B*S*)

Citrus grandis x paradisi 'Oroblanco', "OROBLANCO GRAPEFRUIT HYBRID" - Grapefruit/Pummelo hybrid -- an evergreen tree w/ large, handsome, dark green leaves, fragrant, white flowers & large, sweet-fleshed grapefruit-like fruits in spring (rootstock: 'Carrizo'). [6] (B*S*)

Citrus hystrix, "KIEFFIR LIME, MAKRUT" - Choice, evergreen large shrub or small tree with hourglass shaped leaves, white, fragrant flowers & small, bumpy fruit; both leaves & fruit popular in Thai & other asian cooking. [10] (B*S*)

Crinodendron patagua, "LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY TREE" - Choice, Chilean tree w/ appearance of evergreen oaks; small, leathery, holly-like leaves & dainty, bell-shaped, white flowers & attractive cream & red seed capsules. [17] (W*)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Elegans', "PLUME CEDAR" - Dense, slow-growing, evergreen conifer w/ tiered branches & feathery, blue-green foliage that turns a striking bronze-purple in winter. [20]

Cupressus arizonica 'Blue Pyramid', "ARIZONA CYPRESS" - Arizona native, drought tolerant, evergreen tree, this selection a dense, blue-gray pyramid to 25 ft.; rough, furrowed bark, tiny, scale-like leaves & hard, round cones. [20] (W*C*)

Erythrina cristi-galli, "COCKSPUR CORAL TREE" - Unusual, small tree or large shrub w/ thick branches & clusters of velvety, brick or wine red flowers intermittent over long spring to fall season; hummingbird favorite. [13] (H*)

Erythrina princeps, "CORAL TREE" - Spectacular, medium-sized tree or large shrub w/ thick branches & long spikes of brilliant orange-red flowers in late winter/early spring, before leaves appear; hummingbird favorite. [4] (H*)

Ficus carica 'Blue Celeste', "BLUE CELESTE FIG" - Fast-growing, small- to medium-sized, deciduous tree w/ thick, picturesque, white-barked trunk and branches, lobed leaves & sweet, dark-purple-skinned fruit in spring & summer. [10] (W*)

Firmiana simplex, "CHINESE PARASOL TREE" - Choice, deciduous tree w/ distinctive, thick branches, huge lobed leaves & handsome green bark; small, yellow flowers are followed by interesting, leaf-like pods; good street or lawn tree. [56]

Ginkgo biloba, "GINKGO TREE" - Slow-growing, deciduous tree w/ light green, fan-shaped leaves that color yellow in fall; unsexed seedlings -- female trees may bear malodorous fruit, edible seeds. [45]

Heteromeles arbutifolia, "TOYON" - Versatile, Calif. native, water-efficient small tree/large shrub w/ toothed, glossy green leaves, large clusters of white flowers in summer, showy red berries in winter. [21] (H*B*W*C*)

Mangifera indica ('Manila' seedlings), "MANGO" - Heat-loving, frost tender tree or shrub for mildest Inland gardens or patio container; long, narrow leaves emerge bronze, long clusters of tiny flowers & small, flavorful, yellow mangoes (small plants). [9]

Myrtus communis, "MYRTLE" - Versatile, evergreen small tree/large shrub w/ dark green, shiny, aromatic leaves, fragrant, fluffy, white flowers & blue berries; can be hedged or open pruned; slow to form tree size. [5] (W*F*)

Myrtus communis 'Boetica', "BOETICA MYRTLE" - Choice form of this versatile, evergreen tree/shrub w/ dark green, shiny, aromatic leaves, arranged "foxtail" fashion on thick branches; fragrant white flowers & blue berries. [11] (W*F*)

Nolina matapensis, "SONORAN TREE BEARGRASS" - Yucca-like perennial gradually forming a 8-20 ft., dark trunk topped by flexible, sword-shaped, dark green leaves; in age producing a tall branching spike of tiny, white flowers. [8] (W*)

Phoenix reclinata, "SENEGAL DATE PALM" - Picturesque, clumping palm w/ multiple arching trunks & feather-type fronds; good for landscape or containers; hardy to 28. [4]

Phoenix reclinata, "SENEGAL DATE PALM" - Picturesque, clumping palm w/ multiple arching trunks & feather-type fronds; good for landscape or containers; hardy to 28. [16]

Pistacia chinensis, "CHINESE PISTACHE" - Tough, drought resistant, deciduous medium to large tree w/ graceful, divided leaves that reliably turn scarlet/crimson/orange in fall; spectacular! [28] (W*)

Platanus racemosa, "CALIFORNIA SYCAMORE" - Large, picturesque, Calif. native tree w/ pretty bark & large, maple-like leaves; for large, informal or natural gardens w/ some summer irrigation. [7] (B*C*)

Prunus ilicifolia, "HOLLY LEAF CHERRY" - Versatile, drought tolerant, evergreen tree or shrub w/ leathery, hollylike leaves & spikes of creamy-white flowers in spring; Calif. native. [20] (B*W*C*)

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii, "CATALINA CHERRY" - Versatile, drought tolerant, evergreen tree/shrub w/ shiny, near toothless leaves & spikes of creamy-white flowers in spring, barely edible dark red to black fruits; Calif. native. [7] (B*W*C*)

Quercus agrifolia, "COAST LIVE OAK" - Tough, drought tolerant, wide-spreading tree, w/ hollylike leaves; fast-growing in youth, picturesque in age; Calif. native. [12] (B*W*C*)

Quercus engelmannii, "ENGELMANN OAK" - Tough, drought tolerant, wide-spreading tree, w/ hollylike leaves; fast-growing in youth, picturesque in age; Calif. native of Santa Rosa Plateau fame. [3] (B*W*C*)

Quercus garryana, "GARRY OAK" - Majestic, north Calif. native, low-water-use, deciduous, large tree w/ thick, spreading branches forming a rounded crown & shiny, lobed leaves, fuzzy below; slow to moderate growth [12] (B*W*C*)

Quercus ilex, "HOLLY OAK" - Tough, drought tolerant, dense-crowned tree, w/ smooth, dark gray bark, hollylike leaves that are green above, hairy below; fast-growing in youth. [4] (B*W*)

Quercus kelloggii, "CALIF. BLACK OAK" - Calif. mountain native, deciduous tree w/ picturesque habit & handsome, lobed leaves w/ bristle points emerging pink, aging to dark green. [8] (B*W*C*)

Quercus lobata, "VALLEY OAK" - Majestic, Calif. native, low-water-use, deciduous, large tree w/ thick, spreading branches & handsome, deeply lobed leaves; fairly fast growth w/ some irrigation. [22] (B*W*C*)

Quercus tomentella, "ISLAND OAK" - Channel Is. native, water efficient, evergreen tree, w/ slightly toothed, 2-4 in. leaves that are dark green above, felty white or tan below; symmetrical in shape if well grown. [13] (B*W*C*)

Rhamnus alaternus 'John Edwards', "ITALIAN BUCKTHORN" - Nearly indestructible, heat tolerant & versatile large shrub easily trained to a small tree; can be clipped or hedged; dark green, shiny leaves & black berries; good oleander subsitute. [10/3] (W*)

Rhamnus prinoides, "AFRICAN DOGWOOD" - Rare, evergreen, South African, large shrub/small tree w/ dark green, shiny leaves & berries that start out green, then turn yellow, red & then black -- w/ all colors appearing at once. [6] (F*)

Sabal mexicana, "OAXACA PALMETTO" - Handsome, heat-loving, slow-growing palm w/ 3-ft., dark green, fan-shaped fronds, eventually forming a slender trunk to 50 ft.; said to be hardy to 10 degrees F. [6]

Sapium sebiferum, "CHINESE TALLOW TREE" - Choice, fast-growing, deciduous tree w/ heart-shaped, aspen-like leaves that flutter in the breeze; gorgeous fall foliage color varies from red to purple. [39]

Schotia brachypetala, "TREE FUCHSIA" - Slow-growing South African tree or shrub w/ handsome, shiny dark green compound leaves & clusters of waxy, crimson flowers w/ protruding stamens born mostly on older wood. [86] (H*S*)

Sequoia sempervirens 'Soquel', "COAST REDWOOD" - Fast-growing, Calif. native, evergreen tree w/ handsome, red-brown, fibrous-barked trunk, a conical crown of gracefully upturned branchlets, & blue-tinged green, ferny, aromatic foliage. [20] (C*)

Sophora secundiflora, "TEXAS MOUNTAIN-LAUREL" - Choice, heat-loving, slow-growing tree w/ dark green, shiny leaflets & wisteria-like, violet blue flowers w/ delicious grape scent that lasts after drying; seeds poisonous. [2] (B*W*S*)

Syzygium jambos, "ROSE APPLE" - Semi-tropical small tree/large shrub w/ handsome, lance-shaped leaves, bronze new growth, large, brush-like, creamy white flowers & crunchy, aromatic fruit w/ rose water flavor. [57] (H*W*)

Tabebuia chrysotricha, "GOLDEN TRUMPET TREE" - Spectacular, slow-growing, deciduous tree w/ hand-shaped, gold-haired leaves & 3-4 in., golden yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers before the leaves appear in spring. [27] (H*)

Tabebuia impetiginosa, "PINK TRUMPET TREE" - Spectacular, deciduous tree w/ hand-shaped, 5-leaflet leaves & pretty, 2 to 3 in., lavender-pink, trumpet-shaped flowers before the leaves appear in spring. [40/10] (H*)

Tecoma stans v. angustata, "YELLOW BELLS" - More water-efficient form of this popular favorite -- small tree/large shrub w/ feathery foliage & clusters of trumpet-shaped, bright yellow flowers over long summer/fall season. [15] (H*W*)

Trachycarpus fortunei, "WINDMILL PALM" - One of hardiest palms w/ single, fiber-covered trunk & slender-stemmed, deep green, fan-shaped fronds; hardy to 10 degrees. [2]

Ungnadia speciosa, "MEXICAN BUCKEYE" - Uncommon, slow-growing, multi-trunked small tree or shrub from Texas w/ dark green, pinnately compound leaves & clusters of rose-pink, fragrant flowers in spring before the leaves emerge. [15] (W*S*)

Vauquelinia californica, "ARIZONA ROSEWOOD" - Southwest native, water efficient, small tree/large shrub related to our Calif. native toyon; 3-in, leathery, toothed leaves & flattened clusters of tiny white flowers in late spring. [15] (B*W*)

Vauquelinia corymbosa v. heterodon, "SLIMLEAF ROSEWOOD" - Southwest native, water efficient small tree/large shrub related to Calif. native toyon; 6-in, leathery, toothed leaves & showy, flattened clusters of tiny white flowers in spring. [9] (B*W*)


Shrubs

Acacia iteaphylla, "FLINDERS RANGE WATTLE" - Large, Aust. shrub w/ slightly weeping branches, slender,gray-green leaves, pink when new -- flowers are lemon yellow balls of stamens born in winter/spring. [8] (W*)

Acacia redolens 'Desert Carpet'TM, "DESERT CARPET ACACIA" - Dense, low shrub speading up to 12 ft. w/ gray-green, leathery "leaves" & flowers that are tiny, yellow puffballs produced in spring. [10/5] (W*)

Anisacanthus quadrifidis 'Mexican Fire', "DESERT HONEYSUCKLE" - Heat-loving, mounded shrub w/ light green leaves & spikes of flared, tubular, bright red-orange flowers heaviest in spring, occasional in summer/fall; hummingbird & butterfly favorite. [20/2] (H*B*W*)

Anisodontea x hypomandarum 'Tara's Pink', "AFRICAN MALLOW" - Fast-growing, water-efficient, South African shrub w/ 1-inch, light pink, hibiscus-like flowers over long spring to fall season; most compact of the African mallows.. [25] (W*)

Anisodontea 'Very Cranberry', "CAPE MALLOW" - Fast-growing, water-efficient, South African shrub w/ bright green, ruffled leaves & 1-inch, crimson-red, hibiscus-like flowers over long spring to fall season. [30] (W*B*)

Arbutus unedo 'Oktoberfest', "STRAWBERRY TREE" - Choice, dwarf form of this evergreen shrub related to manzanita w/ handsome, deep green leaves, clusters of tiny, dark rosy-pink, urn-shaped flowers & pretty, red fruit in fall/winter. [20] (H*W*)

Arctostaphylos dens. 'Howard McMinn', "MANZANITA" - Handsome, Calif. native mounding shrub to 6 ft. tall & 6 ft. wide, w/ small, glossy leaves & clusters of tiny, light pink, urn-shaped flowers in spring; dependable; needs good drainage. [20] (H*B*W*C*)

Arctostaphylos pajaroensis 'Warren Roberts', "PAJARO MANZANITA" - Calif. native shrub to 6 ft. tall & 10 ft. wide, bronzy new growth, blue-green leaves edged red & large clusters of dark pink, urn-shaped flowers in late winter; needs good drainage. [20] (H*B*W*C*)

Artemisia tridentata var. vaseyana, "BIG SAGEBRUSH" - More garden tolerant selection of the sagebrush of "Old West" fame; tough, water efficient, picturesque shrub w/ silver-white, notoriously aromatic foliage; needs good drainage. [15] (W*C*)

Athanasia acerosa, "COULTER BUSH" - Uncommon South African native, evergreen shrub w/ finely divided, silvery foliage & dense, yarrow-like heads of tiny yellow daisies in spring/summer. [6] (B*W*F*)

Brugmansia candida 'Double White', "ANGEL'S TRUMPET" - Large shrub/small tree w/ velvety leaves & huge, pendant, night-fragrant, trumpet-shaped, double, white flowers; spectacular! [20] (S*)

Brugmansia 'Charles Grimaldi', "ANGEL'S TRUMPET" - Fast-growing, large shrub/small tree w/ huge, pendant, night-fragrant, trumpet-shaped, cantaloupe-colored flowers; spectacular! [~50] (S*)

Brugmansia 'Frosty Pink', "ANGEL'S TRUMPET" - Large shrub/small tree w/ large, tapered leaves & huge, pendant, night-fragrant, trumpet-shaped, pink flowers; spectacular! [~38] (S*)

Brugmansia 'Shredded White', "ANGEL'S TRUMPET" - Easy, fast-growing, large shrub/small tree w/ bright green, leaves & huge, pendant, night-fragrant, white flowers split into numerous, flag-like parts; most unusual! [10] (S*)

Brugmansia versicolor, "ANGEL'S TRUMPET" - Large shrub/small tree w/ velvety leaves & huge, pendant, night-fragrant, trumpet-shaped flowers in a delicate apricot color; spectacular but a shyer bloomer than others in Inland Gardens. [18] (S*)

Buddleia x weyeriana 'Bicolor', "BUTTERFLY BUSH" - Fast-growing shrub w/ felty, lance-shaped leaves & conical clusters of tiny, fragrant flowers, a blend of lavender & butterscotch yellow, in summer/fall; prune after bloom; butterfly favorite. [32/21] (B*S*)

Buddleia x weyeriana 'Sungold', "BUTTERFLY BUSH" - Fast-growing shrub w/ lance-shaped leaves & globular clusters of tiny, deep orange, fragrant flowers in summer/fall; prune after bloom; butterfly favorite. [35] (B*S*)

Caesalpinia gilliesii, "BIRD-OF-PARADISE-BUSH" - Medium to large, heat-loving, water efficient shrub w/ open habit; ferny foliage & striking yellow flowers w/ conspicuous, bright red stamens produced in summer; hummingbird favorite. [6] (H*W*)

Calliandra eriophylla, "FAIRY DUSTER" - Truly drought tolerant Calif. native, medium shrub w/ lacy, dark gray green foliage; flowers are fluffy brushes of rosy-pink stamens in spring. [20] (H*W*C*)

Cassinia leptophylla, "SILVER COTTONWOOD" - Evergreen, Australian heather-like shrub w/ tiny, silvery leaves & apical clusters of tiny, button-like, white flower heads; needs good drainage. [25] (W*)

Ceanothus 'Concha', "CONCHA CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, medium to large, dense shrub w/ 1-in., dark green leaves & 1-in. clusters of electric dark blue flowers; needs good drainage but tolerates summer water. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus griseus 'Yankee Point', "YANKEE POINT CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, low, dense shrub w/ 1-in., shiny, dark green leaves & 1 in. clusters of medium blue flowers; one of easiest ceanothus; tolerates summer water. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter', "JOYCE COULTER CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, mounding shrub w/ 1-in, medium green leaves & spike-like clusters of medium-blue flowers in spring; withstands some summer water. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps', "JULIA PHELPS CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, medium shrub w/ 1/2 in., dark green leaves & 1-in. clusters of dark indigo blue flowers in spring; heavy bloomer. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Arroyo de la Cruz', "CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native, evergreen shrub, 5 ft. tall & 10 ft. wide, w/ deep green, shiny leaves & clusters of light blue flowers over long season; little summer water applied away from the crown. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark', "SKYLARK CEANOTHUS" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native, evergreen shrub, 3-6 ft. tall & 5 ft. wide, w/ deep green, shiny leaves & clusters of dark blue flowers over long season; tolerates summer water. [20] (B*W*C*)

Ceratoides (Krascheninnikovia) lanata, "WINTER FAT" - Arid western U.S. native shrub w/ tiny, silvery-green leaves and spikelike, woolly white seeds heads in fall; attracts birds & used in dry arrangements. [15] (W*C*F*)

Ceratostigma griffithii, "BURMESE PLUMBAGO" - Evergreen, mounding, small shrub w/ inch-long, rounded, bronze edged leaves & 3/4 in., brilliant true blue flowers from late summer to fall. [16] (B*)

Chamaebatiaria millefolium, "FERNBUSH, DESERT SWEET" - Western native shrub w/ aromatic, gray green, fern-like leaves, evergreen in mild climates, & 4-in, upright clusters of small, white flowers in summer. [10/7] (B*W*C*)

Chorizema cordatum, "HEART-LEAF CORAL PEA" - Striking, water efficient, Australian shrub w/ dark green, holly-like leaves & clusters of pea-shaped flowers in a most unusual combination of orange and coral-red. [30] (W*F*)

Chrysactinia mexicana, "DAMIANITA" - Compact, heat-loving shrub w/ small, dark green, aromatic leaves; covered w/ 1-in, bright yellow daisy flowers especially in spring & fall; needs perfect drainage. [20] (B*W*)

Chrysothamnus nauseosus, "RABBITBRUSH" - Drought tolerant, tough, western native w/ narrow, gray green leaves & masses of fluffy, golden yellow, flower heads in late summer & fall; needs good drainage (=Ericameria). [15] (B*W*C*)

Cistus x hybridus 'Gold Prize', "WHITE ROCKROSE" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading shrub w/ lime green leaves spashed yellow & 1.5-in., white, poppy-like flowers w/ yellow centers in spring opening from reddish buds; good drainage. [25] (W*)

Cistus 'Ruby Cluster', "ROCKROSE" - Mounding, drought tolerant, 2.5 ft. tall & 6 ft. wide shrub w/ crinkled, dark green leaves & 2-inch, white, poppy-like flowers, each petal w/ a red spot at the base; needs good drainage. [30] (W*)

Cistus skanbergii, "ROCKROSE" - Drought tolerant, wide-spreading, low shrub w/ gray-green leaves & a profusion of 1 in., pure pink, poppy-like flowers in spring; needs good drainage. [20] (W*)

Cistus 'Victor Reiter', "ROCKROSE" - Drought tolerant, upright shrub w/ gray-green leaves & a profusion of 2.5-inch, salmon pink, poppy-like flowers w/ white centers in spring. [20] (W*)

Coleonema pulchrum 'Compact Form', "PINK BREATH-OF-HEAVEN" - A choice, lower, more spreading form of this South African shrub; dense shrub w/ dainty, bright green, aromatic foliage & an abundance of tiny pink flowers in winter/spring. [25] (W*B*F*)

Convolvulus cneorum 'Snow Angel', "BUSH MORNING GLORY" - Mounding, evergreen shrub w/ silky, silver leaves & white, funnel-shaped flowers blushed pink, produced over a long spring/summer season. [20] (W*)

Correa pulchella 'Orange Flame', "AUSTRALIAN FUCHSIA" - Water efficient, compact shrub w/ smooth, green leaves & an abundance of 3/4 in., bell-shaped, red-orange flowers over long winter to spring season; needs good drainage. [10] (H*W*)

Correa 'Ray's Tangerine', "AUSTRALIAN FUCHSIA" - Water efficient, slow-growing, small shrub w/ shiny, dark green leaves & an abundance of 3/4 in., bell-shaped, vibrant orange flowers over a long fall to winter season; needs good drainage. [9] (H*W*)

Correa pulchella 'Pink Eyre', "AUSTRALIAN FUCHSIA" - Water efficient, compact shrub w/ shiny, dark green leaves & an abundance of 3/4 in., bell-shaped, rose-pink flowers over long winter to spring season; needs good drainage. [11] (H*W*)

Cuphea 'Starfire', "STARFIRE CUPHEA" - Heat-loving shrub to 4 ft. tall w/ deep green, bronze-tinged leaves; flowers are rosy-red tubes tipped by contrasting purple & white, starry petal lobes; flowers spring to fall. [22] (H*F*)

Dalea greggii, "TRAILING INDIGO BUSH" - Water efficient, spreading shrub w/ tiny, satiny gray green, ferny leaves & dainty, cloverlike clusters of purple, pea-shaped flowers over long spring/summer season. [20/3] (B*W*)

Dalea pulchra, "INDIGO BUSH" - Water efficient, aromatic, mounding shrub w/ tiny, gray green, ferny leaves; plant covered w/ dainty, spikelike clusters of purple, pea-shaped flowers in spring. [20] (B*W*)

Dasylirion wheeleri, "DESERT SPOON" - Yucca-like shrub forming a 3 ft. fountain of blue-gray, strap-shaped leaves, eventually forming a trunk; dramatic, 10-ft. spike of tiny, creamy-white flowers in fall. [20] (W*)

Dodonaea viscosa, "HOP BUSH" - Tough & versatile large shrub, can be trained to tree form; narrow, bright green leaves & showy clusters of papery seed capsules in late spring/summer; good oleander substitute. [12/10] (W*F*)

Dombeya 'Seminole', "DOMBEYA" - Rare find! Large, evergreen shrub w/ bright green, maple-like leaves & hanging clusters of powder-puff pink, slightly fragrant flowers heaviest in fall. [26/10] (H*)

Echium candicans (= E. fastuosum), "PRIDE-OF-MADEIRA" - Evergreen shrub w/ bold, bristly, gray green leaves & dramatic, thick spires of blue-purple flowers with protruding purple stamens over long spring season; butterfly favorite. [40] (H*B*W*F*)

Echium candicans 'Star of Madeira', "VARIEGATED PRIDE-OF-MADEIRA" - Evergreen shrub w/ bold, bristly, gray green leaves handsomely cream edged & dramatic, thick spires of blue-purple flowers w/ protruding purple stamens over long spring season; butterfly favorite. [40] (H*B*W*F*)

Ephedra viridis, "MORMON TEA" - Unusual & curious, drought tolerant, Calif. native coniferous shrub w/ near leafless, slender, bright green branches; long used as tea & dye plant; needs good drainage. [9] (W*C*)

Eriogonum giganteum, "ST. CATHERINE'S LACE" - Bold, Calif. native shrub w/ felty, gray-green, ruffled leaves & large, flat-topped clusters of tiny rose-pink flowers over long spring/summer season. [32] (B*W*C*F*)

Euphorbia pulcherrima 'Eckespoint', "POINSETTIA" - In the garden, not a little holiday pot plant, but a spectacular, tall, deciduous shrub w/ masses of foot-wide, double-bracted, red flower heads over long winter season. [50] (H*B*)

Euphorbia xantii, "JUMETON" - Baja Calif. native shrub w/ gray green, pencil-like branches, narrow, gray-green leaves & dense clusters of tiny, pink flowers over long winter/spring season. [5] (B*W*)

Euryops lateriflorus, "EURYOPS" - Rare, coarsely branched, evergreen shrub from S. Africa w/ waxy, gray-green leaves arranged foxtail fashion & yellow, daisy flowers near branch ends in spring/summer. [11/8/9] (B*W*)

Fallugia paradoxa, "APACHE-PLUME" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native shrub w/ tiny, deep green leaves & pretty, 1 1/2 in., white, rose-like flowers in spring & showy, plume-like seed clusters. [15/4] (W*C*)

Forsythia hybrid (Pamela), "FORSYTHIA" - Temperate climate classic, early spring blooming shrug, this selection adapted to our Inland climate; the bare, wand-like branches lined w/ dainty, yellow flowers & later, toothed leaves; good cutflower. [19] (F*)

Fouquieria diguettii, "PALO ADAN" - Baja Calif. native large shrub/small tree related to "ocotillo"; stout-spined stems; generous clusters of red, tubular flowers after rain or irrigation; hummingbird favorite. [22/11] (H*W*)

Fouquieria macdougalii, "MEXICAN TREE OCOTILLO" - Mexican native large shrub/small tree related to "ocotillo"; stout-spined stems, gray green leaves; open clusters of dark red, tubular flowers after rain or irrigation; hummingbird favorite. [11] (H*W*)

Fouquieria splendens, "OCOTILLO" - Classic, southwest U.S. native, large shrub w/ stout-spined, wand-like, few-branched stems; foot-long spikes of orange-red, tubular flowers at branch tips in spring/fall; hummingbird favorite. [11] (H*W*C*)

Galvesia juncea 'Firecracker', "BUSH SNAPDRAGON" - Compact selection of this hummingbird favorite; tight mound of light green stems & tiny leaves & 1-in, tubular, scarlet flowers born in spring and intermittently during the year. [9] (H*W*C*)

Gardenia jasminoides 'Glazerii' (GRAFTED), "GARDENIA" - Gardenia 'Glazerii' grafted onto G. thunbergia rootstock for ease of cultivation; rich green, glossy foliage & 3-4 in., gleaming white, deliciously fragrant flowers in summer; early blooming. [4] (F*S*)

Gardenia thunbergia, "SOUTH AFRICAN GARDENIA" - Large, evergreen shrub w/ angular branches & deep green leaves; long-tubed, glistening white, 8-petaled flowers very fragrant; not fussy about soil. [48+31] (F*S*)

Grevillea lanigera (selected low form), "WOOLLY GREVILLEA" - Evergreen shrub w/ small, gray green leaves close-set foxtail fashion along arching or trailing branches & clusters of unusual, pink, spidery flowers; needs good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [25] (H*W*)

Grevillea lavandulacea 'Billywing', "LAVENDER GREVILLEA" - Dense, evergreen, mounding shrub w/ narrow, gray green leaves & clusters of spidery, red & cream flowers in winter/spring; needs perfect drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [20] (H*W*)

Grevillea 'Noellii', "HUMMINGBIRD BUSH" - Evergreen shrub w/ bright green, needle-like leaves & showy clusters of unusual, spidery flowers that are dark pink & white; good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [15] (H*W*)

Grevillea 'Ruby Clusters', "RUBY CLUSTERS GREVILLEA" - Dense, evergreen shrub w/ narrow, dark green leaves & showy clusters of unusual, deep red, spidery flowers that are produced most of the year; good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [25] (H*W*)

Grevillea thelemanniana 'Baby', "HUMMINGBIRD BUSH" - Low-growing evergreen shrub spreading to 4 ft. w/ deep green, feathery leaves & showy clusters of unusual, spidery flowers that are bright red, tipped yellow; good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [32] (H*W*)

Guaicum coulteri, "GUAYACAN" - Choice, slow-growing, heat-loving shrub-tree from Mexico w/ light-colored bark, small, dark green, ferny leaves, clusters of intense blue-violet flowers & shiny red fruits; needs a hot, frost-free site. [10] (W*)

Hakea minyma, "HAKEA" - Choice, medium shrub from Aust., w/ long, slender, gray-green leaves & long, dense clusters of pink & cream flowers in winter; good drainage & no phosphorus fertilizer. [6] (H*W*)

Halimiocistus sahucii, "SUNROSE" - Evergreen, mounding shrub w/ dark green, narrow leaves on reddish stems & 2 in., poppy-like, white flowers w/ yellow centers, covering the plant in spring & early summer. [32] (W*)

Halimium x pauanum, "SUNROSE" - Drought tolerant, evergreen, mounding shrub w/ soft, wavy, gray-green leaves & in spring, an abundance of 2-in., bright yellow, poppy-like flowers; needs good drainage. [32] (W*)

Haplopappus laricifolia 'Aguirre', "TURPENTINE BRUSH" - Lush selection of this rarely offered Calif. native evergreen shrub w/ dark green, narrow leaves & fluffy clusters of small, yellow daisy flowers in late summer/fall (=Ericameria) [10/8] (B*W*C*)

Helianthemum 'Raspberry Ripple', "SUNROSE" - Dense, evergreen, mat-forming shrublet w/ gray leaves & 1-in., single, deep pink flowers streaked white in spring/summer; cut back after flowering for fall bloom; needs good drainage. [25] (W*)

Hermannia verticillata, "HONEYBELLS" - Spreading shrub w/ trailing stems, tiny, dissected, bright green leaves & small, yellow, honey-scented, bell-shaped flowers in winter/spring; good drainage, moderate water. [9/8] (S*)

Homalocladium platycladium, "RIBBON BUSH" - Curious & attractive near leafless shrub w/ shiny, bright green, flattened & jointed stems; flowers inconspicuous but red berries somewhat showy; good in containers. [22]

Hypericum reptans, "ST. JOHN'S WORT" - Choice, mat-forming shrub w/ tiny, gray green leaves geometrically arranged along the stems; 2-in., bright yellow flowers at stem tips in late summer/fall. [7]

Hyptis emoryi, "DESERT-LAVENDER" - Calif. desert native shrub w/ upright habit; white-felty, aromatic leaves & spikes of tiny violet flowers in late winter & spring. [20] (W*C*)

Iochroma cyaneum 'Red Wine', "RED WINE IOCHROMA" - Fast-growing shrub, w/ large clusters of tubular, dark blue-purple flowers over long summer season; good espalier; hummingbird favorite. [9] (H*)

Justicia spicigera, "MEXICAN HONEYSUCKLE" - Water efficient, heat-loving, rounded shrub w/ bright green leaves & clusters of orange, tubular flowers produced continuously. [25] (B*W*F*)

Lantana camara 'Dallas Red', "LANTANA" - Easy, heat-loving, mounding shrub w/ dark green, sandpapery leaves & rounded heads of starry flowers opening yellow & aging to orange then red; butterfly favorite. [25] (B*W*)

Lantana 'New Gold', "LANTANA" - Easy, heat-loving, mounding shrub, especially compact & non-seed-bearing; dark green foliage & rounded heads of golden yellow flowers over much of the year; butterfly favorite. [25] (B*W*)

Lantana 'Radiation', "LANTANA" - Easy, heat-loving, mounding shrub w/ dark green, sandpapery leaves & rounded heads of starry flowers opening yellow & aging to rich orange-red; butterfly favorite. [4] (B*W*)

Lavandula 'Goodwin Creek Grey', "GOODWIN CREEK LAVENDER" - Compact, water efficient shrub w/ gray-white, aromatic foliage & narrow spikes of dark violet flowers produced over long spring/summer season. [32] (B*W*F*S*)

Lavandula 'Helmsdale', "LAVENDER" - Compact, water efficient shrub w/ dark, gray-green, aromatic leaves & long-stalked, cylindrical, fragrant spikes of tiny, rich burgundy flowers over long summer to fall season. [32] (B*W*F*S*)

Lessingia filaginifolia 'Smart Aster', "SMART ASTER" - Uncommon, Calif. native, mounding sub-shrub w/ divided, felty, silver leaves & 1 in., lavender-pink, daisy-like flowers w/ yellow centers in spring & into summer. [20] (B*W*C*)

Leucophyllum frutescens, "TEXAS RANGER" - Water efficient, heat loving, evergreen shrub w/ silvery leaves & rose-purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers in summer/fall; needs good drainage. [30] (H*W*)

Leucophyllum frutescens 'Compacta', "COMPACT TEXAS RANGER" - Compact form of this water efficient, heat loving, evergreen shrub; gray, soft-silky leaves & rosy-purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers in summer/fall; needs good drainage. [25/8] (H*W*)

Leucophyllum frutescens 'Green Cloud', "TEXAS RANGER" - Water efficient, heat loving, evergreen shrub w/ frosty-green, soft-silky leaves & deep rosy-purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers in summer/fall; needs good drainage. [15/13] (H*W*)

Leucophyllum pruinosum, "FRAGRANT TEXAS RANGER" - Water efficient, heat-loving, open shrub w/ silver leaves & fragrant, purple, snapdragon-shaped flowers over long summer/fall season; flowers smell like grape bubble gum! Needs good drainage. [25/8] (H*W*S*)

Leucophyllum zygophyllum, "BLUE RANGER" - Water efficient, heat-loving shrub w/ tiny, cupped, gray-green leaves & small, blue, snapdragon-shaped flowers over long summer/fall season; needs good drainage. [25/6] (H*W*S*)

Lippia (Oscar Clarke), (NO COMMON NAME) - Medium to large, open shrub w/ quilted, sandpapery, toothed leaves that are lemon scented when bruised; twin clusters of tiny lavender-pink flowers in summer attract butterflies. [18] (B*)

Lupinus albifrons, "SILVER BUSH LUPINE" - Calif. native, shrub w/ hand-shaped, silky, silvery leaves & tall spikes of blue-purple & yellow, pea-shaped flowers in spring; needs good drainage, occasional watering. [25] (H*B*W*C*)

Melaleuca thymifolia, "THYMELEAF MELALEUCA" - Wide-spreading, evergreen shrub w/ corky bark, tiny, blue-green, aromatic leaves & fluffy, clusters of pink, feather-like flowers in spring/summer. [20] (H*)

Myoporum parvifolium 'Fine Leaf', "DWARF MYOPORUM" - Compact, fine-textured form of this water efficient, fast-growing, shrubby groundcover; can spread to 5+ ft., w/ gray green leaves & starry, white flowers in summer; believed rabbit proof! [7] (W*)

Myoporum parvifolium 'Pink', "PINK MYOPORUM" - Water efficient, very fast-growing, shrubby groundcover (can spread to 8 ft.) w/ bright green leaves close set along the stems & small light pink flowers in summer; apparently rabbit proof! [9] (W*)

Myoporum 'Putah Creek', "PUTAH CREEK MYOPORUM" - Water efficient, very fast-growing, shrubby groundcover (can spread to 8 ft.) w/ bright green leaves close set along the stems & small white flowers in summer; apparently rabbit proof! [64] (W*)

Myrtus communis 'Compacta', "DWARF MYRTLE" - Versatile, dense, evergreen shrub w/ tiny, dark green, shiny, aromatic leaves, fragrant white flowers & blue berries. [10/5] (W*S*)

Myrtus communis 'Variegata', "VARIEGATED MYRTLE" - Choice form of this versatile, evergreen shrub w/ shiny, aromatic leaves that are dark green, edged white, fragrant fluffy, white flowers & blue berries. [10/7] (W*F*)

Olea europaea 'Skylark Dwarf', "SKYLARK DWARF OLIVE" - Dwarf, more shrub-like form of a classic, evergreen tree w/ small, gray green leaves set closely on the branches; little fruit set if other varieties are not nearby. [10] (W*)

Osmanthus fortunei 'San Jose', "SWEET OLIVE" - Choice, slow-growing evergreen shrub w/ glossy, rich green, hollylike leaves & small clusters of tiny, creamy white, deliciously fragrant flowers in October. [18] (F*S*)

Parthenium incanum, "MARIOLA" - Tough, southwest desert native, intricately branched shrub w/ gray green, lobed, aromatic leaves covered in silvery hairs & dome-shaped clusters of white, button-like flower heads. [7] (W*)

Philadelphus lewisii 'Covelo', "WESTERN MOCK ORANGE" - Calif. native, deciduous shrub w/ slender, wand-like branches, light green leaves & saucer-shaped, pristine white, deliciously fragrant flowers w/ yellow stamens in spring. [10] (H*B*C*S*)

Phlomis lanata, "JERUSALEM SAGE" - Compact, aromatic, evergreen shrub w/ small, woolly, crinkled leaves & shish-kabob spikes of yellow tubular flowers over much of the year. [20] (W*)

Phlomis purpurea, "PINK JERUSALEM SAGE" - Rare, evergreen, water efficient shrub w/ gray-green, aromatic leaves & tall, shish-kabob spikes of tubular pink flowers over long spring season. [10] (W*F*)

Photinia fraseri, "FRASER PHOTINIA" - Vigorous, evergreen large shrub or small tree w/ with handsome, shiny foliage that emerges bronze-red; showy clusters of small white flowers in spring. [16] (B*F*)

Phymosia umbellata, "MEXICAN BUSH MALLOW" - Rare, evergreen, Mexican shrub w/ large, maple-like, felty leaves & clusters of 1.5 in., satiny, deep rose red flowers over long winter/spring season. [6] (H*)

Plumbago auriculata 'Purple Robe', "CAPE PLUMBAGO" - Especially good color form of this opular wide-spreading, mounding shrub w/ fresh green foliage & abundant rounded clusters of deep sky blue flowers much of year; butterfly favorite. [25] (B*W*)

Polygala myrtifolia 'Grandiflora', "SWEET-PEA SHRUB - Fast-growing, open shrub w/ gray green, pointed leaves & vivid rose-purple & white, orchid-like flowers produced much of the year. [30]

Polygala myrtifolia 'Mariposa', "SWEET-PEA SHRUB" - Dwarf, compact form of this fast-growing, open shrub w/ gray green, pointed leaves & vivid rose-purple l& white, orchid-like flowers produced much of the year. [32]

Prostanthera rotundifolia 'Variegata', "VARIEGATED MINT BUSH" - Fast-growing, evergreen, Aust. shrub w/ small, rounded, aromatic leaves edged cream & 1/2 in., bright purple, trumpet-shaped flowers in spring; needs good drainage. [25] (H*)

Psoralea pinnata, "BLUE SCURFY PEA" - Open shrub w/ lush green, soft needle-like foliage giving a fluffy look; clusters of blue & white, grape soda- scented, sweet-pea-shaped flowers in spring & summer. [8] (S*)

Purshia (Cowania) mexicana, "CLIFF ROSE" - Drought tolerant, slow-growing, Calif. native shrub w/ tiny, leathery, green leaves on twisted branches, fragrant, creamy white, rose-like flowers in spring & showy, plume-like seed clusters. [20] (W*C*)

Rhamnus 'Mound San Bruno', "COFFEEBERRY" - Tough, drought tolerant, Calif. native, evergreen shrub w/ narrowly oval, dark green leaves & red to black berries; provides food for butterfly larvae; garden tolerant. [20] (B*W*C*)

Rosmarinus 'Boule', "ROSEMARY" - Compact form of this popular, water-efficient shrub w/ deep green, aromatic foliage & mid-blue flowers over long winter season; leaves used in cooking. [32] (B*W*F*)

Rosmarinus 'Collingwood Ingram', "ROSEMARY" - Semi-upright form of this popular, water-efficient shrub w/ deep green, aromatic foliage & bright deep blue flowers w/ violet veining over long season; aromatic leaves too piny for culinary use. [32] (B*W*F*)

Rosmarinus 'Gorizia', "ROSEMARY" - Tall, rigidly upright form of this popular, water-efficient shrubby herb w/ extra long leaves & light blue flowers in winter/spring; leaves w/ sweet, gingery flavor used in cooking. [32] (B*W*F*)

Rostrinucula dependens, "WEEPING ROSTRINUCULA" - Rare, Buddleia-like, deciduous shrub w/ narrow, pointed leaves & dense, pendulous spikes of tiny, lavender pink flowers in late summer. [25] (B*)

Ruttya fruticosa 'Orange Dragon', "ORANGE MONKEY-FACE" - Rare, evergreen, east African shrub w/ angular branches, 2-in., crinkled leaves & clusters of striking, orange, 2-lipped flowers w/ a dark red blotch on the lip; blooms in summer. [25] (H*)

Salvia brandegei, "BRANDEGEE SAGE" - Calif. native, evergreen shrub w/ scalloped, aromatic leaves & long-stemmed, shish-kabob spikes of small, pale lavender in early summer; good cut flower; needs good drainage. [7] (B*W*C*)

Salvia dolomitica, "DOLOMITE SAGE" - Mounding, evergreen S. African shrub w/ silvery-gray leaves & compact, lemon-scented spikes of 1-in., lilac-colored, two-lipped flowers w/ bronzy calyxes over long winter/spring season. [6] (H*W*F*)

Salvia greggii 'Variegata', "VARIEGATED AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient, much branched shrub w/ tiny, aromatic, gold-edged leaves & abundant spikes of bright red, 1-in. flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite. [21] (H*W*)

Salvia 'Indigo Blue', "INDIGO BLUE SAGE" - Rounded, evergreen shrub to 3 ft. tall w/ matte-green, textured leaves & short spikes of small, intense blue purple flowers in summer/fall; good drainage. [25]

Salvia x jamensis 'Betty Moore', "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of delicate mauve pink, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, darker flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [56] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Cream), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of cream-colored, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [12/61] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis 'Dancing Dolls', "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of rose & cream bicolored, 1-in. flowers produced spring to fall; hummingbird favorite. [25] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis 'Magenta Hope', "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of deep magenta red, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, dark calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [37] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Peach-pink), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of light peachy-pink, 1-in. flowers & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [6] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Yellow), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of soft yellow, 1-in. flowers blushed pink & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [6/7] (H*W*)

Salvia x jamensis (Yellow w/ pink), "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of yellow, 1-in. flowers blushed pink & contrasting, near black calyxes & flower stems; hummingbird favorite. [6/18] (H*W*)

Salvia 'Mesa Azure', "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient, much-branched shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of blue purple, 1-in., two-lipped flowers from spring to fall; hummingbird favorite. [24] (H*W*)

Salvia muelleri, "ROYAL PURPLE SAGE" - Water efficient, spreading shrub w/ tiny, shiny green, aromatic leaves along wiry stems & 1-in., glowing purple flowers much of the year. [25] (H*B*W*)

Salvia munzii, "MUNZ SAGE" - Rare Calif. native, evergreen shrub w/ aromatic ashy, dark gray green leaves on reddish branches & shish-kabob spikes of tiny, light blue, tubular flowers w/ reddish calyxes. [4] (H*B*W*C*)

Salvia purpurea, "LILAC SALVIA" - Fast-growing, evergreen shrub w/ heart-shaped leaves & abundant, branching spikes of velvety, tubular, lavender-purple flowers over long fall/winter season (hummingbird favorite). [17] (H*)

Salvia 'Summer Peach', "AUTUMN SAGE" - Water-efficient, much-branched shrub w/ tiny, aromatic leaves, abundant spikes of salmon-orange, 1-in., two-lipped flowers from spring to fall; hummingbird favorite. [30] (H*W*)

Senna (Cassia) artemisioides, "FEATHERY CASSIA" - Water efficient, evergreen shrub from Aust. w/ feathery, gray-green foliage & in clusters of yellow, 5-petalled flowers over long winter/spring season (=Cassia artemisioides). [20] (B*W*S*)

Senna (Cassia) didymobotrya, "POPCORN CASSIA" - Evergreen shrub w/ handsome, divided leaves & candelabra-like spikes of black buds opening to large, yellow flowers in winter/spring; new growth & flower buds popcorn scented. [18] (B*S*)

Senna (Cassia) nemophila, "DESERT CASSIA" - Water efficient, evergreen shrub from Aust. w/ feathery, green foliage & in clusters of yellow, 5-petalled flowers over long winter/spring season. [20] (B*W*S*)

Senna (Cassia) oligophylla, "OUTBACK CASSIA" - Heat-loving, water efficient, evergreen shrub from Aust. w/ gray-green, rounded leaflets on red stems, clusters of bright yellow, 5-petalled flowers in spring & decorative, bronzy seed pods. [20] (B*W*S*)

Senna phyllodinea, "SILVER LEAF CASSIA" - Water efficient, evergreen, Aust. shrub w/ gray-green, sickle-shaped, leaf-like stems & clusters of yellow, 5-petalled flowers over long spring/summer season. [20] (B*W*S*)

Simmondsia chinensis, "JOJOBA", "GOATNUT" - Versatile, drought tolerant, Calif. native shrub, slow-growing & dense w/ leathery, gray-green leaves; female plants bear jojoba "nuts" used in cosmetics & eating. [3] (W*C*)

Teucrium x lucidrys (T. chamaedrys), "GERMANDER" - Low, wide-spreading shrublet w/ small, deep green, shiny leaves & dense, rounded spikes of dainty, red-purple flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [12] (B*W*)

Westringia 'Wynyabbie Gem', "COASTAL-ROSEMARY" - Water-efficient, medium-sized, spreading shrub from Aust. w/ narrow, olive green leaves, woolly below, & spikes of delicate, lavender-pink flowers over long season. [20] (B*W*)

Yucca baccata, "BANANA YUCCA" - Slow-growing, Calif. native yucca forming a dense clump of tough, blue-green, sword-shaped leaves, dense, 2-ft. clusters of large, fleshy, white & reddish flowers & edible fruit. [15] (W*C*)


Vines

Calystegia macrostegia 'Anacapa Pink', "ISLAND MORNING-GLORY" - Fast-growing, twining vine native to Channel Islands w/ shiny green, arrow-shaped leaves & 3-in. pink, funnel-shaped flowers over long spring/summer season. [10] (C*W*)

Clematis ligusticifolia, "VIRGIN'S BOWER" - Choice, Calif. native vine with dainty, divided leaves & billowy masses of fragrant, creamy-white flowers in spring; shade root zone, top w/ some sun. [11] (C*S*)

Distictis 'Rivers', "ROYAL TRUMPET VINE" - Vigorous, fast-growing vine climbing by tendrils; glossy green leaves & clusters of 5-in., velvety, trumpet-shaped flowers purple w/ orange throats produced over long season; hummingbird favorite. [15] (H*)

Ephedra tweediana, "COLA DE CABALLO" - Weird, leafless, vining shrub forming a haystack-like mound (unsupported) or column of slender, pendulous ,green stems & small, yellow, flower-like cones in spring. [12]

Hardenbergia violacea 'Happy Wanderer', "LILAC VINE" - Choice Australian vine w/ wiry, twining stems, leathery, undivided leaves & long clusters of tiny, rose purple, sweetpea-shaped flowers w/ a chartreuse dot in late winter/early spring. [20] (W*)

Hylocereus undatus, "QUEEN-OF-THE-NIGHT" - Climbing cactus w/ 3-angled, self-adhering stems & mammoth (to 1.5 ft. long!) white flowers, that open in summer about 8 p.m. & can form delicious magenta-red "dragon fruit." [16/12]

Mandevilla laxa, "CHILEAN JASMINE" - Heat-loving, deciduous, twining vine w/ dark green, pointed leaves & clusters of 2-in. trumpet shaped, glistening white flowers w/ powerful gardenia fragrance. [15] (S*)

Mascagnia macroptera, "YELLOW ORCHID VINE" - Heat-loving, evergreen, twining vine w/ bright green, oval leaves & showy clusters of yellow, orchid-like flowers spring to fall, followed by interesting, yellow-green, winged fruits. [25] (B*W*)

Muehlenbeckia complexa, "WIRE VINE" - Vigorous, twining vine or groundcover w/ dainty appearance; thin, wiry, near-black stems & tiny, rounded, light green leaves; flowers inconspicuous. [16]

Passiflora citrina, "YELLOW PASSIONVINE" - Tame-growing passion vine w/ slender stems lined w/ dark green, two-lobed leaves & distinctive, starry, bright yellow, bell-shaped flowers in summer/fall; supports butterfly larvae. [10] (H*B*)

Passiflora 'Coral Glow', "PASSIONFLOWER" - Vigorous vine climbing by tendrils; dark green, shiny green, 3-lobed leaves & distinctive, 4-in., bright coral pink flowers from summer to fall; butterfly favorite. [25] (H*B*)

Passiflora 'Quasar', "QUASAR PASSIONVINE" - Moderately vigorous passion vine w/ dark green, lobed leaves & abundantly produced, distinctive flowers w/ pure white petals & white filiments; not tested as butterfly larval food. [12] (H*)

Senecio confusus 'São Paolo', "MEXICAN FLAME VINE" - Heat-loving, twining vine w/ succulent, toothed leaves & clusters of fragrant, dark orange-red daisy flowers w/ golden centers over long summer/fall season. [20] (B*S*)

Thunbergia alata 'Sunlady', "BLACK-EYED SUSAN VINE" - Vigorous, fast-growing, twining vine w/ triangular, light green leaves & bright yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers w/ near-black throat produced over much of year. [20] (H*)

Tropaeolum tricolor, "TRICOLOR NASTURTIUM" - Rare, summer dormant vine from Chile w/ thread-like stems, tiny, hand-shaped leaves & dainty red, yellow & purple, tubular flowers; hummingbird favorite; best in containers; summer dry. [20] (H*W*)


Herbaceous Plants

Achillea 'Red Velvet'', "COMMON YARROW" - Tough, water-efficient perennial w/ flat-topped clusters of long-lasting, dark rose red flowers above low, ferny, aromatic foliage mass. [20] (B*W*F*)

Agapanthus orientalis, "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - Full-sized, popular & useful landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves & long-stalked, 8 in., ball-like clusters of blue flowers over long summer season. [21] (H*B*W*F*)

Agapanthus orientalis 'Albus', "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - Full-sized, popular & useful landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves & long-stalked, 8 in., ball-like clusters of pristine white flowers over long summer season. [38/10] (H*B*W*F*)

Agapanthus orientalis 'Tinker Bell', "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - Dwarf, variegated selection of this landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves handsomely margined creamy white & long-stalked, ball-like clusters of blue flowers in summer. [24Y/12Y] (H*B*W*F*)

Agapanthus orientalis 'Peter Pan', "LILY-OF-THE-NILE" - A dwarf selection of this popular landscape favorite w/ strap-shaped leaves & long-stalked, ball-like clusters of blue flowers in summer. [12] (H*B*W*F*)

Albuca crinifolia, "ALBUCA" - Evergreen perennial w/ green, above-ground bulb, long, strap-shaped leaves & tall, upright spikes of white flowers w/ a green stripe on each petal. [12] (W*)

Alstroemeria (dwarf hybrids), "PERUVIAN LILY" - Long-blooming perennial w/ leafy, long-stemmed clusters of lily-like flowers w/ dark markings -- assorted colors; good cutflower. [19] (H*W*F*)

Alstroemeria 'Meyer Hybrids', "PERUVIAN LILY" - Easy, summer dormant, long-blooming perennial w/ leafy, long-stemmed clusters of lily-like flowers in shades of pink & lavender w/ darker markings; excellent cutflower. [60] (H*W*F*)

Amaryllis belladonna, "NAKED LADY" - Easy, drought tolerant bulb w/ strap-shaped leaves in winter & deliciously fragrant, powder-puff pink, lily-like flowers on 3-ft. stalks in summer. [34] (H*W*F*S*)

Antirrhinum sempervirens, "SPANISH SNAPDRAGON" - Mat-forming, perennial snapdragon w/ gray-green leaves & low, loose spikes of cream white, two-lipped flowers marked with yellow and purple; needs good drainage. [6] (B*)

Aquilegia chrysantha, "GOLDEN COLUMBINE" - Easy, Southwest native w/ handsome, airy, gray green foliage & tall, branching sprays of nodding, long-spurred, yellow flowers adored by hummingbirds; reseeds freely. [6] (H*F*)

Aquilegia formosa, "WESTERN COLUMBINE" - Calif. native perennial w/ handsome, much divided, airy foliage & tall, branching sprays of nodding, orange-red, spurred flowers adored by hummingbirds; spreads readily by seed. [20/4] (H*C*F*)

Aristida purpurea, "PURPLE THREE-AWN" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native, perennial grass forming two by two ft., tight, erect clumps of fine-textured, gray green, leaves & delicate purple seedheads that glow in the sunlight. [20] (C*)

Armeria 'Nifty Thrifty', "SEA PINK" - Water efficient perennial forming a tight, spreading mat of narrow green leaves edged yellow, & long-stalked clusters of dark pink flowers spring to summer; butterfly favorite. [32] (B*W*C*F*)

Artemisia 'Powis Castle', "WORMWOOD" - Striking, water efficient, shrubby perennial forming a dense 3-foot tall, 6-foot wide mound of silver-white, feathery, aromatic foliage; needs good drainage. [18] (W*)

Asclepias curassavica, "BLOODFLOWER" - Fast-growing, evergreen perennial w/ wand-like stems topped w/ striking clusters of red & orange, waxy flowers over long summer/fall season; butterfly favorite. [53/50] (B*)

Asclepias curassavica 'Silky Gold', "BLOODFLOWER" - Fast-growing, evergreen perennial w/ wand-like stems topped w/ striking clusters of yellow-orange, waxy flowers over long summer/fall season; butterfly favorite. [12] (B*)

Aster ericoides 'Monte Cassino', "MONTE CASSINO" - Evergreen perennial w/ small, slender leaves & tall, leafy, branched flower stalks w/ many, small white daisy flowers over long summer/fall season; popular florist's "filler." [4] (B*F*)

Aster 'Nana Hern', "MICHAELMAS DAISY" - Old fashioned favorite herbaceous perennial w/ narrow, dark green leaves & huge, branching clusters of blue-purple, daisy flowers in fall/winter. [17] (B*F*)

Aster novi-belgii 'Sapphire', "MICHAELMAS DAISY" - Adaptable herbaceous perennial w/ low green foliage & long-stemmed, lavender blue daisy flowers w/ many slender rays & orange centers in late summe/fall. [6] (B*F*)

Aster oblongifolius 'Dream of Beauty', "FRAGRANT ASTER" - Adaptable herbaceous perennial w/ gray-green foliage & long-stemmed, pink daisy flowers w/ many slender rays & burnt orange centers in late summer. [19] (B*F*)

Baptisia australis, "BLUE FALSE INDIGO" - Hardy, herbaceous, clump-forming perennial w/ blue-green, three-parted leaves & tapered spikes of small, dark blue, sweet-pea flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [7] (W*)

Begonia 'Hildegard's Richmondensis', "BEGONIA" - Easy, shrubby begonia w/ succulent stems, shiny, bronzy, ruffled leaves & clusters of rosy pink flowers w/ yellow centers over much of year; flowers edible. [42]

Berlandiera lyrata, "CHOCOLATE DAISY" - Texas native perennial to 3 ft. tall w/ light yellow daisy flowerheads w/ reddish-brown centers; flowers deliciously chocolate scented. [20] (B*W*S*)

Bouteloua gracilis, "BLUE GRAMMA GRASS" - Small, Calif. native, clumping grass w/ slender, light gray-green leaves & distinctive, comb-like flower heads that emerge silvery, turn purple. [20] (W*C*F*)

Bravoa geminiflora, "TWIN-FLOWERED BRAVOA" - Uncommon Mexican perennial w/ clumps of strap-shaped, bright green, arching leaves & tall spikes of orange-red, tubular flowers in late summer; hummingbird favorite. [5] (H*F*)

Bulbine frutescens, "STALKED BULBINE" - Water-efficient groundcover w/ narrow, succulent leaves & many spikes of clear lemon yellow, starburst flowers over long season; "bulletproof" according to The So. Calif. Gardener. [26] (B*W*)

Bulbine 'Tiny Tangerine', "ORANGE BULBINE" - Water-efficient groundcover perennial from S. Africa w/ tight mat of narrow, succulent leaves & spikes of orange & yellow, starburst flowers over long season. [20] (H*B*W*)

Calylophus drummondii v. fendleri, "SUNDROPS" - Heat-loving, spreading, southwest native perennial w/ gray green, wavy-edged leaves & 1-in., brilliant yellow, poppy-like flowers that age to coral in summer/fall. [20] (W*)

Canna (Jack's yellow), "CANNA" - Easiest of perennials w/ bold, tropical-looking bright green leaves topped by large clusters of exotic, multipetaled, bright yellow flowers over long summer season. [6] (H*)

Carex tumulicola, "BERKELEY SEDGE" - Versatile, fine textured, grass-like perennial forming fountain-like clumps of slender leaves; for sun or shade, much to moderate water; can spread by seed. [6] (C*)

Carica papaya (Mexican), "MEXICAN PAPAYA" - Tree-like perennial w/ large, hand-shaped leaves clustered at the top of a tall stem & aromatic, orange-fleshed, melon-like fruit; for protected, mild Inland sites; needs good drainage. [21]

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Dark Knight', "BLUE MIST" - Deciduous, shrubby perennial w/ silvery foliage & fluffy clusters of deep blue flowers w/ conspicuous protruding stamens produced over long summer season; butterfly favorite. [20] (B*)

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Longwood Blue', "BLUE MIST" - Deciduous, shrubby perennial w/ silvery foliage & fluffy clusters of sky blue flowers w/ conspicuous protruding stamens produced over long summer season; butterfly favorite. [3] (B*)

Centranthus ruber 'Pretty Betsy', "RED VALERIAN" - Old fashioned favorite -- a tough, water efficient, semi-shrubby perennial w/ gray-green leaves & tall-stemmed, fluffy clusters of tiny, deep rose pink flowers over long spring/summer season. [33] (B*W*F*)

Chasmanthe floribunda, "AFRICAN FLAG" - Vigorous, summer dormant, gladiolus relative w/ tall fans of sword-shaped, bright green leaves & branching spikes of 2-in., orange, flared-tubular flowers in late winter; hummingbird favorite. [8] (H*W*F*)

Chrysanthemum maximum 'Snow Lady', "SHASTA DAISY" - Dwarf form of this easy perennial w/ a deep-green foliage mat & 2.5-in., white daisy flowers w/ yellow centers in summer; good in low borders, containers or as a cutflower. [15] (B*F*)

Coreopsis gigantea, "TREE COREOPSIS" - Bizarre, Calif. native plant, a coastal native w/ a broomstick trunk topped by a mop of ferny foliage & pretty yellow daisy-like flowers; needs good drainage, best dryish or completely dry in summer. [30] (B*W*C*)

Cotula (Oscar Clarke), "BRASS BUTTONS" - Spreading perennial w/ silky stems, soft, gray green, feathery leaves & long stalked, yellow, button-like flower heads over a long summer season. [31] (B*)

Cymbopogon citratus, "LEMON GRASS" - Long-time Riverside resident forming clumps of handsome, sea-green leaves that are deliciously lemon scented; popular in southeast Asian cooking & herb teas (culinary, aromatic, ornamental). [41]

Dahlia imperialis, "TREE DAHLIA" - Dramatic, herbaceous perennial to 10+ ft. in bloom w/ thick, bamboo-like stems topped by huge, branching sprays of 4-in., lavender flowers in fall; protect from wind. [26] (H*F*)

Dudleya caespitosa, "LIVE-FOREVER" - So. Calif. native succulent producing ground-hugging rosettes of chalky white, succulent leaves & spikes of small, short-tubular, yellow flowers; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*C*)

Epilobium 'Carman's Grey', "CALIFORNIA-FUCHSIA" - Low, drought tolerant perennial w/ narrow, silvery leaves & scarlet-orange, tubular flowers in summer & fall when few other Calif. natives bloom; needs good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*C*F*)

Epilobium 'Chaparral Silver', "CALIFORNIA-FUCHSIA" - Drought tolerant, spreading perennial w/ narrow, silvery leaves & scarlet, tubular flowers in summer & fall when few other Calif. natives bloom; needs good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*C*F*)

Eriogonum grande v. rubescens, "RED BUCKWHEAT" - Calif. native, spreading perennial w/ gray-green, oval leaves & generous clusters of tiny, rosy red flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [30] (B*W*C*)

Euphorbia characias 'Tasmanian Tiger', "VARIEGATED SPURGE" - Shrubby perennial w/ narrow, gray-green leaves strikingly edged white & long-lasting, compact clusters of chartreuse & white flower heads in late winter/early spring. [30] (W*)

Euphorbia rigida (biglandulosa), "BLUE EUPHORBIA" - Striking poinsettia relative w/ waxy, gray-green leaves arranged foxtail-fashion on thick stems; stems topped w/ chartreuse, dome-shaped flower clusters in winter. [20] (W*F*)

Gaura 'Pink Fountain', "PINK WANDFLOWER" - Choice form of this unusual perennial w/ broom-like habit & wandlike flower spikes that bear many dainty, 1-in., pink, butterfly-like flowers over long summer season. [32] (W*F*)

Goniolimon tataricum (Limonium tatarica), "GERMAN STATICE" - Heat & cold hardy perennial w/ rosettes of narrowly-oval, waxy leaves & long-lasting, airy sprays of tiny pale lavender flowers in spring/summer; good fresh or dried cutflower; good drainage. [12/9] (B*W*F*)

Habranthus robustus, "RAIN LILY" - Perennial from a bulb w/ strap-shaped, foliage & long-stemmed, lily-like, pink flowers in summer; a period of drought then irrigation after the first bloom may bring another flowering. [25] (H*)

Helichrysum 'Ruby Cluster', "RUBY CLUSTER EVERLASTING" - Mounding perennial w/ small, woolley leaves & deep pink, ball-like buds opening to light pink, papery, daisy-like flower heads w/ yellow centers; needs good drainage. [30] (B*W*F*)

Helictotrichon sempervirens, "BLUE OAT GRASS" - One of the most striking & widely adapted ornamental grasses; forms fountains of blue, slender leaves to 2+ ft.; needs good drainage. [20/5]

Hesperaloe parviflora, "CORAL YUCCA" - Drought tolerant, yucca-like perennial w/ clumps of 3-ft., narrow leaves & tall spikes of long lasting, coral-colored flowers in early summer & later. [25] (H*W*F*)

Heuchera 'Canyon Duet', "CORAL BELLS" - Dwarf perennial forming tight clumps of rounded, lobed, deep green leaves & abundant, airy spikes of tiny, glittering, dark rose & white flowers over long spring/summer season; Calif. native hybrid. [32] (H*C*F*)

Heuchera 'Santa Ana Cardinal', "CORAL BELLS" - Perennial forming tight clumps of rounded, deep green leaves & abundant, airy spikes of tiny, rose red flowers over long spring/summer season; Calif. native hybrid & hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*C*F*)

Hilaria (Pleuraphis) rigida, "BIG GALLETA GRASS" - Large, Southwest desert native grass forming bushy clumps of light gray green, felty leaves & long stalked, wand-like flower heads; needs perfect drainage. [15] (W*C*)

Iris (Marty's dark purple self), "LOUISIANA IRIS" - Vigorous & easy perennial w/ lush, sword-shaped foliage to 4 ft. topped w/ large, solid dark purple flowers in spring; good vertical accent in moist site. [8]

Leucojum aestivum, "SUMMER SNOWFLAKE" - Pretty summer dormant bulb with slender, dark green, strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of nodding, white, bell-shaped flowers w/ green petal tips; easy & dependable. [21] (F*)

Leucophyta brownii nana, "CUSHION BUSH" - Water efficient, shrubby perennial w/ wiry stems & tiny leaves; makes tight, silvery-white mound w/ 1/2 in., golden button flowers in summer; needs good drainage (=Calocephalus). [32] (B*W*F*)

Liatris spicata, "BLAZING STAR" - U.S. native perennial forming clumps of grassy, dark green foliage & tall, fluffy, foxtail-like spikes of purple flowers in summer; needs good drainage; good cutflower. [9] (B*F*)

Limonium perezii, "SEA LAVENDER" - Bold, water efficient perennial w/ large, leathery, rounded leaves & long-stemmed clusters of purple & white flowers which are long lasting on the plant or cut in arrangements; butterfly favorite. [71] (B*W*F*)

Linum perenne ssp. lewisii, "PRAIRIE FLAX" - Dainty perennial w/ slender, wand-like branches lined foxtail-fashion w/ tiny, gray green leaves & topped by branching clusters of delicate, light blue flowers in late spring/summer. [20] (B*W*)

Lobelia laxiflora, "MEXICAN BUSH LOBELIA" - Water efficient, spreading perennial w/ 2 ft. stems from an underground, creeping stem; narrow leaves & open spikes of tubular, orange-red flowers born over long summer season. [20] (H*B*W*)

Lychnis chalcedonica, "MALTESE CROSS" - Old fashioned, Russian native perennial w/ light green, hairy leaves & terminal, rounded clusters of half-inch, scarlet flowers w/ deeply cleft petals; butterfly favorite. [15] (B*)

Mimulus aurantiacus 'Canary Frills', "HYBRID MONKEYFLOWER" - Calif. native hybrid, water efficient, shrubby perennial w/ shiny, narrow leaves & ruffled, trumpet-shaped, yellow flowers born over long spring to fall season; hummingbird favorite. [32] (H*B*W*C*)

Mimulus aurantiacus 'Orange', "HYBRID MONKEYFLOWER" - Calif. native hybrid, water efficient, shrubby perennial w/ shiny, narrow leaves & trumpet-shaped, orange flowers born over long spring to fall season; hummingbird favorite. [32] (H*B*W*C*)

Monardella macrantha 'Marian Sampson', "HUMMINGBIRD MINT" - Diminuitive Calif. native perennial forming a 6 in. high by 1 ft. mat of shiny, dark green leaves & showy clusters of 1.5 in., tubular, bright red flowers in spring and summer; needs good drainage. [25] (H*W*C*)

Moraea polystachya, "BUTTERFLY IRIS" - Pretty iris relative from a corm w/ a few dark green, grass-like leaves & 3-in., violet-blue, iris-like flowers w/ yellow markings produced 3-6 at a time over a long fall/winter season; needs no summer water. [10] (W*)

Muhlenbergia capillaris 'Regal Mist', "PINK MUHLEY" - Stunning, near-evergreen, clumping grass w/ fine-textured, dark green, waxy foliage & a cloud-like mass of misty pink flowers over the foliage in fall; cut back in early spring. [35] (W*)

Muhlenbergia dumosa, "BAMBOO MUHLEY" - Tough, graceful Arizona native grass w/ slender, bamboo-like stems & tiny leaf blades, forms a 4-5 ft. fountain-shaped cloud of fluffy foliage, flowers & seedheads. [14] (W*)

Muhlenbergia rigens, "DEERGRASS" - Tough & dramatic, Calif. native grass w/ graceful, gray-green leaves forming dense clumps & whiplike, silvery flower stalks in summer; remains green even w/out summer water. [20] (W*C*)

Narcissus (Oscar's cream), "NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident w/ narrow strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of 1-in, deliciously fragrant, solid cream-colored flwoers; gopher proof! [20/13] (W*F*S*)

Narcissus (Oscar's old fashioned double), "NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident w/ narrow strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of 1-in, deliciously fragrant, creamy white & yellow, many-petaled flowers; gopher proof! [9] (W*F*S*)

Narcissus (Oscar's white & orange), "NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident w/ narrow strap-shaped leaves & generous, long-stemmed clusters of starry, white flowers w/ small, orange central cups; gopher proof! [21] (W*F*S*)

Narcissus 'Paper White, "PAPER WHITE NARCISSUS" - Longtime Inland resident & old-fashioned favorite bulb; narrow strap-shaped leaves & long-stemmed clusters of 1-in, pure white, deliciously fragrant flowers in winter; gopher proof! [14] (W*F*S*)

Nassella (Stipa) cernua, "NODDING NEEDLEGRASS" - Drought tolerant, Calif. native grass.; open clumps of narrow, blue green leaves & tall, long-awned, graceful flower heads emerge purple, age to gold; can be summer dry. [15] (W*C*)

Nassella (Stipa) pulchra, "PURPLE NEEDLEGRASS" - Drought tolerant grass native to Santa Rosa Plateau & elsewhere in Calif.; open clumps of narrow leaves & tall, graceful flower heads emerge purple, age to gold. [4] (W*C*)

Oxalis tetraphylla (deppei) 'Iron Cross', "LUCKY CLOVER " - Clumping perennial w/ long-stalked, 3-in., "four-leaf-clover" leaves handsomely purple banded, & long stemmed clusters of 1-in., coral-pink flowers in summer; good drainage. [5]

Pelargonium 'Frank Hadlow', "PELARGONIUM" - Water efficient, easy, shrubby, old fashioned perennial, this one with handsome leaves marked red & edged white & double, coral flowers over long season. [37] (H*B*W*)

Pelargonium 'Ice Palace', "PELARGONIUM" - Water efficient, easy, shrubby, old fashioned perennial, this one a vigorous plant w/ clusters of pristine, white flowers over long season. [6] (H*B*W*)

Pelargonium 'Jeanne', "PELARGONIUM" - Water efficient, easy, shrubby, old fashioned perennial, this one w/ coral pink flowers w/ unusual, jagged-edged petals produced over a long season. [15] (H*B*W*)

Pelargonium peltatum (Al's lavender), "IVY GERANIUM" - Water efficient, easy groundcover perennial, this old-fashioned one a vigorous, wide-spreading plant w/ clusters of lavender-pink flowers over a long season. [27] (H*B*W*)

Pennisetum 'Fairy Tails', "EVERGREEN FOUNTAIN GRASS" - Water efficient perennial forming handsome clumps of arching, blue-green leaves & upright, long-stemmed, dark wheat-colored flower plumes in summer. [25] (W*F*)

Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum', "FOUNTAIN GRASS" - Drought tolerant perennial forming handsome clumps of narrow, burgundy leaves & long-stemmed, red-purple plumes of flowers in summer; sterile form, does not set seed. [5] (W*F*)

Penstemon cardinalis, "SCARLET PENSTEMON" - South TX & NM native perennial w/ large, leathery, dark green leaves & spikes of dark red, tubular flowers over long summer season; hummingbird favorite & needs good drainage. [20] (H*B*W*F*)

Penstemon eatonii, "FIRECRACKER PENSTEMON" - Calif. native, heat tolerant perennial w/ gray-green leaves & tall spikes of tubular, scarlet flowers in spring & early summer; needs some summer water & good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*C*F*)

Penstemon hetero. `Blue Springs', "TINTED PENSTEMON" - Nice selection of this Calif. native, spreading perennial w/ narrow, gray-green leaves & spikes of trumpet-shaped, bright sky blue flowers in late spring/early summer; needs good drainage. [20] (H*W*C*)

Penstemon palmeri, "PALMER'S PENSTEMON" - Calif. native perennial w/ thick, gray-green leaves & tall spikes of fragrant, short-tubular, light pink flowers in spring; needs perfect drainage. [20] (W*C*F*)

Penstemon pinifolius, "PINELEAF PENSTEMON" - Southwest native perennial w/ bright green, needle-like leaves & spikes of tubular, red-orange flowers in summer; needs moderate watering & good drainage; hummingbird favorite. [12] (H*W*F*)

Perovskia atriplicifolia `Longin', "RUSSIAN SAGE" - Many branched perennial w/ gray-green, ferny leaves & a cloud of intricate spikes of small, lavender-blue flowers over long summer season; good in arrangements. [20] (B*F*)

Phormium 'Apricot Queen', "NEW ZEALAND FLAX" - Dwarf selection of this popular accent plant; a 3-ft. tall clump of broad, strap-shaped leaves that are light yellow w/ green margins & apricot blushed; landscape or container. [32] (W*)

Phormium 'Maori Sunrise', "NEW ZEALAND FLAX" - Dwarf selection of this popular accent plant; a 3-ft. tall clump of broad, stiff, strap-shaped leaves that are pinkish orange aging to cream, margined & striped bronzy green; landscape or container. [32] (W*)

Ratibida columnifera, "MEXICAN HAT" - Adaptable Great Plains native perennial w/ slender leaves & distinctive, sombrero-shaped flower heads w/ a tall, dark central column & drooping, orange petal-like rays in summer. [20] (B*F*)

Rehmannia elata 'Snow Glow', "CHINESE FOXGLOVE" - Choice perennial w/ large, coarsly-toothed leaves & loose spikes of 3-in., bell-shaped, white flowers w/ yellow throats spring to fall; excellent cutflower & hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*F*)

Reinwardtia indica, "YELLOW FLAX" - Spectacular shrubby perennial w/ bright green leaves & 2-in, bright yellow, satiny, cup-shaped flowers over long winter season. [35/34]

Rhodocoma capensis, "RHODOCOMA" - Rare, horsetail-like perennial forming handsome, fluffy clumps of thread-like, shiny green, jointed stems; for garden or waterside planting; not invasive; no phosphorus fertilizer. [8] (F*)

Ruellia brittoniana 'Blanca', "DWARF WHITE RUELLIA" - Ultracompact variety of this heat-loving perennial w/ deep green, narrow leaves forming a tight mound, dotted w/ white, trumpet-shaped flowers over long summer season. [29]

Ruellia brittoniana (compact pink), "RUELLIA" - Three-foot, compact variety of this heat-loving perennial w/ dark green, narrow leaves & pretty, 1 in., pink trumpet-shaped flowers w/ dark pink throats throughout warm weather. [28/18] (H*)

Russelia equisetiformis (red), "CORAL FOUNTAIN" - Spectacular penstemon relative w/ bright green, horsetail-like, arching, stems & tubular, bright red flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite; good in containers. [12] (H*F*)

Russelia equisetiformis 'Aurea', "CORAL FOUNTAIN" - Rare yellow form of this unusual penstemon relative w/ horsetail-like, arching, stems & tubular, soft yellow flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite; good in containers. [31/21] (H*F*)

Russelia equisetiformis 'Flamingo Park', "CORAL FOUNTAIN" - Spectacular penstemon relative w/ horsetail-like, arching, stems & tubular, coral-pink flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite; good in containers. [36] (H*F*)

Russelia equisetiformis 'St. Elmo's Fire', "CORAL FOUNTAIN" - Spectacular penstemon relative w/ small leaves on bright green, horsetail-like, arching, stems & trumpet-shaped, bright red flowers over a long season; hummingbird favorite; good in containers. [33] (H*F*)

Salvia blepharophylla, "EYELASH-LEAFED SAGE" - Mounding perennial spreading by underground stems, w/ purple-tinted foliage & loose spikes of half-inch, brilliant red flowers over long season; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*)

Salvia chamaedryoides, "GERMANDER SAGE" - Compact, shrubby perennial spreading by underground runners; small, gray-green leaves contrast w/ small, bright blue flowers in early summer & fall. [16/11] (B*W*)

Salvia confertiflora, "SALVIA" - Tall, shrubby perennial w/ dark yellow-green, velvety leaves & slender, foot-long, brick-red, velvety flower spikes dotted w/ tiny, orange-red flowers; good cutflower. [40] (H*F*)

Salvia darcyi, "GALEANA RED SAGE" - Herbaceous perennial salvia w/ light green, triangular leaves & many spikes of 1.5 in., tubular, coral red flowers over long summer season; hummingbird favorite. [12] (H*)

Salvia guaranitica 'Costa Rica', "COSTA RICA SAGE" - Bold, shrubby perennial w/ large, deep green, crinkled leaves & tall spikes of 2-in., deep blue-purple flowers over long season; hummingbird favorite. [38] (H*F*)

Salvia involucrata, "ROSELEAF SAGE" - Tall, shrubby perennial w/ velvety leaves & foot-long spikes of rich, rose-pink, tubular flowers & puffy bracts of the same color, produced in late summer/fall; flowers last well in arrangements. [19/6] (H*F*)

Salvia madrensis 'Red Neck Girl', "RED STEMMED FORSYTHIA SAGE" - Tall, shrubby perennial w/ square, reddish stems, bright green, rough textured, heart-shaped leaves & 1-2-ft. long, spikes of 1-in., butter yellow, tubular flowers in fall/winter; good cutflower. [15/8] (H*F*)

Salvia officinalis 'Icterina', "CULINARY SAGE" - Handsome selection of culinary sage forming a low carpet of deliciously aromatic, gray-green leaves w/ gold margins; this form apparently doesn't form flowers. [32] (W*F*)

Senecio petasitis, "VELVET GROUNDSEL" - Really a giant, dramatic perennial, but use like a large shrub; large, velvety leaves & foot-long masses of scented yellow daisies. [9] (B*F*)

Setcreasea pallida 'Purple Heart', "PURPLE HEART" - Fast-growing, wide spreading, groundcover perennial from Mexico w/ vivid purple, succulent leaves & stems & small, starry, pale purple flowers; good in containers. [40]

Sinningia tubiflora, "HARDY SINNINGIA" - Surprisingly hardy, tuberous perennial w/ velvety, crinkled leaves & long-stalked clusters of 3-in, tubular, fragrant, white waxy flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [8] (S*)

Sisyrinchium bellum 'California Skies', "BLUE-EYED GRASS" - Dwarf selection of this Calif. native iris relative w/ dainty tufts of grassy foliage & pretty, sky blue flowers w/ a yellow eye; blooms in spring/early summer; can take much or little water. [20] (W*C*)

Solidago multiradiata, "NORTHERN GOLDENROD" - Calif. native perennial forming a spreading mat of green foliage and fluffy spikes of golden yellow flower heads in late summer/fall. [22] (B*C*)

Sphaeralcea ambigua, "APRICOT MALLOW" - Drought tolerant, Calif. desert native perennial w/ yellow-green fuzzy leaves & tall spikes of hollyhock-like, glowing coral orange flowers with silky petals over long spring-summer season. [25] (H*W*C*)

Sporobolus airoides , "ALKALI DROPSEED" - Widely adapted Calif. native grass forming a fountain of narrow, gray-green leaves & finely branching clusters of tiny, pink flower heads rising like mist over the foliage in summer. [20] (W*C*)

Stanleya pinnata, "PRINCE'S PLUME" - Calif. native, drought tolerant, shrubby perennial w/ narrow, gray green leaves & tall, fluffy spikes of yellow flowers in spring; needs good drainage; not for beginners. [4] (W*C*)

Strelitzia reginae, "BIRD-OF-PARADISE" - Perennial w/ tough, long-stalked blue-green leaves & long-stemmed, bird-like, orange & blue flowers, produced intermittantly through year; flowers prized for arrangements. [12] (H*W*F*)

Tetraneurus acaulis, "ANGELITA DAISY" - Calif. & southwest native, mounding perennial w/ narrow, green, aromatic leaves & yellow daisy flowers produced much of the year; loves heat, needs good drainage (=Hymenoxys). [20] (B*W*C*)

Thymus x citriodorus 'Argenteus', "SILVER LEMON THYME" - Diminuitive, shrubby perennial herb w/ tiny, white-margined, lemon-scented leaves & masses of tiny, lavender pink flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [32] (B*W*)

Thymus juniperifolia, "JUNIPER THYME" - Diminuitive, shrubby perennial herb w/ tiny, gray green, aromatic leaves & masses of tiny, lavender pink flowers in summer; needs good drainage. [32] (B*W*)

Thymus serpyllum 'Lemon Curd', "MOTHER OF THYME" - Choice selection of this mat-forming herb w/ tiny, medium green, lemon-scented leaves & masses of tiny, lavender pink flowers in spring/summer; can take some foot traffic. [32] (B*W*)

Tulbaghia 'Fairy Star', "SOCIETY GARLIC" - Miniature hybrid of this easy, long-blooming perennial forming clumps of slender, grassy foliage & long-stemmed clusters of dainty, pale pink flowers w/ dark centers. [12] (W*)

Tulbaghia natalensis, "SWEET WILD GARLIC" - Rare South African perennial forming tight, low clumps of slender, aromatic leaves & long-stemmed clusters of small, pink flowers w/ orange centers - deliciously clove scented. [21] (S*)

Verbena lilacina 'De La Mina', "CEDROS IS. VERBENA" - Dark-flowered form of this water efficient, shrubby perennial w/ lacy foliage & head-like clusters of starry, lavender-pink, deliciously fragrant flowers much of the year. [32] (B*W*F*S*)

Verbena pulchella gracilior, "MOSS VERBENA" - Tough & easy groundcover w/ dark green, ferny foliage & rounded clusters of starry, purple flowers over long spring to summer season; butterfly favorite. [3] (B*W*)

Verbena rigida, "SANDPAPER VERBENA" - Easy, heat-loving, spreading perennial w/ dark green, sandpapery leaves & upright, cylindrical clusters of tiny, purple flowers in summer & fall; butterfly favorite. [5] (B*W*)

Vetiveria zizanioides, "VETIVER" - Adaptable clumping grass w/ slender, deep green leaves & tall, plume-like flower spikes in late summer; dried roots are aromatic when moistened & used in screens, fans, etc. [9] (W*F*)

Watsonia borbonica (white), "WHITE BUGLE LILY" - Gladiolus relative forming fans of sword-shaped leaves & spikes of white, funnel-shaped flowers in late spring; can be dry in summer or not; hummingbird favorite. [23] (H*W*F*)

Yucca whipplei, "WHIPPLE'S YUCCA" - Tough & spectacular Calif. native w/ narrow, stiff leaves & dramatic 5-10 ft., Christmas-tree-shaped spike of white waxy flowers; single rosette dies after flowering. [23] (W*C*)

Zantedeschia aethiopica, "COMMON CALLA" - Easy perennial w/ bold, deep green, arrow-shaped leaves & classic flowers w/ 8-in., silky white spathe & protruding yellow spadix. [9] (F*)

Zephyranthes candida, "WHITE RAIN LILY" - Easy, evergreen perennial from a bulb, w/ shiny deep green, grassy foliage & an abundance of single-stemmed, white, lily-like flowers in late summer/fall. [20] (W*)

Zephyranthes drummondii, "HILL COUNTRY RAIN LILY" - Evergreen perennial from a bulb, w/ narrow leaves & single-stemmed, white, lily-like flowers that are wonderfully fragrant; flowers in late spring & early summer (=Cooperia pendunculata). [20] (W*S*)

Zephyranthes flavissima, "YELLOW RAIN LILY" - Easy perennial from a bulb, w/ deep green, grassy foliage & single-stemmed, yellow, lily-like flowers in summer; flowers born in successive flushes. [20] (W*)

Zephyranthes 'Labuffarosa', "PINK RAIN LILY" - Easy perennial from a bulb, w/ deep green, grassy foliage & an abundance of single-stemmed, rose pink, lily-like flowers in late spring/summer; flowers born in successive flushes. [9] (W*)

Zephyranthes 'Prairie Sunset', "PINK RAIN LILY" - Easy perennial from a bulb, w/ deep green, grassy foliage & peachy-pink, single-stemmed, crocus-like flowers in summer; flowers born in successive flushes. [19] (W*)

Cacti & Succulents

Aeoneum arboreum, "SHRUBBY AEONIUM" - Succulent, branching shrub w/ thick stems terminated in rosettes of shiny green leaves & conical clusters of fluffy, yellow flowers on 8-in. stalks; good in landscape or container. [8] (W*)

Aeoneum arboreum 'Atropurpureum', "SHRUBBY AEONIUM" - Succulent, branching shrub w/ thick stems terminated in rosettes of shiny, green leaves tinged dark purple-red & conical clusters of fluffy, yellow flowers on 8-in. stalks; good in landscape or container. [23] (W*)

Aeoneum arboreum 'Schwartzkopf', "BLACK ROSE" - Succulent, branching shrub w/ thick stems terminated in rosettes of shiny, nearly black leaves & conical clusters of fluffy, yellow flowers on 8-in. stalks; good in landscape or container. [8] (W*)

Agave attenuata, "FOXTAIL AGAVE" - Spineless agave forming a 2-3-ft. rosette of large, soft, pale green leaves & a dramatic, arching spike of tubular, yellow green flowers; plantlets form on maturing flower spike; landscape or container. [13] (W*)

Agave attenuata, "FOXTAIL AGAVE" - Spineless agave forming a 2-3-ft. rosette of large, soft, pale green leaves & a dramatic, arching spike of tubular, yellow green flowers; plantlets form on maturing flower spike; landscape or container. [20] (W*)

Aloe arborescens, "CANDELABRA ALOE" - Shrub or tree w/ many branches topped by rosettes of thorny, succulent leaves & 3-ft., unbranched spikes of tubular, scarlet flowers in winter; good hedge or barrier plant; hummingbird favorite. [19] (H*W*)

Aloe arborescens, "CANDELABRA ALOE" - Shrub or tree w/ many branches topped by rosettes of thorny, succulent leaves & 3-ft., unbranched spikes of tubular, scarlet flowers in winter; good hedge or barrier plant; hummingbird favorite. [14] (H*W*)

Aloe barbadensis, "ALOE VERA" - Succulent perennial forming many stemless rosettes of upright, fleshy, gray green leaves & 3-5 ft., branching spikes of tubular, yellow flowers; many herbal uses; hummingbird favorite. [14] (H*W*)

Aloe barbadensis hybrid, "ALOE VERA HYBRID" - Succulent perennial forming many stemless rosettes of upright, fleshy, light green leaves w/ spots & 3-5 ft., branching spikes of tubular, orange flowers; hummingbird favorite. [7] (H*W*)

Aloe barbadensis hybrid, "ALOE VERA HYBRID" - Succulent perennial forming many stemless rosettes of upright, fleshy, light green leaves w/ spots & 3-5 ft., branching spikes of tubular, orange flowers; hummingbird favorite. [6] (H*W*)

Aloe barberae (A. bainesii), "TREE ALOE" - Statuesque tree w/ many pale branches topped by contrasting rosettes of recurved, dark green succulent leaves & dense spikes of tubular, rose pink flowers in winter; hummingbird favorite. [6] (H*W*)

Aloe 'Blue Elf', "BLUE ELF ALOE" - Compact, succulent perennial forming many stemless rosettes of narrow, silvery-blue, toothed leaves & spikes of tubular, coral red flowers in winter & spring; hummingbird favorite. [35] (H*W*)

Aloe brevifolia, "SHORT-LEAVED ALOE" - Succulent perennial forming dense, spreading clumps; stemless rosettes of short, fleshy, gray green, toothed leaves & spikes of tubular, red flowers in late summer; hummingbird favorite. [27] (H*W*)

Aloe ciliaris, "CLIMBING ALOE" - Vining, succulent shrub, the slender branches lined w/ thin-textured, dark green, finely toothed leaves & short spikes of tubular, red flowers w/ yellow tips; best w/ support; hummingbird favorite. [7] (H*W*)

Aloe dorotheae, "SUNSET ALOE" - Succulent perennial forming stemless rosettes of toothed, yellow green to orange red, fleshy leaves (young leaves w/ spots) & spikes of tubular, yellow-tipped, orange flowers; hummingbird favorite. [12] (H*W*)

Aloe gracilis, "SCRAMBLING ALOE" - Succulent shrub forming stands of semi-erect stems lined w/ narrow, gray-green, small-toothed leaves & 1-ft. spikes of deep red, pendulous flowers in winter; good low hedge; hummingbird favorite. [22] (H*W*)

Aloe juvenna, "TIGER TOOTH ALOE" - Succulent, groundcovering perennial forming many upright stems densely clothed in fleshy, bright green, spotted leaves w/ white, marginal teeth; orange red, tubular flowers rarely produced. [14] (W*)

Aloe x principis, "HYBRID ALOE" - Succulent shrub forming many large rosettes of fleshy, gray-green, toothed leaves & bicolored flower spikes - the bright yellow flowers opening from red buds; hummingbird favorite. [14] (H*W*)

Aloe saponaria, "SOAP ALOE" - Succulent perennial forming many stemless rosettes of fleshy, broadly lance-shaped, spotted leaves & tubular, orange flowers in 3 ft., branching, candelabra-like flower clusters; hummingbird favorite. [20] (H*W*)

Aloe saponaria, "SOAP ALOE" - Succulent perennial forming many stemless rosettes of fleshy, broadly lance-shaped, spotted leaves & tubular, orange flowers in 3 ft., branching, candelabra-like flower clusters; hummingbird favorite. [5] (H*W*)

Austrocylindropuntia subulata, "EVE'S NEEDLE CACTUS" - Much-branched, tree-like cactus to 15 ft. w/ cylindrical branches, bright green, persistant, awl-shaped leaves & large, red, many-petaled flowers in spring; 3-in., needle-like spines develop w/ age. [15] (W*)

Cereus peruvianus, "PERUVIAN APPLE CACTUS" - Much-branched, tree-form cactus to 15 ft. w/ 6-8-ribbed, gray green stems, 8-in., many-petaled, white flowers opening at night in summer & delicious, magenta-red fruit w/ white flesh. [26] (W*)

Cereus peruvianus 'Monstrosus', "MONSTROSE APPLE CACTUS" - Much-branched, tree-form cactus to 15 ft. w/ irregularly-ribbed, gray green stems, 8-in., many-petaled, white flowers opening at night in summer & delicious, pale orange fruit w/ white flesh. [18] (W*)

Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblongata 'Macrantha', "SCARLET BELLS" - Stout-trunked, succulent shrub w/ rounded, gray, fleshy leaves edged in red & clusters of showy, orange-red, bell-shaped flowers on stiff stalks; hummingbird favorite. [14] (W*)

Crassula ovata 'Tricolor', "TRICOLOR JADE" - Versatile, slow growing, succulent shrub w/ fleshy, rounded leaves striped green, white & cream, & rounded clusters of pinkish white flowers in fall/winter; landscape or container; good for beginners. [10] (W*)

Echeveria 'Doris Taylor', "VELVET ROSE" - Stemless succulent perennial forming rosettes of fleshy, dark green, red-tipped leaves covered in soft, white hairs & spikes of orange, tubular flowers that attract hummingbirds. [25] (H*W*)

Euphorbia acrurensis, "MILK TREE" - Stiff-branched, succulent tree w/ dark green, columnar, 4-ribbed stems, the ribs edged in short thorns, tiny leaves near the branch tips & many tiny, waxy, yellow flowers; protect from frost. [5] (W*)

Euphorbia acrurensis, "MILK TREE" - Stiff-branched, succulent tree w/ dark green, columnar, 4-ribbed stems, the ribs edged in short thorns, tiny leaves near the branch tips & many tiny, waxy, yellow flowers; protect from frost. [8] (W*)

Euphorbia grandidens, "BIG-TOOTH EUPHORBIA" - Succulent tree w/ dark- & pale green-patterned, 3-ribbed stems, the ribs handsomely edged in white thorns; an abundance of tiny, waxy, yellow flowers are produced along upper ribs in spring; frost tender. [14] (W*)

Euphorbia horrida, "AFRICAN MILK BARREL" - Mounding, succulent shrub w/ thick, gray green, sharply-ridged stems, ridges lined w/ spines formed from old flower stems; tiny, red-brown flowers at the branch tips are conspicuous; frost tender. [5] (W*)

Euphorbia horrida, "AFRICAN MILK BARREL" - Mounding, succulent shrub w/ thick, gray green, sharply-ridged stems; ridges lined w/ spines formed from old flower stems; tiny, red-brown flowers appearing at the branch tips are conspicuous; frost tender. [8] (W*)

Euphorbia loricata, "AFRICAN PALM TREE" - Many-branched, succulent shrub w/ thick, green, corn-cob-like stems topped by long, narrow leaves & interesting, long-stalked clusters of chartreuse flowers; frost tender. [17] (W*)

Euphorbia tirucalli, "MILK BUSH" - Near-leafless, many-branched, succulent tree w/ slender, dark green, cylindrical branches & tiny red flowers appearing year around; frost tender; milky sap especially irritating. [17] (W*)

Graptopetalum paraguayense, "GHOST PLANT" - Succulent perennial w/ trailing stems forming many rosettes of fleshy, spoon-shaped, gray-green leaves tinged pink; branching clusters of star-shaped, white flowers w/ red spots; good groundcover. [16] (W*)

Myrtillocactus cochal, "CANDELABRA CACTUS" - Short-trunked, much-branched, tree-form cactus to 10 ft. w/ 6-8-ribbed, blue-green stems, the ribs dotted w/ stout thorns; tiny, many-petaled, greenish-white flowers in spring/summer, opening during the day. [6] (W*)

Myrtillocactus geometrizansl, "WHORTLEBERRY CACTUS" - Candelabra-branched, tree-form cactus to 20 ft. w/ ribbed, blue-green stems, tiny, many-petaled, white flowers followed by small, dark purple, spineless fruits that are very tasty. [24] (W*)

Opuntia basilaris, "BEAVERTAIL CACTUS" - Succulent shrub to 1 ft. tall & 3 ft. wide w/ nearly spinless, paddle-shaped, jointed branches, these "pads" gray green blushed purple, & spectacular, bowl-shaped, rose purple flowers; needs good drainage. [8] (H*W*)

Opuntia bigelovei, "TEDDYBEAR CHOLLA" - Much admired, succulent shrub w/ cylindrical, succulent, jointed branches in covered in vicious, interwoven, yellow spines & 1.5 in., pale green flowers w/ purple veining; needs good drainage. [10] (W*)

Opuntia cochenillifera (A), "COCHINEAL NOPAL CACTUS" - Tree-form, prickly-pear-type cactus w/ distinct trunk & large, jointed, ascending branches formed of narrow pads; tubular, magenta-purple flowers attract hummingbirds, bees & butterflies. [12] (W*)

Opuntia ficus-indica, "INDIAN FIG" - Tree-form, prickly-pear-type cactus w/ well-developed trunk & jointed branches formed of broad, nearly thornless pads; yellow to orange flowers followed by large, yellow to red, edible fruits. [17] (H*W*)

Opuntia gosseliniana, "FLAPJACK CACTUS" - Succulent shrub to 3 ft. tall & 6 ft. wide w/ nearly round, flat, jointed branches, these "pads" blue blushed purple, & bowl-shaped, yellow flowers w/ satiny petals; needs good drainage. [13] (H*W*)

Opuntia monacantha 'Variegata', "JOSEPH'S COAT" - Tree-shaped, prickly-pear-type cactus to 6 ft. w/ jointed branches formed of nearly thornless, narrow pads that are handsomely patterned white, yellow & green; flowers will be yellow or red. [13] (H*W*)

Opuntia quimilo, "QUIMILO" - Tree form prickly-pear-type cactus w/ short, rounded pads & enormous thorns (to 6 in. long); many-petaled, bright red flowers produced abundantly over long spring season. [9] (W*)

Opuntia quimilo, "QUIMILO" - Tree form prickly-pear-type cactus w/ short, rounded pads & enormous thorns (to 6 in. long); many-petaled, bright red flowers produced abundantly over long spring season. [6] (W*)

Pachycereus marginatus, "ORGAN CACTUS" - Large, succulent shrub, to 16 ft., w/ columnar, unbranched, gray green stems w/ few ribs, the ribs edged white & w/ short, white spines; small, pinkish flowers produced only on older plants. [19] (W*)

Pachycereus marginatus, "ORGAN CACTUS" - Large, succulent shrub, to 16 ft., w/ columnar, unbranched, gray green stems w/ few ribs, the ribs edged white & w/ short, white spines; small, pinkish flowers produced only on older plants. [8] (W*)

Portulacaria afra, "ELEPHANT FOOD" - Versatile, succulent, S. African shrub to 12 ft. w/ thick, reddish stems & small, dark green, rounded leaves; tiny, pink flowers rarely produced; can be used as hedge, screen, container plant or bonsai. [12] (W*)

Sedum dendroideum, "BUSH SEDUM" - Succulent, Mexican shrub to 3 ft. high & wide w/ 2-in., bright yellow green, rounded leaves & branching clusters of starry, vivid yellow flowers produced above the foliage in winter/spring. [22] (W*)

Shade Plants

Abutilon pictum 'Aureo-maculatum', "FLOWERING MAPLE" - Fast-growing, evergreen shrub w/ maple-like leaves spotted & blotched w/ glowing yellow-white & nodding, bell-shaped, yellow-orange flowers w/ crimson veins over long season. [13/11/10] (H*)

Anemone hybrida 'Pamina', "JAPANESE ANEMONE" - Long-lived, spreading perennial w/ soft, lobed, basal leaves & tall, graceful, branching stems topped in fall by elegant, semi-double, rose pink flowers; partial shade. [13] (F*)

Anemone hybrida 'Prince Henry', "JAPANESE ANEMONE" - Long-lived, spreading perennial w/ soft, lobed, basal leaves & tall, graceful, branching stems topped in fall by elegant, semi-double, purple-red flowers; partial shade. [9] (F*)

Aspidistra elatior, "CAST-IRON PLANT" - Victorian favorite - tough plant indoors or outdoors, w/ bold, deep green, long-stalked leaves; can take even deep shade & some drought. [15/10]

Aucuba japonica 'Variegata', "GOLD DUST PLANT" - Sturdy shrub for shade densly clothed in shiny, dark green, coarsely toothed leaves that are handsomely spotted glowing yellow; dark maroon flowers inconspicuous. [12]

Begonia grandis, "HARDY BEGONIA" - Hardiest begonia; angular, coppery leaves w/ red undersides topped by sprays of dainty, pink flowers over long summer season; spreads by bulblets in leaf axils. [20] (H*)

Begonia 'Pink Shasta', "SHRUB BEGONIA" - Shrubby begonia w/ succulent stems, shiny, wing-shaped, ruffled leaves & clusters of glistening coral pink flowers w/ yellow centers over long summer season; flowers edible. [19] (H*)

Billbergia nutans hybrid (#1), "QUEEN'S TEARS" - Exotic perennial w/ urn-shaped clusters of sea green leaves & pink-bracted, pendulous spikes of blue, green & yellow flowers; containers or landscape. [22] (H*F*)

Carex morrowii 'Ice Dance', "VARIEGATED JAPANESE SEDGE" - Moisture-loving, grass-like plant forming carpeting mounds of slender, gracefully arching, deep green leaves w/ creamy-white margins. [29]

Clerodendrum chinense pleniflorum, "GLORY BOWER" - Rare, open shrub spreading underground by runners; large, heart-shaped leaves & rounded, bouquet-like clusters of sweetly fragrant, pale pink, double flowers over long summer season. [8] (B*F*S*)

Costus barbatus, "STEPLADDER PLANT" - Rare tropical plant w/ handsome foliage spirally-arranged on cane-like stems & exotic, red-bracted, conelike inflorescence bearing yellow, tubular flowers; mildest inland areas or protected patios. [29] (H*F*)

Elettaria cardamomom, "CARDAMOM" - Cardamom of commerce grown here for bold, tropical-looking, deliciously aromatic foliage on cane-like stems; has not flowered or fruited for us. [18/11] (F*S*)

Fuchsia 'Gartenmeister', "GARTENMEISTER FUCHSIA" - Evergreen shrub for container or landscape w/ dark, reddish foliage & spikes of pendant, salmon-red flowers over long season; selected for inland gardens; hummingbird favorite. [5] (H*)

Fuchsia (Jack's red & violet cascade), "FUCHSIA" - Inland tested, reliable fuchsia; lush, green foliage on pendant branches & abundant flowers that are dainty, 1.5 in., red & violet bells, produced in summer/fall; hummingbird favorite. [10] (H*)

Geranium maderense, "MADEIRA CRANESBILL" - Most unusual & giant true geranium w/ handsome, finely divided leaves & enormous, branching, inflorescence of many 1-in., dark magenta flowers over long spring season. [25] (B*)

Hedychium coronarium, "WHITE GINGER LILY" - Dramatic perennial w/ bold, tropical-looking foliage on cane-like stems & 6-12-in., cone-like spikes of exotic, glistening white, deliciously scented flowers in fall. [10/8] (F*S*)

Hypericum androsaemum, "SWEET-AMBER, TUTSAN" - Near evergreen, mounding shrub w/ medium green leaves, clusters of 3/4 in., golden yellow flowers in summer & attractive, berry-like fruits that are a commercial cutflower. [29] (F*)

Justicia aurea, "GOLDEN PLUME" - Spectacular, subtropical shrub for part or light shade; rich green, bold foliage & long lasting, dense, foot-long spikes of bright yellow, tubular flowers in winter. [7] (H*)

Justicia 'Fruit Salad', "SHRIMP PLANT" - Tender shrub for part or light shade in a protected spot; produces red-bracted, shrimp-shaped spikes of white tubular flowers over long spring to summer season. [29] (H*)

Justicia rizzinii, "FIRECRACKER FLOWER" - Tender, compact shrub for part or light shade in a protected spot; small, mid-green leaves & clusters of tubular, red & yellow flowers in winter. [7] (H*)

Lamium maculatum 'Aureum', "SPOTTED NETTLE" - Striking groundcover perennial or hanging basket plant for shade; light green & gold, toothed leaves w/ silver mid-stripe & spikes of pink flowers in summer. [12]

Liriope spicata 'Silver Dragon', "CREEPING LILY TURF" - Reliable & versatile groundcover for shade, wide-spreading by underground stems; handsome, grass-like, deep green leaves finely striped w/ white; can be invasive. [15]

Malvaviscus arboreus var. mexicanus, "TURKSCAP" - Medium-sized, spreading or clambering shrub w/ fresh green foliage & red, pendulous flowers throughout warm weather; hummingbird favorite. [24] (H*)

Malvaviscus mollis, "SLEEPING HIBISCUS" - Spreading or clambering shrub w/ velvety, bright green, maple-like leaves & red, tube-shaped flowers throughout warm weather; hummingbird favorite. [5] (H*)

Monstera deliciosa, "SPLIT-LEAF PHILODENDRON" - Tropical vine w/ thick stem, huge, long-stalked leaves that are deeply divided & perforated, 10-in., white, calla-like flowers & edible fruit (must be completely ripe to eat); protect from frost. [5]

Nephrolepis obliterata 'Medusa', "MEDUSA FERN" - Compact Boston fern relative hardy enough for landscape in mildest Inland areas; tight clumps of stiff, feather-shaped, bright green fronds to 1 ft. tall; multiplies by wiry runners. [11]

Odontonema strictum, "CARDINAL'S GUARD" - Fast-growing, bold, evergreen shrub for shade or part shade w/ handsome, deep green leaves & contrasting spikes of red, tubular flowers. [18] (H*F*)

Pellaea rotundifolia, "BUTTON FERN" - True fern, for landscape or patio/houseplant; tight clumps of fronds w/ dark main stem lined with round, deep green leaflets; near dry between waterings. [3]

Plectranthus forsteri 'Marginatus', "WHITE-EDGED PLECTRANTHUS" - Viny perennial for light shade, related to coleus; velvety, medium green, ovate leaves margined irregularly creamy white; spikes of tiny, pale mauve flowers produced intermittently. [12] (B*W*)

Plectranthus fruticosa, "SPUR FLOWER" - Pretty, shrubby perennial w/ textured, heart-shaped leaves becomes covered in many branching spikes of tiny, blue-purple flowers in fall. [L-DF/L-IF] (B*)

Polypodium guttatum, "MEX. LEATHERY POLYPODY" - Choice, Mexican, true fern w/ leathery, rich green, once-divided fronds growing upright from a short-creeping rhizome; good drainage in filtered sun or shade. [10]

Pyrrosia lingua 'Variegata', "VARIEG. JAPANESE FELT FERN" - Rare, variegated form of this tough, true fern, w/ wiry, creeping rhizomes & leathery, tongue-shaped green fronds marked yellow-green; hanging basket or small-scale groundcover. [15]

Rhapis excelsa, "DWARF LADY PALM" - Choice, slow-growing palm w/ bamboo-like, fiber-covered stems, hand-shaped, rich green fronds w/ pleated, finger-like divisions; one of the finest houseplants. [5]

Ribes viburnifolium, "CATALINA PERFUME" - Calif. native, evergreen, wide-spreading shrub for dry shade; handsome, shiny, dark green foliage is deliciously fruit scented; small, rose pink flowers in winter/spring. [15] (W*C*)

Salvia chiapensis, "CHIAPAS SAGE" - Perennial of open habit to 3 ft. tall by 4 ft. wide, w/ shiny, rich green leaves & erect, foot-long spikes of tubular, magenta flowers in summer; hummingbird favorite. [14/10] (H*)

Schefflera arboricola, "HAWAIIAN ELF SCHEFFLERA" - Shrub for protected landscape location or house/patio plant; deep green, 6-in. leaves divided like a hand into 3-in. pointed leaflets; excellent container plant; flowers unimportant. [9]

Veltheimia bracteata, "VELTHEIMIA" - Choice bulb for light shade w/ handsome, wavy-edged, shiny foliage & long-stemmed, spike-like clusters of tubular, green-tipped pink flowers in late winter/early spring. [19] (H*F*)

Woodwardia fimbriata, "GIANT CHAIN FERN" - Hard to find, Calif. native, fern forming upright clumps of bright green, lacy fronds, the backs often with a chain-stitch pattern of spores; surprisingly tough once established. [32] (C*)


House & Patio Plants

Acalypha hispida, "CHENILLE PLANT" - Fast-growing, easy shrub for summer patio or houseplant; large, heart-shaped leaves & drooping, 5-in., crimson, chenille-like flower spikes through warm weather; pinch to promote bushiness. [6]

Aglaeonema commutatum, "CHINESE EVERGREEN" - Easy, clump-forming houseplant w/ long-stalked, deep, rich green leaves banded silvery green, pale green flowers & showy, orange-red, berry-like fruits. [6]

Aglaeonema modestum, "CHINESE EVERGREEN" - Clump forming, reliable houseplant w/ long-stalked, deep, rich green leaves, pale green flowers & showy, orange-red, berry-like fruits. [4]

Aglaeonema 'Silver Queen', "CHINESE EVERGREEN" - Clump forming houseplant w/ long-stalked, slender-bladed, bright green leaves w/ creamy green mottling & showy, orange-red, berry-like fruits. [9]

Alocasia 'Polly', "AFRICAN MASK PLANT" - Handsome tropical w/ large, arrow-shaped leaves that are deep, glossy green w/ silvery-green main veins & scalloped margins, purple beneath; needs warmth & high humidity. [16/9]

Anthurium hybrids (assorted), "ANTHURIUM" - Handsome houseplant w/ heart-shaped, shiny leaves & exotic "flower" consisting of a heart-shaped spathe & protruding spadix in assorted, named colors; keep warm & moist & mist frequently. [19] (F*)

Aporocactus flagelliformis, "RAT-TAIL CACTUS" - Tropical jungle cactus w/ slender, pendant stems covered in soft spines can hang to 6 ft. & bear showy, three-inch, red-purple flowers in late spring; water moderately, keep drier in winter. [16] (H*)

Amorphophallus rivieri, "DEVIL'S TONGUE" - Smaller version of famous corpse flower; single large, divided umbrella-shaped leaf grows from a tuber;some years producing a huge, calla-shaped, maroon red "flower" w/ odor of rotting flesh. [12]

Ardisia crenata 'Variegata', "VARIEGATED MARLBERRY" - Choice, tender shrub for patio or houseplant; handsome, shiny green, quilted leaves edged creamy white, tiny pinkish, summer flowers & bright red, bead-like berries in fall/winter. [16]

Asparagus setaceus, "FERN ASPARAGUS" - Evergreen, twining vine w/ wiry, thorny stems & paper-flat sprays of dark green, thread-like "leaves" that form fern-like sprays; tiny white flowers & blue berries; long lasting in flower arrangements. [5] (F*)

Bowiea volubilis, "CLIMBING ONION" - Curious South African bulb, the shiny, bright green bulb above the soil surface producing much-branched, bright green, thread-like stems & small, starry, green flowers; summer dormant. [12]

Bromeliad - Billbergia amoena, "LIVING VASE" - Versatile, exotic perennial w/ urn-shaped clusters of coppery green leaves w/ creamy-white spots & cerise-bracted spikes of tubular, apple green & blue flowers; container or landscape. [5] (H*F*)

Bromeliad - Neoregelia 'Rio Red', "LIVING VASE" - Easy plant for patio in all but coldest weather; vase-like rosette of stiff leaves mottled bright red & green; violet flowers born partly submerged in "vase" in center of plant. [14]

Bromeliad - Tillandsia lindenii, "LIVING VASE" - Different from many other Tillandsia sp. in being green and having leaves forming a water-holding vase; spectacular hot pink, paddle-shaped flower spike w/ large, violet flowers; good indoors. [16] (H*)

Buddleia indica, "INDOOR OAK" - Handsome shrubby houseplant or summer patio plant w/ glossy, deep green leaves w/ wavy margins; prune or pinch to maintain bushiness (= Nicodemia diversifolia). [8]

Cissus tuberosa, (NO COMMON NAME) - Unusual, tender vine from Mexico w/ curious, irregularly swollen stems & pretty, snowflake-like, hand-shaped leaves; keep moist in summer, drier in winter. [6]

Clusia rosea, "SIGNITURE PLANT" - Uncommon, tropical evergreen tree w/ tough, leathery, deep green, rounded leaves; adapted to fluxuating water situations and low light; exotic flowers rarely produced in the home. [16] (W*)

Coffea arabica, "COFFEE" - Handsome shrub w/ layered branches of deep green, lustrous leaves, clusters of small, fragrant, white flowers followed by deep red, coffee berries. [16] (S*)

Crossandra 'Florida', "FIRECRACKER FLOWER" - Choice but difficult tropical shrub w/ shiny, rich green leaves & gorgeous, four-sided clusters of brilliant orange, one-sided flowers in summer; needs warmth & humidity. [6]

Crossandra 'Sunshine', "FIRECRACKER FLOWER" - Choice but difficult tropical shrub w/ shiny, rich green leaves & gorgeous, four-sided clusters of brilliant orange, one-sided flowers in summer; needs warmth & humidity. [11]

Ctenanthe oppenheimiana 'Tricolor', "NEVER-NEVER PLANT" - Gorgeous prayer plant relative w/ long, oval, waxy leaves that are dark & gray green banded, then splashed white, the undersides wine red; provide extra humidity. [3]

Davallia mariesii var. stenolepis, "SQUIRREL'S FOOT FERN" - Easy & handsome true fern w/ very, finely divided fronds arising from furry, foot-like rhizomes; fine on patio in moss lined basket (aka. Davallia trichomannoides). [11/9/5]

Dendroseris littoralis, "CABBAGE TREE" - Rare & endangered small tree from the Juan Fernandez Islands; stout trunk & branches, tennis-racket-sized, shiny, dark green leaves & nodding, rich orange daisy flowers; leaves edible. [10]

Dieffenbachia picta, "DUMB CANE" - Popular houseplant w/ thick, cane-like stems & large, leathery, dark green leaves mottled w/ white; keep on dry side. [8]

Dionaea muscipula, "VENUS FLYTRAP" - Most unusual of all plants; rosette of leaves tipped w/ jaw-like lobes which shap shut to trap insects; long stalked cluster of white flowers in summer; best in terrarium w/ distilled water, outdoors in winter. [19]

Dracaena sp. (Drysdale), "CORN-PLANT" - Unusual, shrubby Dracaena w/ slender, cane-like branches bearing rosettes of broad, leathery, lance-shaped leaves & clusters of small, white, deliciously fragrant flowers. [10]

Dracaena godseffiana 'Florida Beauty', "FLORIDA BEAUTY DRACAENA" - Graceful, shrubby house/patio plant w/ arching, wiry stems bearing leaves in two's or three's; leaves are leathery, dark green & hansomely marbled & blotched creamy white. [16]

Dracaena marginata, "RED-EDGE DRACAENA" - Tropical small tree w/ cane-like branches & 1-ft., fountain-shaped heads of slender, strap-shaped, shiny green leaves that are handsomely margined purplish red. [3]

Dracaena 'Ricki', "RICKI DRACAENA" - Striking Dracaena w/ cane-like stems topped w/ rosettes of tapered, strap-shaped, leathery leaves, these deep green w/ a broad, central chartreuse band in the center. [8/8]

Epiphyllum 'Pegasus', "ORCHID CACTUS" - Easy succulent perennial for containers on patio or under trees; flattened, arching, succulent stems produce huge, many petaled, glowing red flowers in spring. [10] (H*)

Eucharis grandiflora, "AMAZON LILY" - Choice perennial for patio in summer, indoors during coold weather; broad, deep greeen leaves & long-stemmed clusters of elegant, pure white, daffodil-like flowers in summer. [10] (S*)

Ficus benjamina 'Variegata', "VARIEG. WEEPING BANYON" - Especially handsome Variegated form of this popular house/patio plant w/ graceful, drooping branches & shiny green, long-pointed leaves marbled w/ creamy white; good in containers. [9]

Ficus deltoidea, "MISTLETOE FIG" - Tropical shrub, grown as houseplant w/ distinctive, broadly spoon-shaped, bright green leaves & showy, pea-sized figs changing from yellow to orange to red. *LAST MINUTE ADDITION [7]

Ficus elastica 'Sylvie', "VARIEGATED RUBBER TREE" - Nice selection of this tropical, evergreen tree; large, shiny leaves attractively marbled cream, green & gray-green; indoor or summer patio site, outdoors in mildest Inland areas. [16]

Ficus lyrata, "FIDDLELEAF FIG" - Tropical tree, grown as houseplant w/ thick, woody branches & leathery, shiny green, prominently veined leaves shaped like a fiddle; pinch when young to give fuller structure. [2]

Ficus maclellandii 'Alii', "ALII FICUS" - New, larger-leafed selection of this fast-growing, tropical tree from China w/ long, narrow, troughed leaves that emerge pinkish; summer patio or all year houseplant; avoid cold drafts. [16]

Ficus microcarpa 'Variegata', "VARIEG. CHINESE BANYON" - Handsomely variegated form of this versatile tree w/ graceful, drooping branches & shiny green, blunt-tipped leaves marbled w/ creamy white; good in containers. [14]

Hibiscus (Al's variegated), "VARIEGATED HIBISCUS" - Tender, evergreen shrub grown for the stalked, toothed leaves that are strikingly mottled w/ dark green, gray green & creamy white; funnel-shaped flowers are pink. [7]

Hoya carnosa, "WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers in creamy white w/ a central pink star; allow to dry slightly between waterings. [8]

Hoya carnosa 'Crimson Princess', "CRIMSON PRINCESS WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent leaves handsomely marbled w/ cream & pink & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers in creamy white w/ a central pink star; dry between waterings. [16]

Hoya carnosa 'Krinkle Kurl', "HINDU ROPE" - Tender, slow-growing vine w/ dark green, succulent, crumpled leaves closely set along the stems & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers in creamy white w/ a central pink star. [16]

Hoya carnosa 'Krinkle 8', "WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent, irregularly quilted leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers in creamy white w/ a central pink star. [6/4]

Hoya coronaria, "WAX FLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, slightly hairy leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers colored white, blushed green & deliciously fragrant. [6/4] (S*)

Hoya keysii, "WAX FLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers colored white, blushed pink. [10]

Hoya macrophylla, "LARGE-LEAF WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ large (to 8 in.), green, succulent leaves w/ handsome, yellow green veination & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed chartreuse flowers w/ dark maroon centers. [8] (W*)

Hoya multiflora, "SHOOTING STAR" - House or summer patio plant forming slender, arching branches w/ pointed leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, starry white flowers, tipped yellow; dry between waterings. [12]

Hoya obovatum, "WAXFLOWER" - Tender, twining vine w/ dark green, succulent leaves & clusters of unusual, waxy, 5-pointed flowers in creamy white & a central rose-purple star; allow to dry slightly between waterings. [10] (W*)

Mateleia cyclophylla, "STARFISH FLOWER" - Rare, winter deciduous, caudiciform vine w/ curious corky, above-ground tuber, heart-shaped leaves & velvety, star-shaped, maroon-brown flowers in summer; keep dry in winter. [22]

Monstera friedrichstallii, "SWISS CHEESE PLANT" - Curious, easy-to-grow, tropical vine, cousin to philodendrons, w/ dark green, narrowly heart-shaped leaves perforated by oval holes along each side of the midrib. [5]

Neoalsomitra podagrica, "NEOALSOMITRA" - Unusual, tender vine from Malaysia grown forthe curious, swollen stem base w/ stout, green thorns & heart-shaped leaves; keep moist in summer, drier in winter. [7]

Nephrolepis 'Can-can', "CAN-CAN SWORD FERN" - Tuberous sword fern cultivar w/ gracefully arching, feather-like, bright green fronds to 3 ft. long w/ tips branched out like a fan; multiplies by wiry runners. [6] (F*)

Orchid -- Cymbidium finlaysonianum, "CYMBIDIUM ORCHID" - Philippine orchid w/ narrow, arching leaves & pendulous spikes of yellow-green orchid flowers w/ red stripes; heat tolerant; indoors if temperature drops below 40 degrees F. [3] (F*)

Orchid -- Cymbidium Kusuda Stone 'Gateau Chocola', "CYMBIDIUM ORCHID" - Easy-to-grow, cutflower favorite orchid w/ narrow, arching leaves & spikes of long-lasting, spotted green orchid flowers w/ fragrance of chocolate & vanilla; late summer/fall bloom; heat tolerant. [6] (F*S*)

Orchid - Cymbidium hybrids, "CYMBIDIUM ORCHID" - Easy-to-grow, worldwide cutflower favorite orchid w/ narrow, arching leaves & tall spikes of large, long-lasting orchid flowers in various colors; container plant outdoors in all but freezing weather. [8] (F*)

Orchid - Cymbidium hybrids, "CYMBIDIUM ORCHID" - Easy-to-grow, worldwide cutflower favorite orchid w/ narrow, arching leaves & tall spikes of large, long-lasting orchid flowers in various colors; container plant outdoors in all but freezing weather. [11] (F*)

Orchid -Epidendrum hybrid (Assorted), "REED-STEMMED EPIDENDRUM" - Easy-to-grow orchids; tall, reed-like stems lined w/ succulent leaves & topped by clusters of small orchid flowers w/ fringed lips in assorted colors; bloom in warm weather; protect from frost. [25] (F*)

Orchid - Oncidium sphacelatum, "DANCING-LADY ORCHID" - For bright filtered light; indoors all year OR outdoors April to October; tall, branching spikes bearing hundreds of 1-in., bright yellow, crinkled flowers spotted & barred red-brown. [6] (F*)

Pachypodium lamerei, "MADAGASCAR PALM" - Peculiar succulent tree w/ thickened, spiny trunk topped by palm-like head of strap-shaped leaves; water only when soil is dry, especially in winter. [5] (W*)

Pellaea rotundifolia, "BUTTON FERN" - True fern, for landscape in mildest Inland areas, or good patio/houseplant; tight clumps of fronds w/ dark main stem lined with round, deep green leaflets; near dry between waterings. [20]

Pentas lanceolata (pink), "PINK STAR CLUSTERS" - Tender, shrubby perennial for patio in summer, house in winter; compact clusters of starry, pinkr flowers produced over long summer season; good cut flower. [32] (B*F*)

Peperomia 'Ginny', "PEPEROMIA" - Easy houseplant w/ thick red stems & succulent, oval leaves variously marked green, cream & red; slender spikes of tiny white flowers in late summer; dry between waterings. [6]

Peperomia obtusifolia, "PEPPERFACE" - Easy houseplant w/ jointed stems lined w/ shiny, deep green, rounded leaves; minute, white flowers held in a long, rattail-like spike; allow soil to dry before watering. [8]

Peperomia sandersii, "WATERMELON PEPEROMIA" - Unusual clumping houseplant w/ flat, heart-shaped, succulent leaves, these dark green w/ silver bands; allow soil to dry before watering. [16]

Philodendron 'Autumn', "PHILODENDRON" - Tropical perennial forming a dense rosette of 10-in., shiny, arrow-shaped leaves that emerge bright chartreuse, then turn green; houseplant or summer patio plant. [3]

Pilea cadierei, "ALUMINUM PLANT" - Handsome, shrubby houseplant w/ oval, bright green leaves distinctively spotted w/ silver above & small, fluffy clusters of tiny, creamy white flowers. [4]

Platycerium bifurcatum, "STAGHORN FERN" - Unusual, easy to grow true fern w/ spongy shield fronds attach to the media, fertile fronds protruding like antlers; best mounted on board or in basket on patio. [16]

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Angus Gold', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, rose red & white flowers blushed yellow in the centers. [5] (B*S*)

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Cerise', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, glowing cerise-colored flowers w/ orange centers. [5] (B*S*)

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Kauka Wilder', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, extra large, deep rose pink flowers blushed yellow in the centers. [5] (B*S*)

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Magenta', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, deep magenta red flowers produced over a long summer season. [5] (B*S*)

Plumeria (Blue Ribbon) 'Sundance', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - "Blue Ribbon" variety of this heat-loving, thick-branched shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, rich coral-colored flowers over a long summer season. [5] (B*S*)

Plumeria 'Guillot's Sunset', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of 3.5-in., funnel-shaped, yellow & red flowers over long summer season; especially spicy fragrance. [10] (B*S*)

Plumeria 'Makaha Rainbow', "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of 3.5-in., funnel-shaped flowers, a blend of red, yellow & white, produced over a long summer season. [10] (B*S*)

Plumeria (pink), "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Named varieties of this heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, funnel-shaped, pink flowers over long summer season. [10] (B*S*)

Plumeria (white), "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, funnel-shaped, white flowers in summer; sweetly fragrant. [10] (B*S*)

Plumeria (yellow), "PLUMERIA", "FRANGIPANI" - Heat-loving, thick-branched, deciduous shrub w/ long leaves tufted at branch tips & clusters of fragrant, funnel-shaped, yellow flowers over long summer season. [10] (B*S*)

Polyscias fruticosa, "MING ARALIA" - Choice, slow-growing shrub for patio during warm weather or as houseplant; spotted, cane-like stems bear dark green, leathery, parsley-like leaves; water carefully. [16]

Porphyrocoma pohliana, "ROSE PINE" - Compact plant w/ long, deep green, silver-veined leaves & purple, tubular flowers produced much of the year from a long lasting, cone-like spike of bright red bracts. [5]

Pseuderanthemum atro. 'Tricolor', "MARBLE PLANT" - Tender shrub for patio in summer or houseplant during cold weather; long, shiny leaves handsomely marbled in purple, green & white; flowers inconspicuous. [4]

Schefflera arboricola, "HAWAIIAN ELF SCHEFFLERA" - Shrub for patio except during coldest weather, or houseplant all year; deep green, 6-in. leaves divided like a hand into 3-in. pointed leaflets; excellent container plant; flowers unimportant. [7]

Scindapsus aureus 'Neon', "NEON POTHOS" - Easiest of houseplants w/ heart-shaped, rubbery, rich green leaves, the younger leaves glowing chartreuse; trailing stems can be trained to climb or allowed to hang. [16]

Scindapsus aureus 'Pothos N' Joy', "POTHOS" - Easiest of houseplants w/ heart-shaped, rubbery, rich green leaves irregularly marbled white; trailing stems can be trained to climb or allowed to hang. [16]

Spathiphyllum hybrid, "PEACE PLANT" - Easy houseplant w/ dependable bloom; deep green pointed leaves & elegant, long-stalked flowers composed of a pure white, flag-like spathe & central white spadix. [24] (F*)

Streptocarpella 'Concord Blue', "STREPTOCARPELLA" - Pretty African violet relative excellent for hanging containers; small, fuzzy, succulent leaves & funnel-shaped, lavender-blue flowers over long season. Sunset zones 19-24. [8] (H*)

Syngonium podophyllum 'Allusion Red', "ARROWHEAD VINE" - Unusual form of this easy-to-grow houseplant favorite w/ vining stems & arrow-shaped leaves that are slightly "waffled", russeted pale green, veined & blushed bronze. [11]

Tabernaemontana divaricata 'Flore Pleno, "CREPE JASMINE" - Choice tropical shrub w/ handsome, rich green, shiny leaves & many-petaled, gardenia-like, pure white flowers that are night fragrant; can be kept outside in all but coldest weather. [19] (F*S*)

Thunbergia erecta, "KING'S MANTLE" - Tender shrub, best as summer patio plant & brought indoors during cold weather; 3-in. deep green leaves & tubular, rich blue-purple flowers w/ yellow throats over long spring/summer season. [5] (H*)

Tillandsia aeranthos, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; slender, arched, gray-green leaves eventually forming a ball & spikes of tubular, indigo flowers from rose red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors (mounted). [12/8] (H*)

Tillandsia aeranthos seedlings (mounted), "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; slender, arched, gray-green leaves eventually forming a ball & spikes of tubular, indigo flowers from rose red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [10] (H*)

Tillandsia albertiana, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; tiny plant w/ slender, arched, frosted leaves arranged in 2-ranks & small, cherry red, trumpet shaped flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [11] (H*)

Tillandsia bulbosa, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; small plant w/ tentacle-like leaves from a frosted, bulbous base & tubular, violet flowers w/ brilliant red bracts in fall/winter; best indoors. [5] (H*)

Tillandsia butzii, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; olive green, tentacle-like leaves from a bulbous base & tubular violet flowers in red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors in protected spot. [17] (H*)

Tillandsia circinnata prolifera, "AIR PLANT" - "Air plant" grows without soil; long, narrow, curved & twisted, silver-green leaves & long spikes of small, violet flowers & a "pup" forming a new plant near the tip; best outdoors. [7]

Tillandsia duratii, "AIR PLANT" - Adaptable"air plant" grows without soil; slender, curiously curled, silver-green leaves & long spikes of small, violet & white, fragrant flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [10] (H*S*)

Tillandsia fasciculata, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arched, silver-green leaves & large spikes of tubular, violet flowers from green & red, paddle-shaped bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [7] (H*)

Tillandsia geminiflora hybrid, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; small rosette of tapered, gray green,-fuzzy leaves & pink-bracted spikes of tubular, dark pink flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors; hummingbird favorite. [12] (H*)

Tillandsia ionantha 'Rosita', "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" w/ pointed, frosty leaves arranged in a tight rosette that turns deep red in bloom; tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [9] (H*)

Tillandsia latifolia, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arched, gray-green leaves & red- & orange-bracted, branching spikes of tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [14] (H*)

Tillandsia meridionalis, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; rosettes of arched, silver-green, velvety leaves & large spikes of tubular, white flowers from pink bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [12] (H*)

Tillandsia neglecta, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; rosettes of arched, gray-green, velvety leaves & short, reddish-bracted spikes of tubular, violet flowers in fall/winter; best outdoors. [18] (H*)

Tillandsia pruinosa, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arching leaves from a bulbous base, olive green & fuzzy & compact spikes of tubular violet flowers in red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [9] (H*)

Tillandsia pseudobaileyi, "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; arching, olive green, waxy leaves from a slender, bulbous base & branched spikes of tubular violet blue flowers in red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [3] (H*)

Tillandsia recurvata, "BALL MOSS" - Toughest of "air plants" - a tiny, branching plant eventually forming a compact ball, w/ slender, arched leaves, often found growing on telephone wires & cacti; best outdoors. [16]

Tillandsia stricta ("black"), "AIR PLANT" - Unusual "air plant" grows without soil; slender, arched, dark gray-green leaves eventually forming a ball & spikes of tubular, violet flowers w/ rose red bracts in fall/winter; best outdoors. [12] (H*)

Turnera ulmifolia, "WEST INDIAN HOLLY" - Semi-shrubby tropical plant w/ long, deep green, toothed leaves & bright yellow, funnel-shaped flowers opening in the morning & closing by noon, these produced through warm weather. [7]

Xerosicyos cf. danguyi, "XEROSICYOS" - Unusual succulent vine from Madagascar, climbing by tendrils, w/ stiff, cylindrical stems & dark green, succulent, round leaves to 2 in. long. [5] (W*)

Zamioculcas zamiifolia, "ZAMIOCULCAS" - Unusual calla lily relative w/ thick stemmed, cycad-like leaves & succulent, oval leaflets w/ an almost mirror-like shine; flowers not showy; keep on the dry side. [16]


Water Plants

Acorus gramineus 'Masamune', "VARIEGATED SWEET FLAG" - Handsome grasslike plant forming tight clumps of slender, cream-margined leaves; especially useful for water feature margins & containers. [12]

Cyperus alternifolius 'Gracilis', "DWARF UMBRELLA PLANT" - Small form of this easy & unusual perennial; clumps of green, three-sided, slender stalks topped by umbrella-like cluster of narrow, green bracts; good near water features or containers. [9/4] (F*)

Eichhornia crassipes, "WATER HYACINTH" - Unusual & easy water plant w/ bulbous stems topped by shiny, rounded leaves & thick spikes of 2 in., orchid-like, lilac blue flowers in summer; floats on water surface. [20]

Equisetum hyemale, "COMMON SCOURING RUSH" - One-of-a-kind, primative plant w/ tall, cylindrical, jointed stems from an underground, creeping rhizome; for wet site or pond side; extremely invasive so best kept in containers. [7] (C*)

Iris pseudacoris, "YELLOW FLAG" - Vigorous, rhizomatous perennial w/ sword-shaped foliage to 5 ft. topped w/ showy, yellow flowers in spring; good vertical accent near water feature. [14] (H*)

Pontederia cordata, "PICKEREL WEED" - Aquatic plant w/ long-stalked, heart-shaped leaves held well above the water & long stems topped w/ a compact spike of bright blue flowers. [8] (H*C*)


Wildflower Seeds

Ammi majus, "QUEEN ANNE'S LACE" (Plant in fall or early winter) Mediterranean native; a tall annual w/ feathery foliage and long-stemmed, flat-topped, lacy clusters of tiny, white flowers; excellent cut flower. Reseeds readily. (B*W*F*)

Anagalis arvensis var. coerulea, "POOR-MAN'S WEATHER GLASS" (Plant in fall or early winter) Poor-man's weather glass is an easily-grown, spreading annual that covers itself with half-inch, rich delphinium-blue flowers in late winter and spring. Few plants so easily grown provide this color for the garden. The common name comes from the fact that the flowers close during cloudy weather. It is native to the Mediterranean and is well adapted to our climate.

Baileya multiradiata, "DESERT-MARIGOLD" (Plant in fall or early winter) Desert perennial to 2 ft. tall w/ grayish foliage & 1 1/2 in., yellow daisy heads over a long period, in both spring & fall. Best in well-drained soil or on slopes. (B*W*C*F*)

Centaurea cyanus, "CORNFLOWER", "BACHELOR'S BUTTON" (Plant in spring/early summer) Cornflower is a striking, old-fashioned annual. The 1 to 1 1/2 inch flowers are a luscious blue, giving the name to "cornflower blue". The leaves are narrow and silvery, providing a striking combination with the flowers. Cornflower is easy to grow and the flowers last well cut in arrangements. (B*F*)

Chrysanthemum carinatum, "PAINTED DAISY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Painted daisy is a colorful annual native to Morocco. The 2 to 3-inch flowers come in red, yellow, orange, white and purple, often containing a combination of the above colors. The leaves are finely divided and give the plants a delicate, ferny appearance. Painted daisy is easy to grow and the cut flowers last well in arrangements. (B*W*F*)

Clarkia amoena, "FAREWELL-TO-SPRING" (Plant in fall or early winter) Heralding the arrival of summer, farewell-to-spring is among the last of our spring wildflowers to bloom. The 2-inch, poppy-like flowers are pink to lavender, often with a splash of bright red at the center, and are born in succession from the top of long stems. The entire stem may be cut for a long-lasting succession of bloom indoors. Extremely easy to grow. Grows to 2 feet tall. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia bottae, "SHOWY FAREWELL-TO-SPRING" (Plant in fall or early winter) Heralding the arrival of summer, farewell-to-spring is among the last of our spring wildflowers to bloom. The 1 1/2-inch, poppy-like flowers are rosy-pink, and are born in succession from the top of long stems. The entire stem may be cut for a long-lasting succession of bloom indoors. Extremely easy to grow. Grows to 1 1/2 feet tall. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia pulchella `Confetti Mixed', "DEERHORN CLARKIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) "Deerhorn clarkia" is an easy to grow, late-spring flowering, California native wildflower. It bears tall, slender spikes of unusual, dainty flowers with antler-like petals in shades of lavender, pink, purple and magenta. Extremely long lasting in cutflower arrangements, the flowers continuing to open on the spikes for days. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia purpurea, "WINECUP CLARKIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) Among the latest blooming of our California native, spring wildflowers. The 1/4 to 1 inch, bowl-shaped flowers are lavender to deep purple and are born in succession from the top of long stems; often there is a red or purple spot near the base of each petal. The entire stem may be cut for a long-lasting succession of bloom indoors. Easy to grow. To 1 foot tall or more. (H*W*C*F*)

Clarkia unguiculata, "CLARKIA," "MOUNTAIN GARLAND" (Plant in fall or early winter) Mountain garland is one of our most distinctive late-spring wildflowers. It bears tall spikes of unusual, rose-pink flowers with antler-like petals. Extremely long lasting in cutflower arrangements, the flowers continuing to open on the spikes for days. (H*W*C*F*)

Collinsia heterophylla, "CHINESE HOUSES" (Plant in fall or early winter) Chinese houses are among the few California wildflowers that prefer partial shade. They get their common name from the dainty, tiered arrangement of white and rose or white and violet, snapdragon-like flowers. The plants are 1 to 2 feet tall and are used to advantage in the partially shaded border, as a bulb cover, or mixed with other shade tolerant wildflowers. (C*F*)

Coreopsis tinctoria, "RED PLAINS COREOPSIS" (Plant in spring/early summer) Red plains coreopsis is an easy-to-grow, heat-loving annual for summer and fall bloom. Plants grow to 3 feet and bear sprightly, daisy-like flowers that are bright yellow and maroon. Reseeds readily and makes a fine cut flower. (B*F*)

Cosmos bipinnatus, "COSMOS" (Plant in spring/early summer) Cosmos is a charming, old-fashioned summer annual with 3-inch, daisy-like flowers in shades of purple, lavender and rose. Plants are tall, from 3-5 feet, and foliage is dark green and ferny. They require only moderate watering. Excellent cut flower. (B*F*)

Cosmos sulphureus `Bright Lights Mix', "SULPHUR COSMOS MIXED" (Plant in spring/early summer) Sulphur cosmos is among the easiest of summer annuals. It has 3-inch, daisy-like flowers in bright yellow, orange, gold and scarlet-orange that are fine for cutting. Plants grow 2 to 3 feet tall and bloom quickly from seed. They require only moderate watering. (B*F*)

Cynoglossum amabile, "CHINESE FORGET-ME-NOT" (Plant in fall or early winter) Chinese forget-me-not is an easy-to-grow biennial that performs as an annual in our mild climate. The foot-tall plants have hairy, tongue-shaped leaves and generous, coiled clusters of small, true "forget-me-not" blue flowers with tiny white centers. Flowers are born over a long spring/summer season, especially if lightly shaded. Flowers attract butterflies and make fine cutflowers. (B*F*)

Delphinium ajacis or Consolida ambigua, "LARKSPUR" (Plant in fall or early winter) Larkspur is a popular, old-fashioned annual that produces tall spikes of ruffly flowers in shades of vibrant blue, lilac, pink or white. The two- to three- foot plants have lacy, dark green foliage and are particularly nice placed toward the back of the flower bed or sown in mixed wildflower displays. Larkspur is an excellent cutflower. (H*B*W*F*)

Digitalis purpurea, "COMMON FOXGLOVE" (Plant in fall or early winter) Easy, old-fashioned favorite biennial with a bold rosette of tongue-shaped leaves and tall (to 3 feet) spires of pendulous, trumpet-shaped, purple flowers in spring or early summer. Reseeds freely and is loved by hummingbirds. For sun, light shade, or part day shade. Seeds sown in spring or early fall should bloom the following spring or summer. (H*F*)

Dimorphotheca pluvialis, "WHITE AFRICAN DAISY" (Plant in fall or early winter) White African daisy is a spreading annual that covers itself in glistening white flowers in late winter, spring and early summer. It is easy to grow and will do well with only moderate watering. White African daisy is good for naturalizing as it reseeds readily. (B*W*)

Dimorphotheca sinuata, "ANNUAL AFRICAN DAISY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Annual African daisy is an extremely easy, floriferous, low-growing, annual, bearing many 2-inch daisies in yellow, orange, apricot and salmon. They are good for naturalizing as they reseed readily.(B*W*)

Eschscholzia caespitosa, "DWARF CALIFORNIA POPPY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Quite different from the regular California poppy, E. caespitosa is a smaller plant with sprightly, 1-inch, lemon yellow flowers. The foliage is ferny and silvery-green in color. This showy annual is excellent for naturalizing -- readily reseeding itself. (W*C*)

Eschscholzia californica, "CALIFORNIA POPPY" (Plant in fall or early winter) The ever popular California poppy is a showy perennial, usually grown as an annual. Bright orange-yellow, 2-inch flowers are born above ferny, silvery-green foliage from late winter to early summer (bloom often begins in October from over-summering plants). Excellent for naturalizing - the California poppy often reseeds itself. (W*C*F*)

Eschscholzia californica, "CALIFORNIA POPPY - INLAND AREA GENOTYPE" (Plant in fall or early winter) The Inland Empire (Riverside, CA and vicinity) genotype of the popular California poppy . This California poppy is a showy annual with bright orange-yellow, 2-inch flowers born above ferny, silvery-green foliage from late winter to early summer. Excellent for naturalizing in Inland areas - the California poppy will reseed itself. (W*C*F*)

Gaillardia pulchella, "BLANKET FLOWER" (Plant in spring/early summer) Blanket flower is an easily grown summer annual producing 2-foot mounds of bicolored flowers over a long season. The distinctive flowers vary in color from nearly all yellow to red with yellow edges to nearly all red. Fine cut flower and quite water efficient. (B*W*F*)

Gilia capitata, "GLOBE GILIA," "BLUE THIMBLE FLOWER" (Plant in fall or early winter) Globe gilia is a late season native California wildflower that produces globe-shaped clusters of violet-blue flowers with blue pollen. It grows to about 2 feet tall (though it is usually smaller) and its relatively shallow roots make it an excellent bulb cover. Globe gilia is especially nice planted closely en masse or planted among other wildflowers. (B*W*C*F*)

Gilia leptantha, "SHOWY BLUE GILIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) Showy blue gilia is a dainty, California native annual with ferny foliage and half-inch, violet-pink flowers in spring & early summer (sow in fall or winter). (B*W*C*F*)

Gilia tricolor, "BIRD'S-EYE GILIA" (Plant in fall or early winter) Bird's-eye gilia is an attractive wildflower that produces clusters of small violet flowers with yellow throats. It has fine, ferny foliage and looks best planted en masse or mixed with other wildflowers. (B*W*C*F*)

Lasthenia glabrata, "GOLDFIELDS" (Plant in fall or early winter) Adaptable California native that often carpets acres of grassland with its yellow, daisy flowers; from 6 in. to 1.5 ft. tall depending on soil & moisture conditions. Yellow, daisy-like flower heads to 1 in. across. (B*W*C*)

Layia platyglossa, "TIDY TIPS" (Plant in fall or early winter) Tidy tips are among California's most eye-catching annual wildflowers. They bear an abundance of 2-inch, yellow, daisy-like flowers with the ends of each "petal" tipped with pure white, thus the common name "tidy tips". The plants are up to 15 inches tall and are most stunning planted en masse (as they occur in the wild) or mixed with other wildflowers. (B*W*C*)

Limonium sinuatum, "STATICE" (Plant in fall or early spring) Listed as summer annual but definitely perennial at the Botanic Gardens if not kept too wet in summer; tough plant with lobed leaves and clusters of flowers born on long, winged stems; flowers w/ papery purple calyx and tiny white flowers, nearly all year; popular cut flower fresh or dry (the statice of florists); reseeds freely.

Linanthus grandiflorus, "MOUNTAIN PHLOX" (Plant in fall or early winter) "Mountain phlox" is a handsome California native wildflower that produces clusters of 1-inch white, funnel-shaped flowers with a pink tinge. It has fine, ferny foliage and is attractive planted en masse or mixed with other wildflowers. (B*W*C*)

Linaria maroccana, "TOADFLAX," "BABY SNAPDRAGON" (Plant in fall or early winter) The rainbow colors of toadflax flowers always seem to draw attention. The small but abundant, snapdragon-like flowers are produced in dense spikes and come in white, red, yellow, pink, blue-violet, purple, mauve and combinations of these colors. The plants grow up to about 1 1/2 feet tall and bear their flowers over a long period. They combine nicely with other "wildflowers" and are excellent for cutflower arrangements. (B*W*F*)

Linaria reticulata, "PURPLE-NET TOADFLAX" (Plant in fall or early winter) Purple-net toadflax is an easy-to-grow, cool-season annual with long, many-flowered spikes of small, snapdragon-shaped flowers over a long season; flowers are purple, intricately veined w/ yellow. (B*W*F*)

Linum grandiflorum `Rubrum', "SCARLET FLAX" (Plant in fall or early winter) Scarlet flax is an easy-to-grow north African wildflower that produces branching sprays of 1 to 1 1/2 inch scarlet, poppy-like flowers on tall stems. It is excellent for planting among other flowers or in dense patches by itself. It will self-sow readily but is never invasive. It makes a delicate addition to mixed flower arrangements. (H*W*F*)

Lupinus densiflorus var. aureus `Ed Gedling', "GOLDEN LUPINE" (Plant in fall or early winter) Golden lupine is a 2-foot showy annual with tall, dense spikes of golden yellow, pea-like flowers. The rich yellow color combines well with most other wildflowers, but is particularly nice with baby blue-eyes or arroyo lupine. The plants require only moderate watering once they are established. (H*B*C*F*)

Lupinus succulentus, "ARROYO LUPINE" (Plant in fall or early winter) The arroyo lupine is one of the most planted wildflowers along roadsides in southern California. The many-branched plants are annuals growing to two feet or more and bearing tall, dense spikes of deep purple, pea-like flowers. They are very easy to grow and combine particularly well with California poppies. (H*B*C*F*)

Malcomia maritima, "VIRGINIA STOCKS" (Plant in fall or early winter) Virginia stocks are one of the fastest blooming plants from seed - blooming in as little as 6 weeks after planting. They rapidly become covered in 4-petaled, half-inch flowers in shades from white to pink, lilac & magenta, with the general appearance of garden stocks in miniature. They may be sown almost anytime except the hottest weather. They are shallow rooted & make a fine bulb cover or are handsome mixed with other wildflowers.(B*)

Matthiola longipetala bicornis, "EVENING SCENTED STOCK" (Plant in fall or early winter) Evening scented stock is grown principally for the delicious night-fragrance rather than for the small, purplish flowers. Foot tall plants with sword-shaped leaves & spikes of small, purple flowers that are deliciously fragrant at night. Especially useful planted among showier, unscented annuals.(B*F*S*)

Mentzelia lindleyi, "BLAZING STAR" (Plant in fall or early winter) Blazing star is a dramatic California native annual growing to 3 feet. It has sandpapery leaves and bears 2.5-inch, bright yellow, fragrant flowers that open in the evening, and remain open the next morning. (W*C*)

Nemophila maculata, "FIVESPOT" (Plant in fall or early winter) Fivespot is one of California's most distinctive wildflowers. It gets its name from the unusual cup-shaped flowers which are white with one large purple dot at the tip of each of the five lobes. As with its close relative, baby-blue-eyes, it is one of the few wildflowers that succeed in partial shade. The plants are about 6 inches high and somewhat spreading and make an excellent bulb cover. (C*)

Nemophila menziesii, "BABY BLUE EYES" (Plant in fall or early winter) Baby blue eyes is one of the easiest of our California wildflowers to grow and one of the few that succeeds in part shade. Its one-inch, sky blue flowers are born freely on 6 to 10 inch plants in the spring. The low stature and spreading habit make baby blue eyes an excellent bulb cover. (W*C*)

Papaver rhoeas, "CORN POPPY," "FLANDERS POPPY" (Plant in fall or early winter) Corn poppy is a striking cool-weather annual famous for its mass natural displays in its native Europe and Asia. It is very easy to grow and will self-sow readily though it is never invasive. The corn poppy is excellent in mixed wildflower displays, or massed in beds alone. The flowers may be cut for long-lasting arrangements; cut them just as they open and heat the cut end with a flame or hot water before placing in cool water. Cut off the forming seed capsules to prolong blooming. (W*F*)

Phacelia campanularia, "WILD CANTERBURY BELLS" (Plant in fall or early winter) One of the most spectacular of California's many Phacelia species, wild Canterbury bells' profusion of royal blue flowers always draws attention. The 3/4 inch flowers are born in uncoiling sprays held above the silvery-green foliage from early March to summer if watered occasionally during dry spells. (H*W*C*F*)

Phacelia minor, "WILD CANTERBURY BELLS" (Plant in fall or early winter) One of the most spectacular of the Inland Empire's wildflowers, wild Canterbury bells' profusion of rich violet-purple, bell-shaped flowers is striking. The 3/4 inch flowers are born in uncoiling, branching spikes held above the bronzy-green foliage from early March to summer if watered occasionally during dry spells. (H*W*C*F*)

Ratibida columnifera, "MEXICAN HAT" (Plant in spring/early summer) Mexican hat is a prairie & western states native perennial that will bloom the first year from seed. One- to three-foot, bushy plants bear deeply divided, ferny leaves. The unusual, sombrero-shaped flower heads have a 1 1/2 inch central column with 1 inch, drooping "petals" in mahogany red & yellow. Mexican hat blooms in summer/fall & is a fine cutflower. (B*W*F*)

Reseda odorata, "MIGNONETTE" (Plant in fall or early winter) Mignonette is a one-of-a-kind plant w/ green & copper-colored flowers in dense spikes. The flowers are more unusual than beautiful but are deliciously fragrant. The plant grows to over a foot tall & prefers part day shade or filtered sun. Plant it among unscented wildflowers or cut the flowers to scent a bouquet. (F*S*)

Tropaeolum majus `Dwarf Jewel Mix', "DWARF NASTURTIUM" (Plant in fall or early winter) Compact form of this old fashioned cool season annual with many virtues. Handsome, long-stalked, shield-shaped leaves and deliciously fragrant, funnel-shaped, spurred flowers in glowing colors: yellow, orange, vermillion, red. Flowers, young leaves and unripe seeds are spicy and edible in salads. One of the easiest plants to grow from seed, excellent for children to plant. Can be perennial if watered in summer. For sun, part sun, or light shade. (H*B*F*S*)

Verbesina encelioides, "BUTTER DAISY", "GOLDEN CROWNBEARD" (Plant in spring or early summer) Native of Arizona, Great Plains and Mexico. Shrubby annual with gray, wooly leaves and rich, solid yellow daisy heads over a long summer season. Tough and drought tolerant. Too weedy for the highly irrigated garden (B*W*F*).

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